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Date : Sep 18, 2020
Table 131 : India’s Overall Balance of Payments - US Dollar
(US $ million)
Item/Year 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
A. Current account                  
1. Merchandise 316545 461484 -144940 266365 396444 -130079 280138 392580 -112442
2. Invisibles (a+b+c) 241645 123564 118081 235044 127116 107928 242051 144025 98026
a) Services 158107 81578 76529 154311 84635 69676 164197 95852 68345
i) Travel 20334 15306 5028 21268 14792 6476 23244 16451 6792
ii) Transportation 17485 16177 1308 14004 15080 -1076 15851 14132 1719
iii) Insurance 2202 1119 1084 2002 1151 852 2206 1496 710
iv) G.n.i.e. 543 961 -418 579 869 -291 588 600 -11
v) Miscellaneous 117542 48016 69526 116458 52742 63716 122308 63174 59134
of which : Software services 73108 2708 70400 74153 2699 71454 74350 3587 70763
Business services 28422 27644 778 28994 31095 -2101 32946 32317 629
Financial services 5661 3580 2081 4944 3135 1809 5099 5852 -754
Communication services 1997 1023 975 2171 1001 1170 2375 910 1465
b) Transfers 70141 4449 65692 66030 3403 62627 61564 5581 55983
i) Official 322 893 -572 438 950 -512 268 857 -590
ii) Private 69819 3555 66264 65592 2453 63139 61296 4723 56573
c) Income 13397 37537 -24140 14703 39078 -24375 16291 42593 -26302
i) Investment income 9839 34801 -24962 11103 36840 -25737 12353 40050 -27697
ii) Compensation of employees 3558 2737 821 3600 2238 1362 3937 2543 1395
Total Current account (1+2) 558190 585049 -26859 501410 523560 -22151 522189 536606 -14417
B. Capital account                  
1. Foreign investment (a+b) 308556 235100 73456 276433 244542 31891 310522 267299 43224
a) Foreign direct investment (i+ii) 51796 20544 31251 59878 23857 36021 70784 35172 35612
i) In India 45147 9864 35283 55559 10652 44907 60220 18005 42215
Equity 31910 9612 22298 41112 10524 30587 44701 17318 27383
Reinvested earnings 9988 - 9988 10413 0 10413 12343 - 12343
Other Capital 3249 252 2997 4034 128 3906 3176 687 2489
ii) Abroad 6649 10680 -4031 4320 13205 -8886 10564 17167 -6603
Equity 6649 3867 2782 4320 6486 -2166 10564 9792 772
Reinvested earnings 0 3337 -3337 0 3337 -3337 0 2925 -2925
Other capital 0 3476 -3476 0 3382 -3382 0 4450 -4450
b) Portfolio investment 256761 214556 42205 216555 220685 -4130 239738 232127 7612
i) In India 256048 213854 42193 215707 219349 -3643 237514 229748 7766
of which: FIIs 254777 213854 40923 215334 219349 -4016 237514 229748 7766
GDRs/ADRs 1271 0 1271 373 0 373 0 0 0
ii) Abroad 713 702 11 848 1335 -487 2224 2378 -154
2. Loans (a+b+c) 123355 120170 3184 120323 124957 -4634 120532 118153 2379
a) External assistance 5780 4054 1725 6123 4619 1505 6495 4482 2013
i) By India 60 388 -327 58 519 -461 58 231 -173
ii) To India 5719 3667 2053 6065 4099 1966 6437 4251 2186
b) Commercial borrowings 27847 26276 1570 24157 28686 -4529 22584 28686 -6102
i) By India 1611 273 1338 3297 1970 1326 4532 3044 1488
ii) To India 26236 26004 232 20860 26716 -5856 18052 25642 -7590
c) Short term to India 89729 89840 -111 90043 91653 -1610 91453 84986 6467
i) Suppliers' Credit >180 days & Buyers' Credit 87643 89230 -1587 87537 89735 -2198 89745 84797 4948
ii) Suppliers' credit up to 180 days 2086 610 1476 2506 1918 588 1708 189 1519
3. Banking capital (a+b) 90094 78476 11618 88884 78254 10630 83669 100285 -16616
a) Commercial Banks 88361 78476 9885 88848 77975 10873 83381 100283 -16902
i) Assets 17031 18546 -1515 19068 22776 -3709 29654 28884 771
ii) Liabilities 71329 59930 11399 69781 55199 14582 53727 71399 -17672
of which: Non-Resident Deposits 63262 49205 14057 59988 43936 16052 47639 60006 -12367
b) Others 1733 0 1733 36 279 -243 288 2 286
4. Rupee debt service 0 81 -81 0 73 -73 0 99 -99
5. Other capital 28914 27806 1109 24419 21103 3315 35925 28366 7559
Total capital account (1 to 5) 550919 461633 89286 510058 468930 41128 550649 514202 36447
C. Errors & omissions 1089 2110 -1021 420 1493 -1073 377 857 -480
D. Overall balance (A+B+C) 1110198 1048792 61406 1011888 993984 17905 1073215 1051665 21550
E. Monetary movements (i+ii) 0 61406 -61406 856 18761 -17905 1242 22792 -21550
i) I.M.F. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Foreign exchange reserves (Increase- / Decrease+) 0 61406 -61406 856 18761 -17905 1242 22792 -21550
of which: SDR Allocation - - - - - - - - -
(Continued)

TABLE 131 : INDIA'S OVERALL BALANCE OF PAYMENTS - US DOLLAR (Concld.)
