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Date : 04 Sep 2008
Select References (Vol II)

SELECT REFERENCES

VI. LENDING AND INVESTMENT OPERATIONS OF BANKS

Barth, James R., Gerard Caprio Jr., and Ross Levin. 2002. “Financial Regulation and Performance: Cross-country Evidence.” in Leonardo Hernández and Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (eds.), Banking, Financial Integration, and International Crisis. 113-41. Central Bank of Chile. Santiago.

Batra, Geeta, Daniel Kaufmann and Andrew H. W. Stone. 2002. Voices of the Firms 2000: Investment Climate and the Governance Findings of the World Business Environment Survey. The World Bank Group. Beck, Thorsten, Asli Demirgüç-Kunt, and Vojislav Maksimovic. 2003. “Bank Competition, Financing Obstacles and Access to Credit.” Policy Research Working Paper, 2996. The World Bank. Beck, Thorsten, Asli Demirguc-Kunt. 2005. “Small and Medium-Size Enterprises: Overcoming Growth Constraints.” The World Bank Group. February.

Berger, A. N. and Gregory F. Udell. 1994. “Did Risk-Base Capital Allocate Bank Credit and Cause a ‘Credit Crunch’ in the United States?” Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 26: 586-628. Berger, A. N., and W.S. Frame. 2005. “Small Business Credit Scoring and Credit Availability.” Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. Working Paper Series 10, May.

Bernanke, Ben S. and Cara S. Lown. 1991. ‘‘The Credit Crunch.” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2: 205-46.

Boyd, J.H. and M. Gertler. 1993. “US Commercial Banking: Trends, Cycles and Policy.” NBER Working Paper Series No. 4404. July.

Clark, T., A. Dick, B. Hirtle, K.J. Stiroh, and R. Williams. 2007. “The Role of Retail Banking in the U.S. Banking Industry: Risk, Return, and Industry Structure.” Federal Reserve Board New York. Economic Policy Review. December.

Coleman, W.D. and Wyn P. Grant. 1998. “Policy Convergence and Policy Feedback: Agricultural Finance Policies in a Globalizing Era.” European Journal of Political Research, 34(2): 225-47.

Cottarelli, Carlo, Giovanni Dell’Ariccia, and Ivanna Valdkova-Hollar. 2003. “Early Birds, Late Risers, and Sleeping Beauties: Bank Credit Growth to the Private Sector in Central and Eastern Europe and the Balkans.” IMF Working Paper, wp/03/213.

Cull, Robert, E. Lance Davis, R. Naomi Lamoreaux and Jean-Laurent Rosenthal, 2005. “Historical Financing of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises.” NBER Working Paper Series. October.

European Commission. 2003. “SMEs Access to Finance” Observatory of European Commission No. 2.

——. 2005. “SME Access to Finance.” Flash Barometer No. 174, October.

Food and Agriculture Organisation. 1998. “Agricultural Finance Revisited: Why?” Agricultural Finance Revisited, No. 1, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations. June.

Gawlick, Sonia. 2007. “Public-Private Partnerships : A Financier’s Perspective.” United Nations Eonomic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP). UNO.

Ghosh, B., and P. De. 2004. “How do Different Categories of Infrastructure Affect Development? Evidence from Indian States,” Economic and Political Weekly, October 16, 4645-4657.

Ghosh, Saibal, D. M. Nachane, and Partha Ray. 2004. “ Behaviour of Bank Capital: Issues and Evidence from India.” Economic and Political Weekly. March.

Ghosh, Swati R., and Atish R. Ghosh. 1999. “East Asia in the Aftermath: Was There a Crunch?.” IMF Working Paper, wp/99/38.

Golait, Ramesh. 2007. “Current Issues in Agricultural Credit in India: An Assessment.” Reserve Bank of India Occasional Papers, 28(1), Summer.

Gopinath, S. 2005. “Retail Banking: Opportunities and Challenges.” RBI Bulletin. June.

Government of India. 2007a. The Report of the Committee on Infrastructure Financing, (Chairman: Shri. Deepak Parekh), Government of India. May.

——. 2007b. Report of the Expert Group on Agricultural Indebtedness. (Chairman : Shri. R. Radhakrishna) Government of India, July.

Hernández, Leonardo and Oscar Landerretche. 2002. “Capital Inflows, Credit Boom and Macroeconomic Vulnerability: The Cross-Country Experience.” in Hernández and Schmidt-Hebbel (eds), Banking, Financial Integration and International Crises. Central Bank of Chile, 199-233.

Hirtle, B. J. and K. J. Stiroh. 2007. “The Return to Retail and the Performance of US Banks.” Journal of Banking and Finance, 31(4): 1101-1133.

Hollinger, F. 2004. “Agricultural Lending Practices: Methodologies and Programs Financing Term Investments in Agriculture: A Review of International Experiences.” Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations.

Keynes, J.M. 1930. Treatise on Money.

Lloyd, W. Mints. 1945. A History of Banking Theory, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 27-29.

Meade, J. S. 1934. “The Amount of Money and the Banking System.” Repr., Readings in Monetary Theory eds. Friedrich A. Lutz and Lloyd W. Mints, 77-83London 1951. Economic Journal, No.44.

Meyer, Richard. L., and Geetha Nagarajan. 2000. “Study of Rural Asia: Volume 3: Rural Financial Markets in Asia: Policies Paradigms and Performance.” Asian Development Bank, Oxford University Press for ADB.

