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Date : Sep 18, 2020
Table 134 : Standard Presentation of India’s Balance of Payments as per BPM6 Rupees
(₹ Crore)
Item/Year 2016-17 2017-18
Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
1 1 2 3 4 5 6
1 Current Account (1.A+1.B+1.C) 3502402 3598871 -96469 3818016 4131780 -313765
1.A Goods and Services (1.A.a+1.A.b) 2980310 3276311 -296002 3248907 3780666 -531759
1.A.a Goods (1.A.a.1 to 1.A.a.3) 1878943 2633395 -754452 1991436 3023163 -1031727
1.A.a.1 General merchandise on a BOP basis 1880972 2448716 -567745 1993902 2806134 -812232
1.A.a.2 Net exports of goods under merchanting -2028 -2028 -2466 -2466
1.A.a.3 Nonmonetary gold 184679 -184679 217029 -217029
1.A.b Services (1.A.b.1 to 1.A.b.13) 1101366 642916 458450 1257472 757503 499968
1.A.b.1 Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others 768 256 512 949 282 668
1.A.b.2 Maintenance and repair services n.i.e. 1221 2372 -1151 1363 3528 -2165
1.A.b.3 Transport 106312 94773 11539 112418 113488 -1071
1.A.b.4 Travel 155929 110318 45611 182768 125778 56990
1.A.b.5 Construction 14383 5911 8473 14541 10081 4460
1.A.b.6 Insurance and pension services 14795 10033 4761 16154 10957 5197
1.A.b.7 Financial services 34193 39262 -5069 33271 35691 -2420
1.A.b.8 Charges for the use of intellectual property n.i.e. 3807 38368 -34561 4720 44339 -39618
1.A.b.9 Telecommunications, computer, and information services 516771 32457 484314 514603 41887 472717
1.A.b.10 Other business services 220981 216754 4227 240722 236096 4626
1.A.b.11 Personal, cultural, and recreational services 9338 14731 -5394 10430 14862 -4432
1.A.b.12 Government goods and services n.i.e. 3946 4021 -75 4280 5119 -839
1.A.b.13 Others n.i.e. 18921 73660 -54739 121252 115396 5856
1.B Primary Income (1.B.1 to 1.B.3) 109268 285668 -176400 121579 306391 -184813
1.B.1 Compensation of employees 26411 17054 9357 28731 14819 13911
1.B.2 Investment income 67489 263582 -196093 72965 288029 -215064
1.B.2.1 Direct investment 34705 127291 -92586 37176 137273 -100097
1.B.2.2 Portfolio investment 891 53750 -52858 1388 68992 -67605
1.B.2.3 Other investment 7254 82531 -75277 6057 81591 -75534
1.B.2.4 Reserve assets 24639 11 24628 28344 173 28171
1.B.3 Other primary income 15368 5032 10336 19883 3543 16340
1.C Secondary Income (1.C.1+1.C.2) 412825 36892 375933 447530 44723 402807
1.C.1 Financial corporations, nonfinancial corporations, households, and NPISHs 411120 31682 379438 445567 39827 405740
1.C.1.1 Personal transfers (Current transfers between resident and/ non-resident households) 396282 25399 370883 430894 31033 399861
1.C.1.2 Other current transfers 14837 6282 8555 14674 8794 5879
1.C.2 General government 1705 5210 -3505 1962 4895 -2933
2 Capital Account (2.1+2.2) 2910 1909 1001 2515 2700 -186
2.1 Gross acquisitions (DR.)/disposals (CR.) of non-produced nonfinancial assets 680 416 264 946 674 273
2.2 Capital transfers 2230 1493 737 1568 2027 -458
3 Financial Account (3.1 to 3.5) 3698957 3600303 98655 4146357 3838230 308128
3.1 Direct Investment (3.1A+3.1B) 474811 235898 238913 415421 220369 195052
3.1.A Direct Investment in India 404057 120765 283292 392944 138968 253977
3.1.A.1 Equity and investment fund shares 382769 116159 266609 374192 137559 236633
3.1.A.1.1 Equity other than reinvestment of earnings 299982 116159 183822 293352 137559 155793
3.1.A.1.2 Reinvestment of earnings 82787 82787 80840 80840
3.1.A.2 Debt instruments 21289 4606 16683 18753 1409 17344
3.1.A.2.1 Direct investor in direct investment enterprises 21289 4606 16683 18753 1409 17344
3.1.B Direct Investment by India 70753 115133 -44379 22477 81402 -58925
3.1.B.1 Equity and investment fund shares 70753 85296 -14543 22477 52253 -29776
3.1.B.1.1 Equity other than reinvestment of earnings 70753 65675 5079 22477 33866 -11389
3.1.B.1.2 Reinvestment of earnings 19621 -19621 18387 -18387
3.1.B.2 Debt instruments 29836 -29836 29149 -29149
3.1.B.2.1 Direct investor in direct investment enterprises 29836 -29836 29149 -29149
3.2 Portfolio Investment 1607507 1557026 50482 1902228 1759597 142632
