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45. Ownership Pattern of Central and State Governments Securities
Date : Apr 18, 2022
(Per cent)
Central Government Dated Securities
Category 2020 2021
Dec. Mar. Jun. Sep. Dec.
1 2 3 4 5
(A) Total (in ₹. Crore) 7357111 7635902 7882533 8235318 8439811
1 Commercial Banks 37.81 37.77 35.99 37.82 35.40
2 Non-Bank PDs 0.25 0.27 0.34 0.35 0.27
3 Insurance Companies 25.64 25.30 25.83 24.18 25.74
4 Mutual Funds 2.62 2.94 2.82 2.91 3.08
5 Co-operative Banks 1.83 1.82 1.82 1.50 1.82
6 Financial Institutions 1.00 1.00 1.43 1.17 1.69
7 Corporates 1.05 1.06 1.39 0.72 1.37
8 Foreign Portfolio Investors 2.10 1.87 1.79 1.81 1.66
9 Provident Funds 4.61 4.44 4.04 3.77 4.33
10 RBI 15.71 16.20 17.11 16.98 16.92
11. Others 7.37 7.33 7.43 8.79 7.73
11.1 State Governments 1.76 1.69 1.67 1.67 1.69

State Governments Securities
Category 2020 2021
Dec. Mar. Jun. Sep. Dec.
1 2 3 4 5
(B) Total (in ₹. Crore) 3721573 3879982 4028849 4153508 4257578
1 Commercial Banks 34.19 33.69 33.75 35.94 34.41
2 Non-Bank PDs 0.36 0.48 0.39 0.44 0.40
3 Insurance Companies 30.25 30.04 29.67 27.50 28.85
4 Mutual Funds 1.92 1.82 1.74 1.97 1.91
5 Co-operative Banks 4.11 4.05 4.12 3.60 4.07
6 Financial Institutions 1.88 1.86 1.79 1.72 1.73
7 Corporates 0.45 0.49 1.45 1.32 1.70
8 Foreign Portfolio Investors 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02
9 Provident Funds 21.20 22.00 21.09 18.27 20.66
10 RBI 0.81 0.77 0.88 0.85 0.83
11. Others 4.82 4.77 5.10 8.38 5.40
11.1 State Governments 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.19

Treasury Bills
Category 2020 2021
Dec. Mar. Jun. Sep. Dec.
1 2 3 4 5
(C) Total (in ₹. Crore) 839729 690646 901327 763582 692869
1 Commercial Banks 54.75 55.54 52.25 50.22 47.01
2 Non-Bank PDs 1.65 2.82 1.82 1.33 1.53
3 Insurance Companies 4.50 5.61 4.75 4.12 6.29
4 Mutual Funds 18.98 17.80 19.93 17.72 13.72
5 Co-operative Banks 1.61 2.43 1.60 1.32 1.49
6 Financial Institutions 1.11 1.24 2.56 2.12 2.36
7 Corporates 2.01 3.16 3.00 2.40 3.13
8 Foreign Portfolio Investors 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 0.72
9 Provident Funds 0.09 0.22 0.10 0.37 0.85
10 RBI 0.68 0.49 2.58 2.63 0.00
11. Others 14.63 10.70 11.42 17.62 22.89
11.1 State Governments 13.27 5.98 7.97 12.64 18.92
Note: (-): represents nil or negligible
The revised table format since June 2016, incorporates the ownership pattern of State Governments Securities and Treasury Bills along with the Central Government Securities.
State Government Securities include special bonds issued under Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY) scheme. Bank PDs are clubbed under Commercial Banks. However, they form very small fraction of total outstanding securities.
The category ‘Others’ comprises State Governments, Pension Funds, PSUs, Trusts, HUF/Individuals etc.

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