Mohan, Rakesh. 1996. “ Policy Imperatives for Growth and Welfare.” The India Infrastructure Report Vol. 2. NCAER for Government of India.

——. 2003. “Transforming Indian Banking : In Search of a Better Tomorrow.” RBI Bulletin. January.

——. 2004. “Finance for Industrial Growth.” RBI Bulletin. March.

——. 2005. “Indian Economy in the Global Setting.” RBI Bulletin. October.

——. 2006. “Agricultural Credit in India: Status, Issues and Future Agenda.” Economic and Political Weekly. March.

——. 2008 . “Innovation and Growth: Role of the Financial Sector.” RBI Bulletin. April.

Mohanty, M.S., Gert Schnabel and Pablo Garcia-Luna. 2006. “ Banks and Aggregate Credit: What is New?” BIS Papers No. 28.

Montiel, Peter J. 2000. “What Drives Consumption Booms?” World Bank Economic Review, 14(3): 457-80. September.

Morris, Sebastian. 2001. “Issues in Infrastructure Development Today: The Interlinkages.” Chapter 2, India Infrastructure Report, 3inetwork.

Moulton, H.G. 1918. “Commercial Banking Capital Formation.” Journal of Political Economy, 26 (7).

Nachane, D.M., Aditya Narain, Saibal Ghosh, and S. Sahoo. 2001. “Bank Response to Capital Requirements: Theory and Indian Evidence.” Economic and Political Weekly, 329-35.

National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development. 2007. “Rural Infrastructure Development Fund.” http://www.nabard.org/ridf/genesisofridf.asp

National Commission for the Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector. 2007. Financing of Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector & Creation of a National Fund For the Unorganised Sector (NAUFS) (Chairman: Arjun K. Sengupta).

Passmore, W and S. Sharpe. 1994. “Optimal Bank Portfolios and the Credit Crunch.” Finance and Economics Discussion Series, 94-19, Federal Reserve Board of Governors.

Pesek, B.P., and T.R. Saving. 1967. Money, Wealth and Economic Theory. New York: MacMilan.

Prochnow, Herbert V. 1949. Term Loan and Theories of Bank Liquidity. New York: Prentice Hall.

Rajan, Raghuram., and Luigi Zingales. 1998. “Financial Dependence and Growth.” American Economic Review, 88 (3): 559-86.

Rao, K. S. Ramchandra, Abhiman Das, and Arvind Kumar Singh. 2006. “Commercial Bank Lending to Small Scale Industry.” Economic and Political Weekly. March.

Reddy, Y. V. 2005. “Banking Sector Reforms in India : An Overview.” RBI Bulletin. June.

——. 2006. “Reforming India’s Financial Sector. Changing Dimensions and Emerging Issues. RBI Bulletin. June.

Reserve Bank of India. 2004. Report of the Advisory Committee on Flow of Credit to Agriculture and Related Activities from the Banking System. June.

——. 2005. Report of the Internal Group to Review Guidelines on Credit Flow to SME Sector (Chairman: Shri. C. S. Murthy).

——. 2007a. “Developement of Financial Markets and Role of Central Bank.” Report on Currency and Finance.

——. 2007b. Report on Trend and Progress of Banking in India.

Roussakis, N. Emmanuel. 1997. Commercial Banking in an Era of Deregulation, Praeger, Publication Westport. Connecticut.

Sen, Sunanda, Soumya Kanti Ghosh. 2005. “Basel Norms, Indian Banking Sector and Impact on Credit to SMEs and the Poor.” Economic and Political Weekly, March.

Thakor, Anjan V. 1996. “Capital Requirements, Monetory Policy and Aggregate Bank Lending: Theory and Empirical Evidence.” The Journal of Finance, 51: 279-324.

Thomas, Rollin G. 1937. Modern Banking, New York: Prestige Hall 161-169.
Timothy, C. D. Astrid , H. Beverly, K. J. Stiroh, and R. Williams . 2007. “The Role of Retail Banking in the U.S. Banking Industry: Risk, Return, and Industry Structure.” FRBNY Economic Policy Review, December.

Wall, L. D. and David R. Peterson. 1995. “Bank Holding Company Capital Targets in the Early 1990s: The Regulations Vensus the Markets.” Journal of Banking Banking and Finance, 19: 563-574.

Yaron, Jacob. 1992. “Rural Finance in Developing Countries.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, Agricultural Policies Division, Agriculture and Rural Development Department, World Bank, March.

World Bank. 2008. Finance for All ?, Policies and Pitfalls in Expanding Access. A World Bank Policy Research Report.

VII. FINANCIAL INCLUSION

Agarwal, Gaurav. 2007. “Financial Inclusion through Mobile Phone Banking: Issues and Challenges.” CAB Calling, July-September, 2007.

APMAS and EDA Rural Systems. 2006. “Self-Help Groups in India: A Study of the Lights and Shades.” Study by Andhra Pradesh Mahila Abhivruddhi Society (APMAS) and EDA Rural Systems Private Ltd. www.apmas.org.

Aryavart Grameen Bank. http://aryavart-rrb.com.

Asian Development Bank. 2000. Finance for the Poor: Micro-finance Development Strategy.

——.  2007. “Low Income Households’ Access to Financial Services – International Experience, Measures for Improvement, and the Future.” EARD Special Studies, October.

Bank of Scotland. 2007. Delivering Our Financial Inclusion Agenda in Scotland. March.

