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Date : Sep 15, 2018
Table 153 : India’s External Debt - Rupees (End-March)
(₹ Billion)
Item 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
I. Multilateral 1371.32 1451.05 1556.33 1426.83 1311.05 1388.97 1455.03 1540.53 1579.01 2014.25
A. Government Borrowing 1203.21 1278.86 1380.23 1297.27 1200.73 1277.82 1338.00 1417.46 1446.27 1819.97
i) Concessional 840.51 890.08 961.77 1025.59 1014.90 1051.14 1058.52 1084.48 1073.95 1277.71
a) IDA 827.21 877.53 948.48 1011.22 1000.65 1036.71 1044.57 1070.19 1059.47 1261.27
b) Others 13.30 12.55 13.29 14.37 14.25 14.43 13.95 14.29 14.48 16.44
ii) Non-concessional 362.70 388.78 418.46 271.68 185.83 226.68 279.48 332.98 372.32 542.26
a) IBRD 253.43 263.76 280.12 190.69 140.74 165.00 196.26 218.64 226.31 299.48
b) Others 109.27 125.02 138.34 80.99 45.09 61.68 83.22 114.34 146.01 242.78
B. Non-Government Borrowing 168.11 172.19 176.10 129.56 110.32 111.15 117.03 123.07 132.74 194.28
i) Concessional 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ii) Non-concessional 168.11 172.19 176.10 129.56 110.32 111.15 117.03 123.07 132.74 194.28
a) Public Sector 121.83 123.86 127.29 92.55 79.16 80.00 85.10 93.15 103.52 142.98
IBRD 69.31 71.14 72.98 43.78 44.02 44.62 45.94 45.50 46.90 71.05
Others 52.52 52.72 54.31 48.77 35.14 35.38 39.16 47.65 56.62 71.93
b) Financial Institutions 30.99 33.68 37.36 31.77 29.02 27.89 26.28 24.14 23.50 37.21
IBRD 9.99 10.17 10.49 5.25 3.81 2.52 6.30 6.55 5.93 7.44
Others 21.00 23.51 26.87 26.52 25.21 25.37 19.98 17.59 17.57 29.77
c) Private Sector 15.29 14.65 11.45 5.24 2.14 3.26 5.65 5.78 5.72 14.09
IBRD 11.73 11.48 9.29 2.98 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Others 3.56 3.17 2.16 2.26 2.14 3.26 5.65 5.78 5.72 14.09
II. Bilateral 792.78 745.19 747.62 799.21 770.84 745.30 703.02 700.34 788.02 1049.97
A. Government Borrowing 609.20 568.02 563.02 602.43 581.21 574.58 545.93 538.10 593.91 746.62
i) Concessional 593.80 555.04 554.18 596.88 577.42 572.07 544.68 538.10 593.91 746.62
ii) Non-concessional 15.40 12.98 8.84 5.55 3.79 2.51 1.25 0.00 0.00 0.00
B. Non-Government Borrowing 183.58 177.17 184.60 196.78 189.63 170.72 157.09 162.24 194.11 303.35
i) Concessional 40.22 55.79 68.85 80.13 88.76 74.71 69.49 17.27 17.37 32.62
a) Public Sector 14.88 29.62 42.78 51.52 57.59 56.53 52.85 12.41 12.26 11.56
b) Financial Institutions 25.34 26.17 26.07 28.61 31.17 18.18 16.64 4.86 5.11 21.06
c) Private Sector 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ii) Non-concessional 143.36 121.38 115.75 116.65 100.87 96.01 87.60 144.97 176.74 270.73
a) Public Sector 47.52 37.15 48.22 51.16 48.51 43.53 36.28 74.20 100.97 150.76
b) Financial Institutions 41.51 35.68 37.08 35.71 31.19 28.47 23.86 38.28 37.35 43.11
c) Private Sector 54.33 48.55 30.45 29.78 21.17 24.01 27.46 32.49 38.42 76.86
III. International Monetary Fund 1.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 43.81 45.03 43.78 44.84 44.79 51.88
IV. Trade Credit 295.64 276.25 261.10 237.50 205.53 219.76 241.75 312.37 412.96 737.72
a) Buyers Credit 187.34 173.36 161.47 134.21 110.61 130.40 160.88 236.17 331.34 640.46
b) Suppliers Credit 55.82 54.01 51.44 51.39 44.71 39.61 33.51 29.41 29.98 32.34
c) Export Credit Component of Bilateral Credit 51.65 48.28 48.19 51.90 50.21 49.75 47.36 46.79 51.64 64.92
d) Export Credit for Defence Purpose 0.83 0.60 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
(Continued)

TABLE 153 : INDIA’S EXTERNAL DEBT - RUPEES
(End-March) (Contd.)
