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Date : Sep 18, 2020
Table 132 : India’s Overall Balance of Payments - Rupees
(₹ Crore)
Item/Year 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
A. Current account                  
1. Merchandise 1934210 2820072 -885862 1743289 2592820 -849531 1878943 2633395 -754452
2. Invisibles (a+b+c) 1478048 755499 722549 1538693 832924 705769 1623552 966016 657536
a) Services 967192 498877 468316 1010446 554617 455828 1101366 642916 458450
i) Travel 124542 93535 31008 139542 96756 42786 155929 110318 45611
ii) Transportation 106865 98925 7940 91660 98618 -6958 106312 94773 11539
iii) Insurance 13461 6835 6626 13113 7530 5583 14795 10033 4761
iv) G.n.i.e. 3321 5871 -2550 3788 5677 -1890 3946 4021 -75
v) Miscellaneous 719002 293711 425291 762343 346035 416308 820384 423771 396613
of which: Software services 447087 16582 430505 485464 17683 467781 498700 24062 474638
Business services 173793 169173 4620 189693 203860 -14167 220981 216754 4227
Financial services 34583 21772 12811 32271 20487 11784 34193 39262 -5069
Communication services 12224 6236 5988 14230 6592 7639 15928 6106 9822
b) Transfers 428863 27199 401663 431923 22203 409720 412918 37432 375486
i) Official 1970 5461 -3491 2851 6213 -3363 1798 5750 -3952
ii) Private 426893 21739 405154 429072 15989 413083 411120 31682 379438
c) Income 81994 229423 -147430 96324 256104 -159779 109268 285668 -176400
i) Investment income 60225 212701 -152477 72770 241448 -168678 82857 268614 -185757
ii) Compensation of employees 21769 16722 5047 23555 14656 8899 26411 17054 9357
Total Current account (1+2) 3412258 3575571 -163313 3281982 3425744 -143762 3502495 3599411 -96916
B. Capital account                  
1. Foreign investment (a+b) 1886225 1437153 449072 1807152 1598573 208579 2082318 1792924 289394
a) Foreign direct investment (i+ii) 317087 125869 191219 392422 156640 235782 474811 235898 238913
i) In India 276400 60506 215893 364146 69888 294258 404057 120765 283292
Equity 195324 58963 136362 269660 69058 200602 299982 116159 183822
Reinvested earnings 61133 0 61133 68343 0 68343 82787 0 82787
Other capital 19943 1544 18399 26143 830 25313 21289 4606 16683
ii) Abroad 40688 65363 -24675 28276 86752 -58476 70753 115133 -44379
Equity 40688 23711 16977 28276 42750 -14474 70753 65675 5079
Reinvested earnings 0 20404 -20404 0 21847 -21847 0 19621 -19621
Other capital 0 21247 -21247 0 22154 -22154 0 29836 -29836
b) Portfolio investment 1569138 1311285 257853 1414730 1441933 -27203 1607507 1557026 50482
i) In India 1564766 1307004 257762 1409176 1432998 -23822 1592617 1541095 51522
of which: FIIs 1556857 1307004 249853 1406792 1432998 -26207 1592617 1541095 51522
GDRs/ADRs 7909 0 7909 2385 0 2385 0 0 0
ii) Abroad 4372 4281 91 5553 8935 -3381 14890 15931 -1040
2. Loans (a+b+c) 754168 734435 19733 788403 818170 -29767 808529 792490 16038
a) External assistance 35408 24787 10622 40244 30229 10015 43561 30056 13505
i) By India 368 2370 -2001 383 3399 -3016 388 1548 -1160
ii) To India 35040 22417 12623 39861 26830 13031 43173 28508 14665
b) Commercial borrowings 170386 160828 9557 158572 188746 -30174 151522 192454 -40932
ii) By India 9842 1653 8190 21845 13226 8619 30395 20400 9996
ii) To India 160543 159176 1368 136727 175520 -38793 121127 172054 -50928
c) Short term to India 548374 548820 -446 589587 599194 -9607 613446 569981 43465
i) Suppliers' Credit >180 days & Buyers' Credit 535689 545024 -9334 572975 587019 -14044 601970 568718 33252
ii) Suppliers' credit up to 180 days 12685 3797 8889 16612 12175 4437 11475 1262 10213
3. Banking capital (a+b) 550976 478893 72083 579805 514547 65257 561610 672787 -111177
a) Commercial banks 540246 478893 61353 579563 512774 66788 559680 672771 -113091
i) Assets 103441 112895 -9454 124069 151264 -27195 199390 193410 5980
ii) Liabilities 436805 365998 70807 455493 361510 93983 360290 479361 -119071
of which: Non-resident deposits 386867 300743 86125 392155 287489 104666 319339 403003 -83664
b) Others 10730 0 10730 242 1773 -1531 1930 16 1914
4. Rupee debt service 0 489 -489 0 476 -476 0 665 -665
5. Other capital 176562 169411 7151 160653 137909 22744 240945 190199 50747
Total capital account (1 to 5) 3367931 2820381 547550 3336013 3069674 266338 3693401 3449065 244337
C. Errors & omissions 6725 13037 -6312 2796 9542 -6746 2550 5737 -3187
D. Overall balance (A+B+C) 6786914 6408989 377925 6620790 6504960 115830 7198447 7054213 144234
E. Monetary movements (i+ii) 0 377925 -377925 5563 121393 -115830 8373 152607 -144234
i) I.M.F. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Foreign exchange reserves (Increase- / Decrease+) 0 377925 -377925 5563 121393 -115830 8373 152607 -144234
of which: SDR Allocation 0 0 0
(Continued)

TABLE 132 : INDIA'S OVERALL BALANCE OF PAYMENTS - RUPEES (Concld.)
