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Date : Sep 15, 2018
Table 152 : India's External Debt - US Dollar (End - March)
(US $ million)
Item 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
I. Multilateral 31438 31105 31899 29994 29297 31744 32620 35337 39490 39538
A. Government Borrowing 27584 27414 28290 27271 26826 29204 29996 32514 36171 35724
i) Concessional 19269 19080 19713 21560 22674 24023 23731 24876 26859 25080
a) IDA 18964 18811 19440 21258 22356 23693 23418 24548 26497 24757
b) Others 305 269 273 302 318 330 313 328 362 323
ii) Non-concessional 8315 8334 8577 5711 4152 5181 6265 7638 9312 10644
a) IBRD 5810 5654 5742 4009 3144 3771 4400 5015 5660 5878
b) Others 2505 2680 2835 1702 1008 1410 1865 2623 3652 4766
B. Non-Government Borrowing 3854 3691 3609 2723 2471 2540 2624 2823 3319 3814
i) Concessional 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Non-concessional 3854 3691 3609 2723 2471 2540 2624 2823 3319 3814
a) Public Sector 2793 2655 2609 1945 1770 1828 1908 2136 2589 2807
IBRD 1589 1525 1496 920 984 1020 1030 1043 1173 1395
Others 1204 1130 1113 1025 786 808 878 1093 1416 1412
b) Financial Institution 710 722 766 668 651 637 589 554 587 730
IBRD 229 218 215 110 85 58 141 150 148 146
Others 481 504 551 558 566 579 448 404 439 584
c) Private Sector 351 314 234 110 50 75 127 133 143 277
IBRD 269 246 190 63 0 0 0 0 0 0
Others 82 68 44 47 50 75 127 133 143 277
II. Bilateral 18175 15975 15323 16802 17277 17034 15761 16065 19708 20610
A. Government Borrowing 13966 12176 11540 12664 12987 13132 12239 12344 14853 14655
i) Concessional 13613 11898 11359 12547 12900 13074 12211 12344 14853 14655
ii) Non-concessional 353 278 181 117 87 58 28 0 0 0
B. Non-government borrowing 4209 3799 3783 4138 4290 3902 3522 3721 4855 5955
i) Concessional 922 1196 1411 1685 1983 1708 1558 396 435 641
a) Public Sector 341 635 877 1083 1287 1292 1185 285 307 227
b) Financial Institution 581 561 534 602 696 416 373 111 128 414
c) Private Sector 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Non-concessional 3287 2603 2372 2453 2307 2194 1964 3325 4420 5314
a) Public Sector 1089 797 988 1076 1110 995 813 1702 2525 2959
b) Financial Institutions 952 765 760 751 710 650 535 878 934 846
c) Private Sector 1246 1041 624 626 487 549 616 745 961 1509
III. International Monetary Fund 26 0 0 0 1008 1029 981 1029 1120 1018
IV. Trade Credit 6780 5923 5368 4995 4697 5022 5420 7165 10328 14481
a) Buyers Credit 4297 3717 3311 2823 2546 2980 3607 5417 8287 12572
b) Suppliers credit 1280 1158 1069 1081 1029 905 751 675 750 635
c) Export credit component of bilateral credit 1184 1035 988 1091 1122 1137 1062 1073 1291 1274
d) Export credit for defence purpose 19 13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(Continued)

TABLE 152 : INDIA'S EXTERNAL DEBT - US DOLLAR (End - March) (Contd.)