(₹ Billion)
Item 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
V. Commercial Borrowing 869.63 1138.39 1139.08 1068.43 956.11 1155.33 1179.91 1806.69 2492.43 3182.09
a) Commercial Bank Loans 440.15 461.69 486.83 469.29 503.46 628.96 735.08 1071.45 1605.77 2199.25
b) Securitized Borrowings (inclu. IDBs and FCCBs) 395.64 647.69 627.14 574.95 415.67 489.92 411.12 680.20 826.41 912.86
c) Loans/Securitized Borrowings etc. with Multilateral/Bilateral Guarantee and IFC(W) 32.71 29.01 25.11 24.19 36.98 36.45 33.71 55.04 60.25 69.98
d) Self Liquidating Loans 1.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
VI. NRI & FC(B&O) Deposits 591.20 772.73 837.12 1100.22 1356.18 1432.67 1618.34 1797.86 1746.23 2101.18
VII. Rupee Debt 192.18 173.45 148.07 134.05 118.56 100.71 91.84 85.08 80.65 77.60
a) Defence 172.90 155.73 131.98 119.46 105.39 88.87 81.12 75.33 71.72 69.35
b) Civilian 19.28 17.72 16.09 14.59 13.17 11.84 10.72 9.75 8.93 8.25
VIII. Total Long-term Debt (I to VII) 4113.88 4557.06 4689.32 4766.24 4762.08 5087.77 5333.67 6287.71 7144.09 9214.69
IX. Short-term Debt 171.62 169.19 133.96 221.80 192.51 775.28 871.55 1226.31 1828.81 2206.56
a) NRI Deposits (up to 1 year maturity) 59.83 44.63 47.24 93.20 13.21 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
c) Trade related credits 111.79 124.56 86.72 128.60 179.30 711.73 865.31 1132.56 1675.40 2033.45
1) Up to 6 Months 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 382.51 477.43 610.68 760.38 844.09
2) 6 Months and Above up to 1 Year 111.79 124.56 86.72 128.60 179.30 329.22 387.88 521.88 915.02 1189.36
d) FII Investments in Govt. T Bills and Other Instruments 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 63.55 6.24 17.32 26.03 105.22
e) Investments in Treasury Bills by Foreign Central Banks and International Institutions 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 7.12 6.20 5.34
f) External Debt Liabilities of (i+ii) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 69.31 121.18 62.55
i) Central Bank 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 21.85 44.58 38.92
ii) Commercial Bank 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 47.46 76.60 23.63
X. Gross Total Debt 4285.50 4726.25 4823.28 4988.04 4954.59 5863.05 6205.22 7514.02 8972.90 11421.25
Concessional Debt as % of Total Debt 38.9 35.4 35.9 36.8 35.8 30.7 28.4 23.0 19.7 18.7
Short-term Debt as % of Total Debt 4.0 3.6 2.8 4.5 3.9 13.2 14.0 16.3 20.4 19.3
Debt Stock- GDP Ratio (%) 22.0 22.5 21.1 20.3 18.0 18.1 16.8 17.5 18.0 20.3
Debt Service Ratio (%) 17.1 16.6 13.7 16.0 16.1 5.9 10.1 4.7 4.8 4.4
(Continued)

TABLE 153 : INDIA’S EXTERNAL DEBT - RUPEES
(End-March) (Contd.)