Bridgeman, J.S. 1999. Vulnerable Consumers and Financial Services. The Report of the Director General’s Inquiry, Office of Fair Trading, January.

CAB. 2007. Report on Costs and Margins of Micro Finance Institutions. College of Agricultural Banking, Reserve Bank of India.

Chant Link and Associates. 2004. A Report on Financial Exclusion in Australia. November.

Connolly, C. and K. Hajaj. 2001. “Financial Services and Social Exclusion.” Financial Services Consumer Policy Centre. University of New South Wales.

Creado, J. and R. Koshi. 2008. “Creating Leaders at the Bottom of the Pyramid.” Microfinance Insights, March.

Ford, J. and K. Rowlingson. 1996. “Low-Income Households and Credit: Exclusion, Preference and Inclusion.” Environment and Planning, 28: 1345–60.

Government of India. 2007. Report of the Working Group on Competitive Micro-Credit Market in India.

Eleventh Five Year Plan, Planning Commission.

——. Book of Information. Department of Posts.

 ——. Central Electricity Authority. www.cea.nic.in.

——. Department of Road Transport and Highways. www.morth.nic.in.

 ——. NSSO, various rounds of survey.

——. 2008. “Challenges, Policy Reforms and Medium-Term Prospects.” Economic Survey 2007-08, Chapter 2.

——. 2008. Report of the Committee on Financial Inclusion in India (Chairman Dr. C. Rangarajan). January. Grameen Bank. www.grameen-info.org.

H.M. Treasury. 2004. Promoting Financial Inclusion. HMSO, St Clements House, 2-16 Colegate, Norwich, December.

——. 2006. Financial Inclusion: Credit, Savings, Advice and Insurance. Twelfth Report of Session 2005–06, Volume I. House of Commons Treasury Committee, UK.

——. 2007. Financial Inclusion: the Way Forward. HM Treasury. London, March.

IIMS. 2007. Invest India Incomes and Savings Survey. Invest India Market Solutions (IIMS dataworks). www.iimsdataworks.com.

IRDA. 2008. “Getting Better and Better.” IRDA Journal. Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority, January.
www.irdaindia.org.

Indian Bank. www.indianbank.in

Kamath, Raghav. 2007. “Branchless Banking: Corp Bank’s Answer for Financial Inclusion.” CAB Calling, July-September, Vol. 31, No. 3.

Kempson, E. 2006. “Policy Level Response to Financial Exclusion in Developed Economies: Lessons for Developing Countries.” Paper for Access to Finance: Building Inclusive Financial Systems, May 30-31, World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Kempson, E. and C. Whyley. 1998. Access to Current Accounts. London: British Bankers’ Association.

——.  1999. Kept Out or Opted Out? Bristol: Policy Press.

——.  2000. In or Out? Financial Exclusion: A Literature and Research Review. Financial Services Authority, London.

Kempson E, A. Atkinson and O. Pilley. 2004. “Policy Level Response to Financial Exclusion in Developed Economies: Lessons for Developing Countries.” University of Bristol.

Leeladhar, V. 2006. “Taking Banking Services to the Common Man – Financial Inclusion.” RBI Bulletin, January.

Leyshon, A. and N. Thrift. 1993. “The Restructuring of the UK Financial Services Industry in the 1990s: A Reversal of Fortune?” Journal of Rural Studies, 9: 223–41.

——.  1995. “Geographies of Financial Exclusion: Financial Abandonment in Britain and the United States.” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series, 20: 312–41.

Meadows, P., P. Ormerod and W. Cook. 2004. “Social Networks: Their Role in Access to Financial Services in Britain.” National Institute Economic Review (189): 99-109.

Mohan, Rakesh. 2006. “Economic Growth, Financial Deepening and Financial Inclusion.” RBI Bulletin, November.

NAFSCOB. Performance of Primary Agricultural Credit Societies. Various issues.

NCAER. 2008. “How India Earns, Spends, and Saves.” Results from The Max New York Life-NCAER India Financial Protection Survey. www.ncaer.org

NHB. 2006. Report on Trend and Progress on Housing in India 2005. National Housing Bank, November.

NSSO. All India Debt and Investment Survey (AIDIS). Various Issues.

Puhazhendi, V. and K.J.S. Satyasai. 2000. “Microfinance for Rural People: An Impact Evaluation.” NABARD.

Puhazhendi, V. and K.C. Badatya. 2002. “SHG-bank Linkage Programme for Rural Poor - An Impact Assessment.” www.microfinancegateway.org.

Rajan, M.S.S. 2007. “Replication of Financial Inclusion: Opportunities and Challenges – Indian Bank Experience.” CAB Calling, July-September, Vol.31, No.3.

Rao, M.B.N. 2007. “Sustainable Inclusion- Cost of Inclusion.” Skoch Financial Technologies Summit.

Reddy, Y.V. 2007. “Financial Sector Policies for Growth and Employment.” RBI Bulletin, December.

Reserve Bank of India. Basic Statistical Returns of SCBs in India. Various issues.

——. Report on Trend and Progress of Banking in India. Various issues.

——. Survey of Small Borrowal Accounts. Reserve Bank of India Bulletin, various issues.

——. 2007. Handbook of Statistics on the Indian Economy 2006-07.

——. 2007. Report for the Technical Group to Review Legislations on Money Lending.

Rogaly, B., T. Fisher and E. Mayo. 1999. Poverty, Social Exclusion and Microfinance in Britain. London: Oxfam GB.