(US $ million)
Item/Year 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
1 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
A. Current account                  
1. Merchandise 308970 469006 -160036 337237 517519 -180283 320431 477937 -157506
2. Invisibles (a+b+c) 283406 172087 111319 306483 183457 123026 321712 188862 132850
a) Services 195089 117527 77562 208000 126060 81941 213191 128269 84922
i) Travel 28355 19516 8839 28441 21704 6737 29998 22011 7987
ii) Transportation 17441 17608 -166 19464 20529 -1065 20988 24285 -3297
iii) Insurance 2506 1700 806 2661 1790 871 2431 1738 692
iv) G.n.i.e. 664 794 -130 610 1114 -504 659 1107 -448
v) Miscellaneous 146122 77909 68213 156824 80922 75902 159115 79128 79987
of which : Software services 77326 5139 72186 83466 5812 77654 93102 8459 84643
Business services 37346 36630 715 39112 40413 -1301 45716 46881 -1165
Financial services 5164 5537 -373 4858 3486 1372 4734 2919 1814
Communication services 2098 954 1144 2561 1130 1431 2723 1296 1426
b) Transfers 69455 7017 62438 76643 6697 69946 83356 8147 75208
i) Official 326 837 -511 247 902 -655 161 1170 -1009
ii) Private 69129 6180 62949 76396 5795 70601 83195 6977 76217
c) Income 18862 47542 -28681 21839 50700 -28861 25166 52446 -27281
i) Investment income 14404 45243 -30839 17101 48321 -31219 19542 49752 -30210
ii) Compensation of employees 4457 2299 2158 4738 2380 2358 5623 2694 2929
Total Current account (1+2) 592376 641093 -48717 643719 700976 -57256 642143 666799 -24656
B. Capital account                  
1. Foreign investment (a+b) 359546 307145 52401 321776 291682 30094 368534 324118 44417
a) Foreign direct investment (i+ii) 64461 34175 30286 64846 34134 30712 77794 34780 43013
i) In India 60974 21544 39431 62001 18699 43302 74390 18384 56006
Equity 45521 21325 24196 45055 18452 26604 51734 18212 33522
Reinvested earnings 12542 - 12542 13672 - 13672 14175 - 14175
Other Capital 2911 219 2692 3274 247 3027 8482 173 8309
ii) Abroad 3487 12632 -9144 2845 15435 -12590 3403 16396 -12993
Equity 3487 5254 -1767 2845 7201 -4356 3403 7572 -4168
Reinvested earnings 0 2853 -2853 0 3032 -3032 0 3151 -3151
Other capital 0 4525 -4525 0 5202 -5202 0 5674 -5674
b) Portfolio investment 295084 272969 22115 256930 257548 -618 290741 289337 1403
i) In India 293529 271364 22165 253714 254118 -405 284128 283576 552
of which: FIIs 293529 271364 22165 251894 254118 -2225 284128 283576 552
GDRs/ADRs 0 0 0 1820 0 1820 0 0 0
ii) Abroad 1556 1605 -50 3216 3429 -213 6612 5761 851
2. Loans (a+b+c) 147111 130451 16660 94099 78249 15850 94239 68553 25686
a) External assistance 7718 4774 2944 8606 5192 3413 9330 5579 3751
i) By India 55 124 -69 47 120 -73 8 113 -105
ii) To India 7663 4650 3013 8559 5073 3487 9323 5466 3856
b) Commercial borrowings 38879 39062 -183 42162 31746 10416 46149 23188 22960
i) By India 14292 13676 616 13862 13215 647 6843 5563 1280
ii) To India 24587 25386 -799 28300 18531 9769 39305 17625 21680
c) Short term to India 100514 86614 13900 43332 41311 2021 38759 39785 -1026
i) Suppliers' Credit >180 days & Buyers' Credit 96756 86614 10142 27490 41311 -13821 37359 38233 -873
ii) Suppliers' credit up to 180 days 3758 0 3758 15842 0 15842 1400 1552 -152
3. Banking capital (a+b) 95673 79483 16190 92798 85365 7433 84716 90031 -5315
a) Commercial Banks 95255 79064 16191 91791 84664 7127 84603 89255 -4653
i) Assets 25532 25834 -302 22936 29633 -6697 26819 31225 -4406
ii) Liabilities 69723 53230 16493 68855 55031 13824 57784 58030 -246
of which: Non-Resident Deposits 59544 49868 9676 59251 48864 10387 55490 46863 8627
b) Others 417 419 -1 1007 702 306 113 776 -663
4. Rupee debt service 0 75 -75 0 31 -31 0 69 -69
5. Other capital 41282 35069 6213 33809 32751 1057 62549 44087 18462
Total capital account (1 to 5) 643612 552222 91390 542482 488080 54403 610038 526858 83180
C. Errors & omissions 1900 998 902 582 1068 -486 1856 882 974
D. Overall balance (A+B+C) 1237887 1194313 43574 1186784 1190123 -3339 1254037 1194539 59498
E. Monetary movements (i+ii) 0 43574 -43574 17502 14162 3339 0 59498 -59498
i) I.M.F. 0 0 0 0 0 0 - - -
ii) Foreign exchange reserves (Increase- / Decrease+) 0 43574 -43574 17502 14162 3339 0 59498 -59498
of which: SDR Allocation - - - - - - - - -
G.n.i.e. : Government not included elsewhere.
Notes : 1. Data for 2019-20 are preliminary estimates
2. Total may not tally due to rounding off.
Also see Notes on Tables.

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