(US $ million)
Item 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
V. Commercial borrowing 19943 24408 23320 22472 22007 26405 26452 41443 62334 62461
a) Commercial bank loans 10094 9899 9962 9870 11588 14375 16479 24577 40159 43169
b) Securitized borrowings (inclu. IDBs and FCCBs ) 9073 13887 12851 12093 9568 11197 9217 15603 20668 17918
c) Loans/Securitized borrowings, etc. with multilateral/bilateral guarantee and IFC(W) 750 622 507 509 851 833 756 1263 1507 1374
d) Self liquidating loans 26 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
VI. NRI & FC(B&O) deposits 13559 16568 17154 23160 31216 32743 36282 41240 43672 41554
VII. Rupee debt. 4406 3719 3034 2822 2720 2302 2059 1951 2017 1523
a) Defence 3964 3339 2704 2515 2426 2031 1819 1728 1794 1361
b) Civilian 442 380 330 307 294 271 240 223 223 162
VIII. Total long-term debt (I to VII) 94327 97698 96098 100245 108222 116279 119575 144230 178669 181185
IX. Short-term debt 3936 3628 2745 4669 4431 17723 19539 28130 45738 43313
a) NRI deposits (up to 1 year maturity) 1372 957 968 1962 304 0 0 0 0 0
c) Trade related Credits 2564 2671 1777 2707 4127 16271 19399 25979 41901 39915
1) 6 Months and above up to 1 year 2564 2671 1777 2707 4127 7529 8696 11971 22884 23346
2) Up to 6 months 0 0 0 0 0 8742 10703 14008 19017 16569
d) FII Investments on Govt. T Bills and other instruments 0 0 0 0 0 1452 140 397 651 2065
e) Investments in Treasury Bills by Foreign Central Banks and International Institutions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 164 155 105
f) External Debt Liabilities of (i+ii) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1590 3031 1228
i) Central Bank 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 501 1115 764
ii) Commercial Bank 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1089 1916 464
X. Gross Total Debt 98263 101326 98843 104914 112653 134002 139114 172360 224407 224498
Concessional Debt as % of Total Debt 38.9 35.4 35.9 36.8 35.8 30.7 28.4 23.0 19.7 18.7
Short Term Debt as % of Total Debt 4.0 3.6 2.8 4.5 3.9 13.2 14.0 16.3 20.4 19.3
Debt Stock- GDP Ratio (%) 22.0 22.5 21.1 20.3 18.0 18.1 16.8 17.5 18.0 20.3
Debt Service Ratio (%) 17.1 16.6 13.7 16.0 16.1 5.9 10.1 4.7 4.8 4.4
(Continued)

TABLE 152 : INDIA'S EXTERNAL DEBT - US DOLLAR (End-March) (Contd.)
(US $ million)
Item 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
I. Multilateral 42857 48475 50453 51590 53418 52391 54000 54502 57267
A. Government Borrowing 37825 42579 43686 43539 44598 43015 44170 44356 46906
i) Concessional 25711 26992 27221 26443 27173 24679 25005 24117 25257
a) IDA 25380 26637 26853 26071 26770 24294 24595 23705 24790
b) Others 331 355 368 372 403 385 411 412 467
ii) Non-concessional 12114 15587 16465 17096 17425 18336 19165 20238 21650
a) IBRD 6397 8774 8897 8912 8876 9117 9244 9335 9495
b) Others 5717 6813 7568 8184 8549 9219 9921 10903 12155
B. Non-Government Borrowing 5032 5896 6767 8051 8820 9376 9829 10146 10361
i) Concessional 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Non-concessional 5032 5896 6767 8051 8820 9376 9829 10146 10361
a) Public Sector 3305 3536 3808 4324 4669 5010 5319 4944 5192
IBRD 1893 2057 2177 2355 2394 2502 2554 2558 2608
Others 1412 1479 1631 1969 2275 2508 2765 2386 2583
b) Financial Institution 1193 1681 2018 2650 3139 3492 3791 4603 4686
IBRD 298 425 531 549 635 592 899 1120 1142
Others 895 1256 1487 2101 2504 2900 2892 3484 3544
c) Private Sector 534 679 941 1077 1012 874 719 599 483
IBRD 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Others 534 679 941 1077 1012 874 719 599 483
II. Bilateral 22593 25712 26884 25158 24727 21726 22448 23210 25337
A. Government Borrowing 15860 17988 17986 16259 16099 14121 15457 16887 19857
i) Concessional 15860 17988 17986 16259 16099 14121 15457 16887 19857
ii) Non-concessional 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
B. Non-government borrowing 6733 7724 8897 8899 8628 7605 6991 6323 5479
i) Concessional 702 918 1501 1558 1714 1610 1786 1845 1964
a) Public Sector 248 363 974 1093 1290 1205 1359 1040 1168
b) Financial Institution 454 555 527 465 424 405 427 805 796
c) Private Sector 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Non-concessional 6031 6806 7396 7341 6914 5995 5205 4478 3515
a) Public Sector 3072 3087 2781 2397 2223 1846 1646 1459 1312
b) Financial Institutions 761 840 762 776 724 531 455 488 386
c) Private Sector 2198 2879 3853 4168 3967 3618 3105 2531 1817
III. International Monetary Fund 6041 6308 6163 5964 6149 5488 5605 5410 5784
IV. Trade Credit 16841 18647 18990 17760 15518 12608 10548 9609 9450
a) Buyers Credit 14811 16437 16790 15567 13323 10546 8286 7201 6684
b) Suppliers credit 651 646 636 779 795 834 918 940 1039
c) Export credit component of bilateral credit 1379 1564 1564 1414 1400 1228 1344 1468 1727
d) Export credit for defence purpose 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(Continued)

TABLE 152 : INDIA'S EXTERNAL DEBT - US DOLLAR (End-March) (Concld.)