Sinclair, Stephen, P. 2001. “Financial Exclusion: An Introductory Survey.” Centre for Research into Socially Inclusive Services (CRSIS) Edinburgh College of Art, Heriot Watt University.

Speak, S. and S. Graham. 1999. “Service Not Included: Private Services Restructuring, Neighbourhoods and Social Marginalisation.” Environment and Planning, A. 31.

Tankha, A. 2002. “Self-help Groups as Financial Intermediaries in India: Cost of Promotion, Sustainability and Impact.” A Study Prepared for ICCO and Cordaid, The Netherlands. www.microfinancegateway.org

Thorat, Usha. 2006a. “Financial Inclusion and Millennium Development Goals.” RBI Bulletin, February.

——. 2006b. “Financial Inclusion for Sustainable Development: Role of IT and Intermediaries.” RBI Bulletin, December.

——. 2008. “Inclusive Growth - The Role of Banks in Emerging Economies.” Reserve Bank of India Bulletin, March.

United Nations. 2006a. Advisors Group on Inclusive Financial Sectors, United Nations. www.uncdf.org

——. 2006b. Building Inclusive Financial Sectors for Development. New York.

Wallace, James E. 1995. “Financing Affordable Housing in the United States.” Housing Policy Debate, 6(4):785–814.

World Bank. 2008. Finance for All – Policy and Pitfalls in Expanding Access. The World Bank, Washington, D.C.

VIII. COMPETITION AND CONSOLIDATION

Aguirre, E. and Norton, J.J. 2000. ';Reform of Latin American Banking Systems: National and International Perspectives.'; Kluwer Law International, London, England.

Allen, L. and Rai A. 1996. “Operational Efficiency in Banking: An International Comparison.” Journal of Banking and Finance, Vol. 20: 655-72.

Andrews, Michael A. 2005. “State-owned Banks, Stability, Privatization, and Growth: Practical Policy Decisions in a World without Empirical Proof.” IMF Working Paper WP/05/10,International Monetary Fund.

Bank for International Settlements. 2001. Report on Consolidation in the Financial Sector, Group Ten. Switzerland.

——. 2004. “Foreign Direct Investment in the Financial Sector of Emerging Market Economy.” CGFS, Publication No. 22, March.

——. 2001. “The Banking Industry in the Emerging Market Economies: Competition, Consolidation and Systematic Stability.” BIS Papers No.4.

Barth, J. R., G. Caprio, and R. Levine. 2000. “Banking Systems Around the Globe: Do Regulation and Ownership Affect Performance and Stability”? Working Paper No.2325, World Bank.

Barth, J.R., G. Caprio Jr., and R. Levine. 2001. “Banking Systems Around the Globe: Do Regulations and Ownership Affect Performance and Stability?.” in Prudential Supervision: What Works and What Doesn’t ed. Mishkin, F.S., 2001., Univ. of Chicago Press, 31–88.

Barth, J.  R., Caprio, Jr., Gerard and Nolle, Daniel E. 2004. “Comparative International Characteristics of Banking.” Economic and Policy Analysis Working Paper No.1.

Berger, Allen, N. and Loretta J. Mester. 1997. “Inside the Black Box: What Explains Differences in the Efficiencies of Financial Institutions?,” Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 97(04), Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions. University of Pennsylvania.

Berger, Allen N. and Humphrey, David B. 1997. “Efficiency of Financial Institutions: International Survey and Directions for Future Research.” European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, Vol.98, No.2: 175-212.

Berger, Allen, N. and Timothy H. Hannan. 1998. “The Efficiency Cost of Market Power in the Banking Industry: A Test of the “Quiet Life” And Related Hypotheses.” The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol.80, No.3: 454-465.

Berger, Allen N., Rebecca S. Demsetz and Philip E. Strahan. 1999. “The Consolidation of the Financial Services Industry: Causes, Consequences, and Implications for the Future.” Journal of Banking and Finance, Vol.23: 135-194.

Bikker, Jacob A., and Haaf Katharina. 2002. “Competition, Concentration and their Relationship: An Empirical Analysis of the Banking Industry.” Journal of Banking & Finance, Vol.26: 2191-2214.

Bikker, Jacob A. 2004. “Competition and Efficiency in a Unified European Banking Market.” Edward Elgar Publishing.

Cárdenas, J., J. P. Graf, and P. O.’Dogherty. 2003. “Foreign Bank Entry In Emerging Market Economies: A Host Country Perspective.” CGFS Working Group on FDI in the Financial Sector.

Casu, Barbara., and Claudia Girardone. 2007. “Does Competition Lead to Efficiency? The Case of EU Commercial Banks.” University of Essex Discussion Paper No.07-0, University of Essex.

Claessens, Stijn and Laeven, Luc. 2003. “What Drives Bank Competition? Some International Evidence.” Policy Research Working Paper Series 3113, World Bank.

Deloitte. 2005. The Changing Banking Landscape in Asia Pacific: A Report on Bank Consolidation. Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu.

Domanski, D. 2005. “Foreign Banks in Emerging Market Economies: Changing Players, Changing Issues.” BIS Quarterly Review.

Edwards, J. and Fischer, K. 1994. “Banks, Finance, and Investment in Germany.” Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Egli, D. and B. Rime. 1999. “The UBS-SBC Merger and Competition in the Swiss Retail Banking Sector.” Studienzentrum Gerzensee Working Paper No.00/02. December.