(₹ Billion)
Item 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
I. Multilateral 1934.36 2166.72 2570.88 2793.10 3215.60 3281.48 3594.90 3541.34 3719.04
A. Government Borrowing 1707.22 1903.26 2225.79 2356.70 2684.91 2694.31 2941.22 2882.46 3045.88
i) Concessional 1160.46 1206.53 1386.91 1431.30 1635.89 1545.81 1665.06 1567.26 1640.05
a) IDA 1145.52 1190.68 1368.16 1411.19 1611.65 1521.71 1637.72 1540.50 1609.72
b) Others 14.94 15.85 18.75 20.11 24.24 24.10 27.34 26.76 30.32
ii) Non-concessional 546.76 696.73 838.88 925.40 1049.02 1148.50 1276.16 1315.19 1405.84
a) IBRD 288.74 392.18 453.28 482.39 534.33 571.07 615.53 606.67 616.53
b) Others 258.02 304.55 385.60 443.01 514.69 577.43 660.63 708.52 789.30
B. Non-Government Borrowing 227.14 263.46 345.09 436.40 530.69 587.17 653.68 658.88 673.15
i) Concessional 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ii) Non-concessional 227.14 263.46 345.09 436.40 530.69 587.17 653.68 658.88 673.15
a) Public Sector 149.19 158.02 194.07 234.14 281.05 313.85 354.09 321.23 337.15
IBRD 85.44 91.93 110.92 127.49 144.12 156.74 170.05 166.25 169.35
Others 63.75 66.09 83.15 106.64 136.93 157.11 184.04 154.98 167.80
b) Financial Institutions 53.85 75.11 102.90 143.70 188.81 218.59 251.90 298.83 304.56
IBRD 13.43 18.99 27.07 29.73 38.20 37.09 59.84 72.76 74.18
Others 40.42 56.12 75.83 113.97 150.61 181.50 192.06 226.07 230.37
c) Private Sector 24.10 30.33 48.12 58.56 60.83 54.73 47.69 38.82 31.44
IBRD 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Others 24.10 30.33 48.12 58.56 60.83 54.73 47.69 38.82 31.44
II. Bilateral 1019.76 1149.05 1370.86 1363.29 1488.13 1360.60 1493.78 1507.80 1645.51
A. Government Borrowing 715.84 804.06 916.41 880.07 969.18 884.52 1029.25 1097.42 1289.45
i) Concessional 715.84 804.06 916.41 880.07 969.18 884.52 1029.25 1097.42 1289.45
ii) Non-concessional 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
B. Non-Government Borrowing 303.92 344.99 454.45 483.22 518.95 476.08 464.53 410.38 356.07
i) Concessional 31.69 41.01 76.48 84.35 103.18 100.80 118.92 119.88 127.53
a) Public Sector 11.21 16.21 49.63 59.16 77.63 75.46 90.52 67.58 75.86
b) Financial Institutions 20.48 24.80 26.85 25.19 25.55 25.34 28.40 52.30 51.67
c) Private Sector 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ii) Non-concessional 272.23 303.98 377.97 398.87 415.77 375.28 345.60 290.49 228.53
a) Public Sector 138.45 137.89 142.00 130.10 133.74 115.61 109.38 94.72 85.27
b) Financial Institutions 34.36 37.54 38.86 42.06 43.61 33.23 30.29 31.67 25.08
c) Private Sector 99.42 128.55 197.11 226.71 238.42 226.44 205.94 164.10 118.18
III. International Monetary Fund 272.64 281.63 315.28 324.39 369.10 343.50 371.77 351.29 377.16
IV. Trade Credit 760.11 831.12 971.17 965.56 932.75 789.15 700.01 623.24 614.46
a) Buyers Credit 668.49 732.73 858.96 846.67 800.69 660.06 549.63 466.88 434.78
b) Suppliers Credit 29.37 28.47 32.52 42.36 47.79 52.17 60.88 60.93 67.55
c) Export Credit Component of Bilateral Credit 62.25 69.92 79.69 76.53 84.27 76.92 89.50 95.43 112.13
d) Export Credit for Defence Purpose 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
(Continued)

TABLE 153 : INDIA’S EXTERNAL DEBT - RUPEES
(End-March) (Concld.)
