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Date : Sep 15, 2022
Table 130 : Standard Presentation of India’s Balance of Payments as per BPM6- US Dollars
(US $ Million)
Item/Year 2018-19 2019-20
Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1 Current Account (1.A+1.B+1.C) 643710 700891 –57180 642138 666688 –24550
1.A Goods and Services (1.A.a+1.A.b) 545237 643579 –98342 533622 606206 –72584
1.A.a Goods (1.A.a.1 to 1.A.a.3) 337237 517519 –180283 320431 477937 –157506
1.A.a.1 General merchandise on a BOP basis 336984 484622 –147638 317521 449707 –132186
1.A.a.2 Net exports of goods under merchanting 252 252 2910 2910
1.A.a.3 Nonmonetary gold 32897 –32897 28229 –28229
1.A.b Services (1.A.b.1 to 1.A.b.13) 208000 126060 81941 213191 128269 84922
1.A.b.1 Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others 260 42 219 232 68 164
1.A.b.2 Maintenance and repair services n.i.e. 189 1201 –1012 194 1182 –988
1.A.b.3 Transport 19464 20529 –1065 20988 24285 –3297
1.A.b.4 Travel 28441 21704 6737 29998 22011 7987
1.A.b.5 Construction 3388 2527 861 3096 2746 351
1.A.b.6 Insurance and pension services 2661 1790 871 2431 1738 692
1.A.b.7 Financial services 4858 3486 1372 4734 2919 1814
1.A.b.8 Charges for the use of intellectual property n.i.e. 692 8028 –7335 934 7705 –6771
1.A.b.9 Telecommunications, computer, and information services 86344 7409 78935 96110 10212 85899
1.A.b.10 Other business services 39112 40413 –1301 45716 46881 –1165
1.A.b.11 Personal, cultural, and recreational services 1853 2571 –719 2207 3131 –924
1.A.b.12 Government goods and services n.i.e. 610 1114 –504 659 1107 –448
1.A.b.13 Others n.i.e. 20128 15246 4882 5892 4284 1608
1.B Primary Income (1.B.1 to 1.B.3) 21839 50700 –28861 25166 52446 –27281
1.B.1 Compensation of employees 4738 2380 2358 5623 2694 2929
1.B.2 Investment income 13876 47258 –33382 15425 49024 –33599
1.B.2.1 Direct investment 6657 21702 –15045 6903 22260 –15357
1.B.2.2 Portfolio investment 193 10632 –10439 216 11045 –10829
1.B.2.3 Other investment 904 14871 –13967 1361 15666 –14306
1.B.2.4 Reserve assets 6122 53 6069 6945 53 6893
1.B.3 Other primary income 3225 1063 2163 4117 728 3390
1.C Secondary Income (1.C.1+1.C.2) 76634 6611 70022 83351 8036 75314
1.C.1 Financial corporations, nonfinancial corporations, households, and NPISHs 76396 5795 70601 83195 6977 76217
1.C.1.1 Personal transfers (Current transfers between resident and/ non-resident households) 73918 4318 69600 80759 5100 75659
1.C.1.2 Other current transfers 2478 1477 1001 2436 1877 559
1.C.2 General government 238 817 –579 156 1059 –903
2 Capital Account (2.1+2.2) 340 504 –163 426 1518 –1092
2.1 Gross acquisitions (DR.)/disposals (CR.) of non-produced nonfinancial assets 88 156 –68 48 1066 –1018
2.2 Capital transfers 253 348 –95 379 453 –74
3 Financial Account (3.1 to 3.5) 559653 501823 57830 609616 584949 24668
3.1 Direct Investment (3.1A+3.1B) 64846 34134 30712 77794 34780 43013
3.1.A Direct Investment in India 62001 18699 43302 74390 18384 56006
3.1.A.1 Equity and investment fund shares 58727 18452 40275 65909 18212 47697
3.1.A.1.1 Equity other than reinvestment of earnings 45055 18452 26604 51734 18212 33522
3.1.A.1.2 Reinvestment of earnings 13672 13672 14175 14175
3.1.A.2 Debt instruments 3274 247 3027 8482 173 8309
3.1.A.2.1 Direct investor in direct investment enterprises 3274 247 3027 8482 173 8309
3.1.B Direct Investment by India 2845 15435 –12590 3403 16396 –12993
3.1.B.1 Equity and investment fund shares 2845 10234 –7389 3403 10722 –7319
3.1.B.1.1 Equity other than reinvestment of earnings 2845 7201 –4356 3403 7572 –4168
3.1.B.1.2 Reinvestment of earnings 3032 –3032 3151 –3151
3.1.B.2 Debt instruments 5202 –5202 5674 –5674
3.1.B.2.1 Direct investor in direct investment enterprises 5202 –5202 5674 –5674
3.2 Portfolio Investment 255110 257548 –2438 290741 289337 1403