Eisenbeis, R.A. and Kaufman, G. 2005. ';Bank Crises Resolution and Foreign-Owned Banks.'; Economic Review, Vol.90, No.4. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.

Eichengreen, Barry, and Michael Mussa. 1998. ';Capital Account Liberalization - Theoretical and Practical Aspects.'; IMF Occasional Paper No.172. International Monetary Fund, Washington.

Eichengreen, Barry and Michael Mussa. 1998. “Capital Account Liberalization and the IMF.” Finance and Development, Vol.35, No.4.

European Central Bank. 2005. “Banking Structures in the New EU Member States.” Frankfurt. January.

Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. 2004. “Banking Consolidation.” FRBSF Economic Letter, No. 2004-15.

Gaston, R. Gelos and Jorge Roldos. 2002. “Consolidation and Market Structure in Emerging Market Banking Systems.” IMF Working Paper No.02/186. International Monetary Fund.

George, Clarke et al., .2002. “The Effects of Foreign Entry on Argentina’s Domestic Banking Sector.” World Bank, Washington.

Gerschenkron, and A. Gerschenkron. 1962. “Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays.” Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Goldberg, L. S., Crystal, J and Dages, B. G. 2002. “Has Foreign Bank Entry led to Sounder Banks in latin America?” Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Vol.8, No. 1.

Gourlay, Adrian, Ravishankar Geetha and Weyman-Jones Tom. 2006. “Non-Parametric Analysis of Efficiency Gains from Bank Mergers in India.” Discussion Paper Series, WP – 17. Loughborough University. UK.

Government of India. 1998. The Committee on Banking Sector Reforms (Chairman: M. Narasimham).

Gutiérrez, de Rozas, Luis. 2007. “Testing for Competition in the Spanish Banking Industry: The Panzar-Rosse Approach Revisited.” Banco de España Research Paper No. WP-0726. August.

Halperin, M. and Bell, S. J. 1992. “Research Guide to Corporate Acquisitions, Mergers, and Other Restructuring.” New York: Greenwood Press.

Hannan, Timothy H. 1997. “Market Share Inequality, the Number of Competitors, and the HHI.” Review of Industrial Organization, Vol.12: 23-35.
Hawkins, John and Dubravko Mihaljek. 2001. “The Banking Industry in the Emerging Market Economies: Competition, Consolidation and Systemic Stability – An Overview.” BIS Papers No.4.

Honohan, Patrick and Klingebiel, Daniela, 2000. ';Controlling The Fiscal Costs Of Banking Crises.'; Policy Research Working Paper Series 2441. The World Bank.

Huang, X., et al. 2008. “Assesing the Impact of Foreign Banks’ Entry into China’s Banking.” China Insights Today, Vol.1, No.1.

Huizinga, H.P., J.H.M. Nelissen and R. Vander Vennet. 2001. ‘‘Efficiency Effects of Bank Mergers and Acquisitions in Europe.’’ Discussion Paper No.088/03. Tinbergen Institute, Amsterdam.

Ignacio, Fuentes and Sastre Teresa. 1998. “Implications of Restructuring in the Banking Industry: The Case of Spain.” BIS Conference Papers, 7: 98-120.

Indian Banks’ Association. 2003. Banking Industry: Vision 2010 of the Indian Banks. Report.

Jalan, Bimal. 2002. ';India's Economy in the New Millennium: Selected Essays.'; UBS Publishers' Distributors Pvt Ltd.

Jones, Kenneth D. and Tim Critchfield. 2005. “Consolidation in the U.S. Banking Industry: Is the ‘Long, Strange Trip’ About to End?” Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Banking Review, Vol.17, No.4.

Joshi, Vijay and I. M.D. Little. 1996. India’s Economic Reforms: 1991-2001, Delhi: Oxford University Press,

Kang, Jun-Koo and Stulz, Rene M. 2000. ';Do Banking Shocks Affect Borrowing Firm Performance? An Analysis of the Japanese Experience.'; Journal of Business, Vol.73, No.1.

Krainer, J. 2000. “The Separation of Banking and Commerce.” FRBSF Economic Review 2000, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco: 15-25.

La Porta, R., F. Lopez-de-Silanes, and A. Shleifer. 2002. “Government Ownership of Banks.” Journal of Finance,Vol.57: 265-301.

Lahusen, Reinhard. 2004. “Bank Performance in Europe: Great Progress Through Consolidation - Except in Germany.” EU Monitor No.13, Financial Market Special. Deutsche Bank Research, June.

Leeladhar, V. 2008. “Consolidation in the Indian Financial Sector.” Adress at the International Banking & Finance Conference 2008 Organised by the Indian Merchants’ Chamber. Mumbai.

——. 2004. Report on Consolidation in Indian Banking System.

Mahesh, H. P. and Meenakshi Rajeev. 2006. “Liberalisation and Productive Efficiency of Indian Commercial Banks: A Stochastic Frontier Analysis.” MPRA Paper 827. University Library of Munich. Germany.

Mathieson, D. J. and Roldos, J. 2001. ';The Role of Foreign Banks in Emerging Markets.'; Prepared for 3rd Annual Financial Markets and Development Conference, The World Bank, International Monetary Fund, and Brookings Institution.

Megginson, William L. 2005. “The Economics of Bank Privatisation.” Journal of Banking & Finance, Vol.29: 1931-1980.