(₹ Billion)
Item 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
V. Commercial Borrowing 3192.21 4484.48 6146.23 7621.28 8977.44 11285.01 11971.76 11175.47 13156.34
a) Commercial Bank Loans 2023.50 2616.78 3731.94 4544.50 5826.44 6352.46 6473.11 5689.87 5533.95
b) Securitized Borrowings (inclu. IDBs and FCCBs) 1131.77 1835.04 2388.49 3060.70 3134.16 4908.95 5474.65 5462.61 7600.31
c) Loans/securitised borrowings etc with multilateral/bilateral guarantee and IFC(W) 36.94 32.66 25.80 16.08 16.84 23.60 24.00 22.99 22.08
d) Self Liquidating Loans 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
VI. NRI & FC(B&O) Deposits 2170.62 2308.12 2998.40 3852.02 6241.01 7209.97 8419.56 7577.51 8207.37
VII. Rupee Debt 74.80 71.47 69.22 68.39 88.26 94.26 84.79 79.62 78.86
a) Defence 67.09 64.16 62.20 61.64 81.79 88.07 78.87 73.98 73.50
b) Civilian 7.71 7.31 7.02 6.75 6.47 6.19 5.92 5.64 5.36
VIII. Total Long-term Debt (I to VII) 9424.50 11292.58 14442.05 16988.03 21312.29 24363.97 26636.57 24856.26 27798.75
IX. Short-term Debt 2361.88 2901.49 3999.62 5259.31 5509.85 5351.44 5539.06 5713.87 6645.75
a) NRI Deposits (up to 1 year maturity) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
c) Trade related credits 2142.67 2610.06 3332.02 4720.26 4912.71 5109.38 5308.06 5607.81 6529.69
1) Up to 6 Months 878.76 1032.00 1327.48 1510.16 1607.71 1766.71 1911.32 1966.77 2217.44
2) 6 Months and Above up to 1 Year 1263.91 1578.06 2004.54 3210.10 3305.00 3342.67 3396.74 3641.04 4312.25
d) FII Investments in Govt. T Bills and Other Instruments 151.53 242.14 480.66 296.71 336.86 73.07 1.32 2.60 5.80
e) Investments in Treasury Bills by Foreign Central Banks and International Institutions 4.67 2.25 3.26 4.47 5.72 7.14 15.76 15.77 17.91
f) External Debt Liabilities of (i+ii) 63.01 47.04 183.68 237.87 254.56 161.86 213.92 87.68 92.34
i) Central Bank 31.39 6.93 8.71 9.85 8.92 9.39 11.97 15.75 17.82
ii) Commercial Bank 31.62 40.11 174.97 228.02 245.64 152.47 201.95 71.94 74.53
X. Gross Total Debt 11786.38 14194.07 18441.67 22247.34 26822.14 29715.42 32175.63 30570.13 34444.50
Concessional Debt as % of Total Debt 16.8 14.9 13.3 11.1 10.4 8.8 9.0 9.4 9.1
Short-term Debt as % of Total Debt 20.1 20.4 21.7 23.6 20.5 18.0 17.2 18.7 19.3
Debt Stock- GDP Ratio (%) 18.2 18.2 21.1 22.4 23.9 23.9 23.4 20.0 20.5
Debt Service Ratio (%) 5.8 4.4 6.0 5.9 5.9 7.6 8.8 8.3 7.5
IDBs : India Development Bonds
FCCBs : Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds
IFC(W) : International Finance Corporation (Washington)
FC(B&O) : Foreign Currency (Banks & Others) Deposits
Notes : 1. Other concessional multilateral Government borrowing refers to debt outstanding to Institutions like IFAD, OPEC & EEC (SAC).
2. Multilateral non-concessional Government/ public sector/ financial institutions other borrowings refers to debt outstanding against loans from ADB.
3. Securitised commercial borrowings (inclu. IDBs and FCCBs) includes net Investment by 100% Fll debt funds, Resurgent India Bonds (RIBs) and India Millennium Deposits (IMDs).
4. Rupee debt refers to debt owed to Russia denominated in Rupees and converted at current exchange rates, payable in exports.
5. Civilian's rupee debt includes supplier’s credit from end-March 1990 onwards.
6. Short-term debt does not include suppliers’ credit of up to180 days from 1994 till 2004.
7. Multilateral loans do not include revaluation of IBRD pooled loans and exchange rate adjustment under IDA loans for Pre-1971 credits.
8. Debt service ratio from the year 1992-93 includes the revised private transfer contra-entry on account of gold and silver imports.
Source : Ministry of Finance, Government of india and Reserve Bank of India.

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