3.2.A Portfolio Investment in India 251894 254118 –2225 284128 283576 552
3.2.1 Equity and investment fund shares 204347 202837 1510 215270 215709 –438
3.2.2 Debt securities 47547 51282 –3735 68858 67868 990
3.2.B Portfolio Investment by India 3216 3429 –213 6612 5761 851
3.3 Financial derivatives (other than reserves) and employee stock options 21538 20506 1032 32899 28800 4099
3.4 Other investment 200657 175473 25184 208183 172533 35650
3.4.1 Other equity (ADRs/GDRs) 1820 1820
3.4.2 Currency and deposits 60259 49565 10693 55603 47639 7964
3.4.2.1 Central bank (Rupee Debt Movements; NRG) 1007 702 306 113 776 –663
3.4.2.2 Deposit-taking corporations, except the central bank (NRI Deposits) 59251 48864 10387 55490 46863 8627
3.4.2.3 General government
3.4.2.4 Other sectors
3.4.3 Loans (External Assistance, ECBs and Banking Capital) 83307 72738 10569 84592 71160 13432
3.4.3.A Loans to India 69399 59404 9995 77740 65483 12257
3.4.3.B Loans by India 13908 13334 574 6851 5677 1175
3.4.4 Insurance, pension, and standardized guarantee schemes 187 1349 –1162 328 952 –625
3.4.5 Trade credit and advances 43332 41311 2021 38759 39785 –1026
3.4.6 Other accounts receivable/payable - other 11752 10509 1243 28901 12997 15904
3.4.7 Special drawing rights
3.5 Reserve assets 17502 14162 3339 59498 –59498
3.5.1 Monetary gold
3.5.2 Special drawing rights n.a.
3.5.3 Reserve position in the IMF n.a.
3.5.4 Other reserve assets (Foreign Currency Assets) 17502 14162 3339 59498 –59498
4 Total assets/liabilities 559653 501823 57830 609616 584949 24668
4.1 Equity and investment fund shares 290860 256806 34054 324421 280156 44265
4.2 Debt instruments 237719 220345 17374 256294 232298 23996
4.3 Other financial assets and liabilities 31074 24672 6402 28901 72495 –43594
5 Net errors and omissions 582 1068 –486 1856 882 974

TABLE 130 : STANDARD PRESENTATION OF INDIA'S BALANCE OF PAYMENTS AS PER BPM6- US DOLLAR (Concld.)
(US $ Million)
Item/Year 2020-21 2021-22
Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
1 8 9 10 11 12 13
1 Current Account (1.A+1.B+1.C) 603545 579535 24011 798749 837441 –38691
1.A Goods and Services (1.A.a+1.A.b) 502390 515977 –13587 683690 765634 –81944
1.A.a Goods (1.A.a.1 to 1.A.a.3) 296300 398452 –102152 429164 618623 –189459
1.A.a.1 General merchandise on a BOP basis 293311 363848 –70537 428481 572457 –143977
1.A.a.2 Net exports of goods under merchanting 2989 2989 683 683
1.A.a.3 Nonmonetary gold 34604 –34604 46166 –46166
1.A.b Services (1.A.b.1 to 1.A.b.13) 206090 117524 88565 254527 147011 107516
1.A.b.1 Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others 296 28 268 501 67 435
1.A.b.2 Maintenance and repair services n.i.e. 159 834 –675 243 1380 –1137
1.A.b.3 Transport 21854 19755 2099 32660 35836 –3177
1.A.b.4 Travel 8483 11507 –3024 9099 16272 –7173
1.A.b.5 Construction 2620 2606 14 2645 2920 –275
1.A.b.6 Insurance and pension services 2376 2058 318 3316 2076 1241
1.A.b.7 Financial services 4338 4763 –424 5472 5620 –147
1.A.b.8 Charges for the use of intellectual property n.i.e. 1310 7707 –6397 825 9043 –8218
1.A.b.9 Telecommunications, computer, and information services 103078 12278 90800 125579 14489 111089
1.A.b.10 Other business services 49161 49522 –361 58967 51681 7286
1.A.b.11 Personal, cultural, and recreational services 2336 2810 –474 3164 4476 –1311
1.A.b.12 Government goods and services n.i.e. 630 1021 –392 803 968 –165
1.A.b.13 Others n.i.e. 9447 2633 6814 11252 2184 9068
1.B Primary Income (1.B.1 to 1.B.3) 20835 56796 –35960 25751 63020 –37269
1.B.1 Compensation of employees 5996 2802 3193 6360 3063 3296
1.B.2 Investment income 11554 52921 –41366 14745 57814 –43069
1.B.2.1 Direct investment 5573 33023 –27450 8512 36960 –28448
1.B.2.2 Portfolio investment 169 6954 –6785 421 8243 –7822
1.B.2.3 Other investment 395 12936 –12541 286 12603 –12317