Mihaljek, Dubravko. 2006. “Privatisation, Consolidation and the Increased Role of Foreign Banks.” BIS Paper 28. August.

Mohan, Rakesh. 2004a. “Globalisation: The Role of Institution Building in the Financial Sector: The Indian Case.” RBI Bulletin. February.

——. 2004b. “Ownership and Governance in Private Sector Banks in India.” RBI Bulletin, October.

 ——. 2006. “Reforms, Productivity and Efficiency in Banking: the Indian Experience.” RBI Bulletin, March.

Nitsure, Rupa Rege. 2008. “Consolidation of Banks: Some Thoughts.” Presentation at Financial Sector Seminar Series, ICRIER on April 8.

Northcott, C. A. 2004. “Competition in Banking: A Review of the Literature.” Bank of Canada Working Paper No. 24.

Panzar, J. and J. Rosse. 1987. “Testing for Monopoly Equilibrium.” Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol.35: 443-56.

Petersen, M. A and R. G. Rajan. 1995. “The Effect of Credit Market Competition on Lending Relationships.”Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol.110 : 407–443.

Prager, and Hannan. 1998. “The Relaxation of Entry Barriers in the Banking Industry: An Empirical Investigation.” Journal of Financial Services Research, Vol.14, No.3: 171-188.

Prager, Robin A. and Hannan, Timothy H. 1998. “Do Substantial Horizontal Mergers Generate Significant Price Effects? Evidence from the Banking Industry.” Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol.46, No.4: 433-52, December.

Prasad, A. and Saibal Ghosh. 2005. “Competition in Indian Banking.” IMF Working Paper No. WP/05/141.

Radecki, L. J., J. Wenniger and D.K. Orlow. 1997. “Industry Structure: Electronic Delivery’s Potential Effects on Retail Banking.” Journal of Retail Banking Services, Vol.19, No.4: 57-63.

Radecki, L. J. 1998. “The Expanding Geographic Reach of Retail Banking Markets.” Economic Policy Review, Vol.4, No.2, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

Rajan, R.G. and Zingales, L. 1998. ';Financial Dependence and Growth.'; American Economic Review, Vol.88, No.3.

Ram Mohan, T. T. 2002. “Deregulation and Performance of Public Sector Banks.” Economic and Political Weekly,Vol.37, No.5: 393-397.

——. 2004. “Consolidation of Banks: A Case of Misplaced Priorities.” Economic and Political Weekly, Vol.39, No.50: 5283-87.

——. 2005. “Bank Consolidation: Issues and Evidence.” Economic and Political Weekly, Vol.40, No.2: 1151-1159.

Ram Mohan, T. T. and S. Ray. 2004. “Productivity Growth and Efficiency in Indian Banking: A Comparison of Public, Private, and Foreign Banks.” Department of Economics Working Paper No.2004-27, University of Connecticut.

Ram Mohan, T. T. and S. Ray. 2004. “Comparing Performance of Public and Private Sector Banks: A Revenue Maximisation Approach.” Economic and Political Weekly, Vol.39, No.12: 1271-75.

Rangarajan, C. 2007. “The Indian Banking System - Challenges Ahead”. First R. K. Talwar Memorial Lecture at Indian Institute of Banking and Finance on July 31, 2007.

Reserve Bank of India. 1991. Committee on Financial System (Chairman: M. Narasimham).

Reddy, Y. V. 1992. ';Privatisation and Financial Sector: Ownership, Competition and Efficiency.'; Paper Presented at the Bank Economists' Conference.

——. 2000. ';Banking in Future: Flexibility, Autonomy and Regulatory Refocus.'; Valedictory Address at Conference of Chairmen of Banks at NIBM, Pune.

——. 2002. “Public Sector Banks and the Governance Challenge: Indian Experience.” Paper presented at the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, and Brookings Institution Conference on Financial Sector Governance: The Role of the Public and Private Sectors on April 18, 2002 at New York.

——. 2004. “Towards Globalization in the Financial Sector in India.” RBI Bulletin, January.

Reserve Bank of India. 1999. The Working Group on Restructuring of Weak Public Sector Banks (Chairman: M. S. Verma).

——. 2004. Flow of Credit to Agriculture and Related Activities. Advisory Committee Report.

——. 2005. Report of the Internal Working Group on RRBs.

——. 2007. Report on Trend and Progress of Banking in India, 2006-07.

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Sarkar, Jayati, Subrata Sarkar and Suman Bhaumik. 1998. “Does Ownership Always Matter? – Evidence from the Indian Banking Industry.” Journal of Comparative Economics, Vol.26, No.2: 262-81.

Sapienza, P. 1998. “The Effects of Banking Mergers on Loan Contracts.” Northwestern University working Paper.

Sharpe, S.A. 1990. “Asymmetric Information, Bank Lending and Implicit Contracts a Stylised Model of Customer Relationships.” Journal of Finance, Vol.45: 1069–1087.

Shull, Bernard and Hanweck, Gerald A. 2001. Bank Mergers in a Deregulated Environment: Promise and Peril, Quorum Books. USA.

Simons, K. and J. Stavins. 1998.“Has Antitrust Policy in Banking Become Obsolete?” Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, New England Economic Review (March-April), 13-26.

Talwar, S.P. 2001. “Competition, Consolidation and Systemic Stability in the Indian Banking Industry.” BIS Papers, August.

Timothy, H. Hannan & J. Nellie Liang. 1991. “Inferring Market Power from Time-series Data: The Case of the Banking Firm.” Finance and Economics Discussion Series 147, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. (U.S.).