(US $ million)
Item 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
V. Commercial borrowing 70726 100476 120136 140125 149375 180295 180480 172358 202268
a) Commercial bank loans 44832 58643 72946 83555 96946 101492 97585 87754 85080
b) Securitized borrowings (inclu. IDBs and FCCBs ) 25075 41100 46686 56274 52149 78426 82533 84249 116849
c) Loans/Securitized borrowings, etc. with multilateral/bilateral guarantee and IFC(W) 819 733 504 296 280 377 362 355 339
d) Self liquidating loans 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
VI. NRI & FC(B&O) deposits 47890 51682 58608 70822 103844 115163 126929 116867 126182
VII. Rupee debt. 1658 1601 1354 1258 1468 1506 1278 1228 1213
a) Defence 1487 1437 1216 1133 1361 1407 1189 1141 1130
b) Civilian 171 164 138 125 107 99 89 87 83
VIII. Total long-term debt (I to VII) 208606 252901 282587 312677 354500 389177 401287 383184 427500
IX. Short-term debt 52329 64990 78179 96697 91678 85499 83504 88124 102173
a) NRI deposits (up to 1 year maturity) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
c) Trade related Credits 47473 58463 65130 86787 81743 81631 80022 86489 100389
1) 6 Months and above up to 1 year 28003 35347 39182 59021 54992 53405 51208 56155 66297
2) Up to 6 months 19470 23116 25948 27766 26751 28226 28814 30333 34091
d) FII Investments on Govt. T Bills and other instruments 3357 5424 9395 5455 5605 1167 20 40 89
e) Investments in Treasury Bills by Foreign Central Banks and International Institutions 103 50 64 82 95 114 238 243 275
f) External Debt Liabilities of (i+ii) 1396 1053 3590 4373 4235 2586 3225 1352 1420
i) Central Bank 695 155 170 181 148 150 180 243 274
ii) Commercial Bank 701 898 3420 4192 4087 2436 3045 1110 1146
X. Gross Total Debt 260935 317891 360766 409374 446178 474675 484791 471308 529673
Concessional Debt as % of Total Debt 16.8 14.9 13.3 11.1 10.4 8.8 9.0 9.4 9.1
Short Term Debt as % of Total Debt 20.1 20.4 21.7 23.6 20.5 18.0 17.2 18.7 19.3
Debt Stock- GDP Ratio (%) 18.2 18.2 21.1 22.4 23.9 23.9 23.4 20.0 20.5
Debt Service Ratio (%) 5.8 4.4 6.0 5.9 5.9 7.6 8.8 8.3 7.5
IDBs : India Development Bonds
FCCBs : Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds
IFC(W) : International Finance Corporation (Washington)
FC(B&O) : Foreign Currency (Banks & Others) Deposits
Notes : 1. Other concessional multilateral Government borrowing refers to debt outstanding to Institutions like IFAD, OPEC & EEC (SAC).
2. Multilateral non-concessional Government/ public sector/ financial institutions other borrowings refers to debt outstanding against loans from ADB.
3. Securitised commercial borrowings (inclu. IDBs and FCCBs) includes net Investment by 100% Fll debt funds, Resurgent India Bonds (RIBs) and India Millennium Deposits (IMDs).
4. Rupee debt refers to debt owed to Russia denominated in Rupees and converted at current exchange rates, payable in exports.
5. Civilian's rupee debt includes supplier’s credit from end-March 1990 onwards.
6. Short-term debt does not include suppliers’ credit of up to180 days from 1998 till 2004.
7. Multilateral loans do not include revaluation of IBRD pooled loans and exchange rate adjustment under IDA loans for Pre-1971 credits.
8. Debt service ratio from the year 1998 includes the revised private transfer contra-entry on account of gold and silver imports.
Source :Ministry of Finance, Government of India and Reserve Bank of India.

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