3.2.A Portfolio Investment in India 1592617 1541095 51522 1892201 1749253 142948
3.2.1 Equity and investment fund shares 1271983 1214640 57342 1493388 1482887 10501
3.2.2 Debt securities 320634 326455 -5820 398813 266366 132447
3.2.B Portfolio Investment by India 14890 15931 -1040 10027 10344 -317
3.3 Financial derivatives (other than reserves) and employee stock options 155252 89346 65906 127419 145913 -18494
3.4 Other investment 1453014 1565426 -112412 1701289 1431535 269754
3.4.1 Other equity (ADRs/GDRs)
3.4.2 Currency and deposits 321269 403019 -81750 386460 324073 62387
3.4.2.1 Central bank (Rupee Debt Movements; NRG) 1930 16 1914 2695 2698 -3
3.4.2.2 Deposit-taking corporations, except the central bank (NRI Deposits) 319339 403003 -83664 383765 321375 62390
3.4.2.3 General government            
3.4.2.4 Other sectors            
3.4.3 Loans (External Assistance, ECBs and Banking Capital) 435424 492278 -56854 530621 470765 59856
3.4.3.A Loans to India 404641 470330 -65689 438189 381854 56334
3.4.3.B Loans by India 30783 21948 8836 92433 88911 3522
3.4.4 Insurance, pension, and standardized guarantee schemes 2976 4941 -1965 762 11597 -10835
3.4.5 Trade credit and advances 613446 569981 43465 647895 558289 89606
3.4.6 Other accounts receivable/payable - other 79900 95207 -15307 135550 66810 68739
3.4.7 Special drawing rights      
3.5 Reserve assets 8373 152607 -144234 280816 -280816
3.5.1 Monetary gold            
3.5.2 Special drawing rights n.a.            
3.5.3 Reserve position in the IMF n.a.            
3.5.4 Other reserve assets (Foreign Currency Assets) 8373 152607 -144234 280816 -280816
4 Total assets/liabilities 3698957 3600303 98655 4146357 3838230 308128
4.1 Equity and investment fund shares 1898623 1526314 372309 2028265 1840553 187713
4.2 Debt instruments 1712061 1826175 -114113 1982542 1650051 332491
4.3 Other financial assets and liabilities 88273 247814 -159541 135550 347626 -212076
5 Net errors and omissions 5715 8903 -3187 12249 6426 5823

Table 134 : STANDARD PRESENTATION OF INDIA'S BALANCE OF PAYMENTS AS PER BPM6 -RUPEES (Concld.)
(₹ Crore)
Item/Year 2018-19 2019-20
Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
1 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 Current Account (1.A+1.B+1.C) 4503141 4902839 -399698 4552063 4723740 -171676
1.A Goods and Services (1.A.a+1.A.b) 3814488 4501566 -687078 3782579 4295100 -512521
1.A.a Goods (1.A.a.1 to 1.A.a.3) 2358211 3619072 -1260861 2270919 3385822 -1114902
1.A.a.1 General merchandise on a BOP basis 2355921 3389335 -1033415 2250245 3186424 -936179
1.A.a.2 Net exports of goods under merchanting 2290 2290 20675 20675
1.A.a.3 Nonmonetary gold 229736 -229736 199398 -199398
1.A.b Services (1.A.b.1 to 1.A.b.13) 1456277 882494 573783 1511659 909278 602381
1.A.b.1 Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others 1841 293 1548 1654 483 1171
1.A.b.2 Maintenance and repair services n.i.e. 1325 8441 -7115 1375 8368 -6993
1.A.b.3 Transport 136100 143689 -7589 148761 172134 -23373
1.A.b.4 Travel 199142 151485 47658 212684 155741 56943
1.A.b.5 Construction 23638 17658 5980 21982 19456 2527
1.A.b.6 Insurance and pension services 18634 12543 6091 17238 12335 4903
1.A.b.7 Financial services 34019 24428 9591 33519 20803 12716
1.A.b.8 Charges for the use of intellectual property n.i.e. 4823 56132 -51309 6600 54575 -47975
1.A.b.9 Telecommunications, computer, and information services 604090 51761 552329 681463 72457 609006
1.A.b.10 Other business services 273644 282815 -9170 324150 332437 -8287
1.A.b.11 Personal, cultural, and recreational services 12943 17993 -5050 15653 22215 -6562
1.A.b.12 Government goods and services n.i.e. 4260 7795 -3535 4677 7841 -3164
1.A.b.13 Others n.i.e. 141818 107462 34356 41902 30432 11470
1.B Primary Income (1.B.1 to 1.B.3) 152769 355093 -202324 178528 371642 -193114
1.B.1 Compensation of employees 33177 16637 16540 39880 19112 20768
1.B.2 Investment income 96987 331012 -234026 109491 347379 -237888
1.B.2.1 Direct investment 46499 152257 -105758 49009 157724 -108715
1.B.2.2 Portfolio investment 1352 74359 -73007 1534 78219 -76685
1.B.2.3 Other investment 6327 104023 -97696 9669 111063 -101393