Udeshi, Kishori J. 2004. “Issues in Bank Regulation and Supervision.” BIS Review 50/2004.

Vander, Vennet R. 2002. “Cost and Profit Efficiency of Financial Conglomerates and Universal Banks in Europe.” Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Vol.34, No.1: 254-282.

Vyas, V. S. 2004. Report on the Flow of Credit to Agriculture and Related Activities. June.

Wilmarth, Jr. Arthur E. 2007. “Wal-Mart and the Separation of Banking and Commerce.” Connecticut Law Review, Vol. 39. May.

World Bank. 2005. World Development Report: A Better Investment Climate for Everyone. World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Yeyati, Eduardo Levy and Micco, Alejandro. 2007. “Concentration and Foreign Penetration in Latin American Banking Sectors: Impact on Competition and Risk.” Journal of Banking & Finance, Vol.31, No.6: 1633-1647.

Yildirim, H. Semih and Philippatos, George C. 2007. “Restructuring, Consolidation and Competition in Latin American Banking Markets.” Journal of Banking & Finance, Vol.31, No.3: 629-639. March.

Yuan, Y. 2006. “The State of Competition of the Chinese Banking Industry.” Journal of Asian Economies, Vol.17: 519–534.

IX. PRODUCTIVITY EFFICIENCY AND SOUNDNESS OF THE BANKING SECTOR IN INDIA

Aly, H.Y., R. Grabowski, C. Pasurka, and N. Rangan. 1990. “Technical, Scale and Allocative Efficiencies in U.S. Banking: An Empirical Investigation.” Review of Economics and Statistics, 72(2): 211-218.

Banker, R. D., A. Charnes and W. W. Cooper. 1984. “Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis.” Management Science, 30(9): 1078-1092.

Barr, R., and T. Siems. 1996. “Bank Failure Prediction using DEA to Measure Management Quality.” Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas Working Paper.

Bell, F. W. and N. B. Murphy. 1968. “Ecomices of Scale and Division of Labour in Commercial Banking.” Southern Economic Journal, 131-139. October.

Berger, A. N., D. Hancock, and D. B. Humphrey. 1993. “Bank Efficiency derived from the profit function.” Journal of Banking and Finance, 17: 317-47.

Berger, A. N., and D. B. Humphrey. 1997. “Efficiency of Financial Institutions: International Survey and Directions for Future Research.” European Journal of Operational Research, 98:175-212.

Berger, A. N., and R. de Young. 1997. “Problem Loans and Cost Efficiency in Commercial Banks.” Federal Reserve Board Finance and Economics Discusion Series 8.

Berger, A. N., and L.J. Mester. 1997. “Inside the Black Box : What Explains Differences in the Efficiencies of Financial Institutions.” Journal of Banking and Finance, 21(7): 895-947.

Bhattacharya, Anjana, Arunava Bhattacharya and Subal C. Kumbhakar. 1997. “Changes in Economic Regime and Productivity Growth: A Study of Indian Public Sector Banks.” Journal of Comparative Economics, 25(2):196-219 .

Bhide, M. G., A. Prasad and S. Ghosh. 2002. “Banking Sector Reforms: A Critical Overview.” Economic and Political Weekly, 37(5): 399-408.

Bikker, J. A. 2002. Efficiency and Cost Differences Across Countries in a Unified European Banking Market. De Nederlandsche Bank.

Casolaro, L., and G. Gobbi. 2004. “Information Technology and Productivity Changes in the Italian Banking Industry.” Banca D’Italia, March.

Casu, Barbara, Claudia Girardone, and Philip Molyneux. 2002. “Productivity Change in European Banking : A Comparison of Parametric and Non-Parametric Approaches.” Journal of Banking and Finance, 25(2): 196-219.

Chandra, Prasanna. 2004. Financial Management: Theory and Practice, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi.

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Das, A., A. Nag and S. C. Ray. 2005. “Liberalisation, Ownership and Efficiency in Indian Banking : A Nonparametric Analysis.” Economic and Political Weekly, 40(12): 1190-1197.

Das, A., and S. Ghosh. 2006. “Financial Deregulation and Efficiency: An Empirical Analysis of Indian Banks during the Post Reform Period.” Review of Financial Economics, 15:193-221.

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Ghosh, C. R. et al. 2004. “Strategic Models for Repositioning of Public Sector Banks – Creating Global Winner.” Bancon.

Goddard, J. A., P. Molyneux, and J.O.S. Wilson. 2001. European Banking – Efficiency, Technology and Growth. Wiley Finance, UK.

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Greenbaum, S. I. 1967. “A Study of Bank Cost.” National Banking Review, 4 (June): 415-434.

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Isik, I., and M. Hassan. 2003. “Financial Deregulation and Total Factor Productivity Change: An Emperical Study of Turkish Commercial Banks.” Journal of Banking and Finance, 27(8): 1455-1485.

Kaparkis, E. I., S. M. Miller and A. G. Noulas. 1994. “Short-run Cost Inefficiency of Commercial Banks: A Flexible Stochastic Frontier Approach.” Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 26: 875-93.

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Mathur, K. B. L. 2005. “Market Orientation of Financial Sector.” Economic and Political Weekly, March 19:1136-1140.

Mohan, Rakesh. 2005. “Financial Sector Reforms in India.” Economic and Political Weekly, March 19.