1.B.2.4 Reserve assets 5418 8 5410 5526 8 5518
1.B.3 Other primary income 3285 1072 2213 4646 2142 2504
1.C Secondary Income (1.C.1+1.C.2) 80321 6762 73558 89308 8786 80522
1.C.1 Financial corporations, nonfinancial corporations, households, and NPISHs 80185 5746 74439 89127 7898 81230
1.C.1.1 Personal transfers (Current transfers between resident and/ non-resident households) 77500 4177 73324 85697 5575 80122
1.C.1.2 Other current transfers 2685 1569 1116 3431 2323 1108
1.C.2 General government 136 1017 –881 181 889 –708
2 Capital Account (2.1+2.2) 490 1565 –1075 777 975 –198
2.1 Gross acquisitions (DR.)/disposals (CR.) of non-produced nonfinancial assets 104 1038 –933 280 383 –104
2.2 Capital transfers 385 527 –142 497 592 –95
3 Financial Account (3.1 to 3.5) 598542 621131 –22589 776663 738233 38430
3.1 Direct Investment (3.1A+3.1B) 86286 42330 43955 88235 49649 38587
3.1.A Direct Investment in India 81973 27046 54927 84835 28605 56231
3.1.A.1 Equity and investment fund shares 78023 26983 51040 79030 27189 51841
3.1.A.1.1 Equity other than reinvestment of earnings 61088 26983 34105 59684 27189 32495
3.1.A.1.2 Reinvestment of earnings 16935 16935 19347 19347
3.1.A.2 Debt instruments 3950 63 3887 5805 1416 4389
3.1.A.2.1 Direct investor in direct investment enterprises 3950 63 3887 5805 1416 4389
3.1.B Direct Investment by India 4313 15285 –10972 3400 21044 –17644
3.1.B.1 Equity and investment fund shares 4313 8597 –4284 3400 13440 –10040
3.1.B.1.1 Equity other than reinvestment of earnings 4313 5583 –1271 3400 10061 –6661
3.1.B.1.2 Reinvestment of earnings 3013 –3013 3379 –3379
3.1.B.2 Debt instruments 6688 –6688 7604 –7604
3.1.B.2.1 Direct investor in direct investment enterprises 6688 –6688 7604 –7604
3.2 Portfolio Investment 313715 277579 36137 389764 406542 –16777
3.2.A Portfolio Investment in India 312005 273279 38725 385710 399781 –14071
3.2.1 Equity and investment fund shares 269762 230937 38825 343081 358702 –15621
3.2.2 Debt securities 42243 42342 –99 42629 41079 1550
3.2.B Portfolio Investment by India 1711 4299 –2589 4054 6761 –2706
3.3 Financial derivatives (other than reserves) and employee stock options 11688 16488 –4800 18390 24802 –6412
3.4 Other investment 186854 197448 –10594 264250 193717 70533
3.4.1 Other equity (ADRs/GDRs)
3.4.2 Currency and deposits 47087 39868 7218 45784 42992 2792
3.4.2.1 Central bank (Rupee Debt Movements; NRG) 621 767 –146 390 831 –441
3.4.2.2 Deposit-taking corporations, except the central bank (NRI Deposits) 46465 39101 7364 45395 42161 3234
3.4.2.3 General government
3.4.2.4 Other sectors
3.4.3 Loans (External Assistance, ECBs and Banking Capital) 75483 92735 –17253 98202 80825 17377
3.4.3.A Loans to India 72581 89416 –16835 96268 79604 16663
3.4.3.B Loans by India 2901 3319 –418 1935 1221 714
3.4.4 Insurance, pension, and standardized guarantee schemes 200 197 4 196 182 14
3.4.5 Trade credit and advances 37365 41494 –4130 64356 44252 20105
3.4.6 Other accounts receivable/payable - other 26720 23153 3567 37848 25466 12382
3.4.7 Special drawing rights 17862 17862
3.5 Reserve assets 87286 –87286 16024 63524 –47501
3.5.1 Monetary gold
3.5.2 Special drawing rights n.a. 17862 –17862
3.5.3 Reserve position in the IMF n.a.
3.5.4 Other reserve assets (Foreign Currency Assets) 87286 –87286 16024 45662 –29638
4 Total assets/liabilities 598542 621131 –22589 776663 738233 38430
4.1 Equity and investment fund shares 365696 287501 78195 448152 431075 17077
4.2 Debt instruments 206127 223191 –17064 256777 218167 38610
4.3 Other financial assets and liabilities 26720 110440 –83720 71734 88990 –17256
5 Net errors and omissions 951 1298 –347 1433 974 459
n.i.e : not included elsewhere.
Notes : 1. Data for 2021-22 are preliminary estimates.
2. Totals may not tally due to rounding off.
Also see Notes on Tables.

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