1.B.2.4 Reserve assets 42809 374 42435 49279 373 48906
1.B.3 Other primary income 22605 7444 15161 29158 5151 24007
1.C Secondary Income (1.C.1+1.C.2) 535884 46180 489704 590956 56998 533959
1.C.1 Financial corporations, nonfinancial corporations, households, and NPISHs 534207 40468 493740 589854 49490 540364
1.C.1.1 Personal transfers (Current transfers between resident and/ non-resident households) 516862 30162 486700 572606 36173 536433
1.C.1.2 Other current transfers 17345 10306 7039 17248 13317 3931
1.C.2 General government 1677 5712 -4035 1102 7508 -6406
2 Capital Account (2.1+2.2) 2370 3540 -1170 3032 10664 -7632
2.1 Gross acquisitions (DR.)/disposals (CR.) of non-produced nonfinancial assets 595 1098 -503 339 7449 -7110
2.2 Capital transfers 1775 2442 -667 2693 3215 -522
3 Financial Account (3.1 to 3.5) 3910577 3506329 404248 4327950 4155693 172257
3.1 Direct Investment (3.1A+3.1B) 453100 239063 214036 551647 246827 304820
3.1.A Direct Investment in India 433069 131136 301932 527347 130392 396955
3.1.A.1 Equity and investment fund shares 410131 129397 280734 467051 129168 337883
3.1.A.1.1 Equity other than reinvestment of earnings 314461 129397 185064 366490 129168 237322
3.1.A.1.2 Reinvestment of earnings 95671 95671 100561 100561
3.1.A.2 Debt instruments 22937 1739 21198 60296 1224 59072
3.1.A.2.1 Direct investor in direct investment enterprises 22937 1739 21198 60296 1224 59072
3.1.B Direct Investment by India 20031 107927 -87896 24300 116435 -92135
3.1.B.1 Equity and investment fund shares 20031 71391 -51360 24300 76109 -51809
3.1.B.1.1 Equity other than reinvestment of earnings 20031 50188 -30157 24300 53771 -29471
3.1.B.1.2 Reinvestment of earnings 21203 -21203 22338 -22338
3.1.B.2 Debt instruments 36536 -36536 40326 -40326
3.1.B.2.1 Direct investor in direct investment enterprises 36536 -36536 40326 -40326
3.2 Portfolio Investment 1784008 1798633 -14625 2063100 2055705 7395
3.2.A Portfolio Investment in India 1761779 1774552 -12773 2015956 2014755 1200
3.2.1 Equity and investment fund shares 1428578 1417318 11260 1527940 1532035 -4095
3.2.2 Debt securities 333201 357234 -24033 488016 482720 5295
3.2.B Portfolio Investment by India 22229 24080 -1852 47144 40949 6194
3.3 Financial derivatives (other than reserves) and employee stock options 151279 143451 7828 233941 204769 29172
3.4 Other investment 1402173 1225369 176804 1479262 1225186 254076
3.4.1 Other equity (ADRs/GDRs) 12768 12768
3.4.2 Currency and deposits 420873 346672 74201 395121 338615 56507
3.4.2.1 Central bank (Rupee Debt Movements; NRG) 7099 4795 2304 817 5433 -4616
3.4.2.2 Deposit-taking corporations, except the central bank (NRI Deposits) 413774 341877 71897 394304 333182 61123
3.4.2.3 General government
3.4.2.4 Other sectors
3.4.3 Loans (External Assistance, ECBs and Banking Capital) 583086 509388 73698 600239 505619 94620
3.4.3.A Loans to India 485182 415457 69724 551460 465278 86182
3.4.3.B Loans by India 97904 93930 3974 48779 40341 8438
3.4.4 Insurance, pension, and standardized guarantee schemes 1286 9313 -8027 2326 6753 -4426
3.4.5 Trade credit and advances 301846 286662 15184 274682 282385 -7704
3.4.6 Other accounts receivable/payable - other 82314 73334 8980 206894 91815 115079
3.4.7 Special drawing rights
3.5 Reserve assets 120018 99814 20204 423206 -423206
3.5.1 Monetary gold      
3.5.2 Special drawing rights n.a.      
3.5.3 Reserve position in the IMF n.a.      
3.5.4 Other reserve assets (Foreign Currency Assets) 120018 99814 20204 423206 -423206
4 Total assets/liabilities 3910577 3506329 404248 4327950 4155693 172257
4.1 Equity and investment fund shares 2033534 1794951 238583 2302703 1989784 312919
4.2 Debt instruments 1661943 1538231 123712 1818354 1650889 167465
4.3 Other financial assets and liabilities 215100 173148 41952 206894 515020 -308126
5 Net errors and omissions 4083 7463 -3380 13260 6210 7051

n.i.e : not included elsewhere.
Notes : 1.Data for 2019-20 are preliminary estimates.
2.Totals may not tally due to rounding off.
Also see Notes on Tables.


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