——. 2006a. “Reforms, Productivity and Efficiency in Banking: The Indian Experience.” RBI Bulletin, February.

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Reddy, Y. V. 2002. “Monetary and Financial Sector Reforms in India: A Practitioner’s Perspective.” Presentation at the Indian Economy Conference, Cornell University, USA.

——. 2006. “Importance of Productivity in India.” RBI Bulletin, January.

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X. REGULATORY AND SUPERVISORY CHALLENGES IN BANKING

Abrams, K. Richard and Michael W. Taylor. 2000. “Issues in the Unification of Financial Sector Supervision.” IMF Working Paper, WP/00/213. December.

Adrian, Tobias and Hyun Song Shin. 2008. “Financial Intermediaries, Financial Stability and Monetary Policy.” Paper for the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City Symposium on ';Maintaining Stability in a Changing Financial System';, August 21-23.

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——. 1997. Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision. Basle Committee on Banking Supervision, Publication 30.

——. 1998. Enhancing Bank Transparency. Basle Committee on Banking Supervision, Publication 41.

——. 2002. Over-view Paper for the Impact Study. Basle Committee on Banking Supervision.

——. 2003a. Management and Supervision of Cross-Border Electronic Banking Activities.

——. 2003b. Risk Management Principles for Electronic Banking. July.

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Barth, James R., Caprio Jr., G., and Ross Levine. 2001. “Banking Systems around the Globe: Do Regulations and Ownership affect Performance and Stability?.” in Prudential Supervision: What Works and What Doesn’t? 31–88. (ed.) F.S. Mishkin, University of Chicago Press.

——. 2006. Rethinking Bank Regulation: Till Angels Govern. New York: Cambridge University Press. Barth, James R., Rob Koepp and Zhongfei Zhou. 2004. “Institute View: Disciplining China’s Banks.” Milken Institute Review: Journal of Economic Policy, 2nd Quarter, 83-92.

Benston, G. J. 2000. “Is Government Regulation of Banks Necessary?.” Journal of Financial Services Research, 18(2-3).

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——. 1996. “The Appropriate Role of Bank Regulation.” The Economic Journal, 106(436): 688-697.

Berger, A.N., Hancock, D. and Humphrey, D.B. 1993. Bank Efficiency Derived from the Profit Function.Journal of Banking and Finance, 17: 317-47.

Berger, A.N., William Hunter, and Stephen Timme. 1993. “The Efficiency of Financial Institutions: A Review and Preview of Research Past, Present, and Future.” Journal of Banking and Finance, 17: 221-249.

Berger, A.N., and Gregory Udell. 1996. “Universal Banking and the Future of Small Business Lending.” in Universal Banking: Financial System Design Reconsidered (eds.) I. Walter and A. Saunders, 559-627, Chicago.

Berger, A.N., Richard J.Herring, and Giorgio P.Szego. 1995. “The Role of Capital in Financial Institutions.” Journal of Banking and Finance, 19: 257-276.

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Blinder, Alan S., and Robert F, Wescott. 2001. Reform of Deposit Insurance: A Report to the FDIC. March.

Blum, J.M. 2002. “Sub-ordinated Debt, Market Discipline, and Banks’ Risk Taking.” Journal of Banking and Finance, 26(7): 1427–1441.

Board of Governers of the Federal Reserve System. 1999. Using Subordinated Debt as an Instrument of Market Discipline. Study Group on Subordinated Notes and Debentures, December.

Boot, Arnoud W.A. and Anjan V. Thakor. 1993. “Self-Interested Bank Regulation.” The American Economic Review, 83(2): 206-212.

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Calomiris, Charles W. 1993. “Financial Factors in the Great Depression.” The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 7(2) (Spring): 61-85.

——. 1999. “Building an Incentive-compatible Safety Net.” Journal of Banking & Finance, 23: 1499-1519.

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Caprio, Levine and Barth. 2004. “Bank Regulation and Supervision: What Works Best.” Journal of Financial Intermediation, 12: 205-248.

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——. 1996. “The Case for Financial Laissez-Faire.” The Economic Journal, 106(436): 679-687.

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Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco (FRBSF) Economic Letter. 2002. “The Promise and Limits of Market Discipline in Banking”. No. 36, December 13.

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——. 2000a. “Whither Central Banking?.” 11th C. D. Deshmukh Memorial Lecture, Reserve Bank of India, December, Mumbai.

——. 2000b. “The Organisational Structure of Banking Supervision.” Occasional Paper No. 1, Basel, Switzerland, FSI, November.

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——. 1995. “Should the Functions of Monetary Policy and Banking Supervision be separated?.” Oxford Economic Papers, 47: 539-560.

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——. 1990. The S&L Insurance Mess: How Did It Happen?. Urban Institute Press, Washington DC.

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Martinez-Peria, Maria Soledad and Sergio Schmukler. 2001. “Do Depositors Punish Banks for ‘Bad Behaviour? Market Discipline, Deposit Insurance and Banking Crises.” The Journal of Finance, 56 (3): 1029-1051.

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——. 1995. A Conceptual Framework for Analyzing the Financial Environment, The Global Financial System - A Functional Perspective. Harvard Business School Press.

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——. 2007. “India’s Financial Sector Reforms: Fostering Growth While Containing Risk.” RBI Bulletin, December.

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——. 2001. Internet Banking in India – Guidelines. June.

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——. 2005b. Internet Banking in India – Guidelines. July.

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