(₹ crore)
Item/Year 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
1 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
A. Current account                  
1. Merchandise 1991436 3023163 -1031727 2358211 3619072 -1260861 2270919 3385822 -1114902
2. Invisibles (a+b+c) 1826720 1109119 717601 2144996 1284363 860633 2281179 1338706 942474
a) Services 1257472 757503 499968 1456277 882494 573783 1511659 909278 602381
i) Travel 182768 125778 56990 199142 151485 47658 212684 155741 56943
ii) Transportation 112418 113488 -1071 136100 143689 -7589 148761 172134 -23373
iii) Insurance 16154 10957 5197 18634 12543 6091 17238 12335 4903
iv) G.n.i.e. 4280 5119 -839 4260 7795 -3535 4677 7841 -3164
v) Miscellaneous 941852 502162 439690 1098141 566982 531159 1128298 561226 567072
of which: Software services 498402 33125 465277 583926 40585 543340 660148 60024 600124
Business services 240722 236096 4626 273644 282815 -9170 324150 332437 -8287
Financial services 33271 35691 -2420 34019 24428 9591 33519 20803 12716
Communication services 13516 6149 7366 17956 7918 10038 19297 9196 10101
b) Transfers 447670 45224 402445 535951 46776 489175 590992 57786 533206
i) Official 2103 5397 -3295 1743 6308 -4565 1138 8296 -7158
ii) Private 445567 39827 405740 534207 40468 493740 589854 49490 540364
c) Income 121579 306391 -184813 152769 355093 -202324 178528 371642 -193114
i) Investment income 92848 291572 -198724 119592 338456 -218864 138648 352530 -213882
ii) Compensation of employees 28731 14819 13911 33177 16637 16540 39880 19112 20768
Total Current account (1+2) 3818156 4132282 -314126 4503207 4903435 -400227 4552099 4724528 -172429
B. Capital account                  
1. Foreign investment (a+b) 2317650 1979966 337684 2249875 2037696 212179 2614747 2302532 312215
a) Foreign direct investment (i+ii) 415421 220369 195052 453100 239063 214036 551647 246827 304820
i) In India 392944 138968 253977 433069 131136 301932 527347 130392 396955
Equity 293352 137559 155793 314461 129397 185064 366490 129168 237322
Reinvested earnings 80840 0 80840 95671 0 95671 100561 0 100561
Other capital 18753 1409 17344 22937 1739 21198 60296 1224 59072
ii) Abroad 22477 81402 -58925 20031 107927 -87896 24300 116435 -92135
Equity 22477 33866 -11389 20031 50188 -30157 24300 53771 -29471
Reinvested earnings 0 18387 -18387 0 21203 -21203 0 22338 -22338
Other capital 0 29149 -29149 0 36536 -36536 0 40326 -40326
b) Portfolio investment 1902228 1759597 142632 1796775 1798633 -1857 2063100 2055705 7395
i) In India 1892201 1749253 142948 1774547 1774552 -5 2015956 2014755 1200
of which: FIIs 1892201 1749253 142948 1761779 1774552 -12773 2015956 2014755 1200
GDRs/ADRs 0 0 0 12768 0 12768 0 0 0
ii) Abroad 10027 10344 -317 22229 24080 -1852 47144 40949 6194
2. Loans (a+b+c) 948250 840828 107422 659143 545701 113441 668960 486712 182248
a) External assistance 49750 30773 18977 60429 36287 24143 66039 39536 26503
i) By India 355 801 -446 325 837 -511 56 803 -747
ii) To India 49395 29972 19423 60104 35450 24654 65983 38733 27250
b) Commercial borrowings 250605 251766 -1161 296867 222753 74114 328239 164791 163448
ii) By India 92078 88110 3968 97579 93094 4485 48723 39538 9185
ii) To India 158527 163655 -5129 199288 129659 69629 279516 125253 154263
c) Short term to India 647895 558289 89606 301846 286662 15184 274682 282385 -7704
i) Suppliers' Credit >180 days & Buyers' Credit 623670 558289 65381 192250 286662 -94412 264945 271324 -6378
ii) Suppliers' credit up to 180 days 24225 0 24225 109596 0 109596 9737 11062 -1325
3. Banking capital (a+b) 616727 512300 104427 646662 597020 49642 601082 639907 -38825
a) Commercial banks 614031 509602 104430 639563 592225 47338 600265 634474 -34209
i) Assets 164673 166547 -1874 158532 206960 -48429 189723 222176 -32453
ii) Liabilities 449359 343055 106304 481032 385265 95767 410542 412298 -1756
of which: Non-resident deposits 383765 321375 62390 413774 341877 71897 394304 333182 61123
b) Others 2695 2698 -3 7099 4795 2304 817 5433 -4616
4. Rupee debt service 0 482 -482 0 213 -213 0 483 -483
5. Other capital 266106 226037 40069 237182 228828 8354 446158 312730 133428
Total capital account (1 to 5) 4148732 3559613 589119 3792862 3409459 383403 4330947 3742363 588584
C. Errors & omissions 12249 6426 5823 4083 7463 -3380 13260 6210 7051
D. Overall balance (A+B+C) 7979137 7698321 280816 8300152 8320356 -20204 8896306 8473100 423206
E. Monetary movements (i+ii) 0 280816 -280816 120018 99814 20204 0 423206 -423206
i) I.M.F. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Foreign exchange reserves (Increase- / Decrease+) 0 280816 -280816 120018 99814 20204 0 423206 -423206
of which: SDR Allocation
G.n.i.e.: Government not included elsewhere.
Notes : 1. Data for 2019-20 are preliminary estimates.
2. Total may not tally due to rounding off.
Also see Notes on Tables.

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