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Date : Apr 01, 2021
Census on Foreign Liabilities and Assets of Indian Direct Investment Entities, 2019-20

Today, the Reserve Bank released the provisional results of the 2019-20* round of the annual census on foreign liabilities and assets (FLA) covering cross-border liabilities and assets of the entities with inward/outward direct investment (DI). These entities include companies, limited liability partnership (LLP), alternative investment fund (AIF) and partnership firms.

Out of the 30,753 reported entities in the latest census round, 27,801 had foreign direct investment (FDI) and/or overseas direct investment (ODI) in their balance sheet. Of these entities, 22,881 had reported in the previous census round; 4,920 reported only in the current round and 2,128 entities, which reported in the previous round, did not report in the current round. Nearly three-fourth of the reported inward direct investment companies were subsidiaries of foreign companies (i.e., single foreign investor holding more than 50 per cent of total equity).

The census captures detailed information on (a) market value of liabilities and assets of Indian DI companies arising on account of cross-border direct investment and other investments; and (b) other business parameters (activity sector, sales, purchase, exports and imports). The changes in outstanding assets/liabilities would be different from flows recorded in the balance of payments (BoP) statistics during a year, as the former would also include valuation changes due to price, exchange rate movements and other changes.

Main Findings:

  • Around 97 per cent of the DI entities were unlisted and had higher foreign equity participation vis-à-vis listed companies (Tables 1 and 2A).

  • FDI equity had 79.1 per cent share in total equity capital at face value; non-financial companies attracted lion’s share in total FDI (Table 2B).

  • Total FDI in India increased by 1.2 per cent at market value (in rupee terms) during 2019-20; the year-end market valuation of equity, especially that of the listed companies, was strongly influenced by the stock market crash in March 2020 at the onset of Covid-19 pandemic. FDI equity of unlisted companies# witnessed a 15.9 per cent growth during the same period (Table 3A).

  • Total ODI recorded higher growth of 13.4 percent during 2019-20. The ratio of inward to outward direct investment at market value stood at 4.7 per cent in March 2020 (Table 3B).

  • Other investment liabilities (viz., trade credit, loans, ‘currency and deposits’ and other payable with unrelated (third party) non-resident entities) of DI companies in India were placed at USD 245.6 billion whereas their corresponding overseas assets stood at USD 98.4 billion in March 2020 (Table 4).

  • Manufacturing sector share in total FDI equity capital stood at 45.5 per cent at face value and 52.3 per cent at market value.

  • Food products and automobiles (motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers) had significant share in the FDI in manufacturing sector; in the services sector, ‘information and communication services’ and ‘financial and insurance activities’ were the top FDI recipients (Tables 7 and 8).

  • Domestic sales, domestic purchases and exports of foreign subsidiaries in India recorded modest growth whereas their imports contracted during 2019-20, (Tables 9A and 9B).

  • Exports of foreign subsidiaries in India accounted for 32.6 per cent of their total sales, while imports had 34.8 per cent share in their purchases during 2019-20. Exports constituted nearly three fourths of the sales of foreign subsidiaries in the information and communication services; this sector accounted for nearly half of the total exports by foreign subsidiaries (Tables 9C and 9D).

  • Sales (including exports) and purchases (including imports) of overseas subsidiaries of Indian companies recorded marginal growth during 2019-20 (Table 10A and 10B).

  • Imports constituted 62.6 per cent of total purchases by overseas subsidiaries of Indian companies whereas their exports contributed 50.6 per cent in total sales (Table 10C and 10D).

(Yogesh Dayal)     
Chief General Manager

Press Release: 2021-2022/02


Table 1: Coverage in FLA Census, 2019-20
Category Types of Entity No. of Entities with Direct Investment
Both Inward & Outward Only Inward Only Outward Total
Unlisted Foreign Associate companies in India 408 4,644 - 5,052
Foreign Subsidiary companies in India 292 18,061 - 18,353
Other companies - - 2,442 2,442
Alternative Investment Funds 25 128 12 165
LLP$ and Partnership Firms 6 685 193 884
Total 731 23,518 2,647 26,896
Listed Foreign Associate companies in India 79 137 - 216
Foreign Subsidiary companies in India 33 82 - 115
Other companies - - 574 574
Total 112 219 574 905
Grand Total 843 23,737 3,221 27,801
$ Limited Liabilities Partnership (LLP)

Table 2A: Foreign Equity Participation - Listed and Unlisted FDI entities
(amount in ₹ crore at face value, end-March 2020)
Category Unlisted Listed Total
Amount per cent Amount per cent Amount
No. of entities (actual) 24,249 98.7 331 1.3 24,580
Paid-up Capital (PUC) 8,67,144 93.1 64,431 6.9 9,31,575
of which Equity Capital 8,31,112 93.1 61,643 6.9 8,92,755
of which FDI Equity Capital 6,91,996 98.0 13,775 2.0 7,05,771
Note: Components may not add up to the total due to rounding off (applicable for all tables).

Table 2B: Foreign equity participation of Financial and Non-financial FDI entities
(amount in ₹ crore at face value, end-March 2020)
Category No of Entities Paid Up Capital (Equity & Debt) Total Equity Amount (Resident & Non-Resident) Equity Stake exclusively under FDI scheme Percentage share of FDI out of Total Equity
Financial 1,003 97,141 93,853 77,746 82.8
Non-Financial 23,577 8,34,434 7,98,902 6,28,025 78.6
Total 24,580 9,31,575 8,92,755 7,05,771 79.1

Table 3A: Inward Direct Investment for Listed and Unlisted Entities
(amount in ₹ crore at market value, end-March)
Direct Investment Listed Companies Unlisted Companies
2019 2020 2019 2020
Equity 15,62,207 13,28,566 14,87,542 17,24,078
Debt 13,972 11,844 1,56,994 1,94,738
Total 15,76,179 13,40,410 16,44,536 19,18,816

Table 3B: Total Inward and Outward Direct Investment
(amount in ₹ crore at market value, end-March)
Direct Investment Inward Outward
2019 2020 2019 2020
Equity 30,49,749 30,52,644 4,60,403 5,36,057
Debt 1,70,966 2,06,582 1,54,285 1,61,216
Total 32,20,715 32,59,226 6,14,688 6,97,273

Table 4: Other Foreign Liabilities/Assets of Direct Investment Entities
(amount in ₹ crore, end-March)
Other Investment Outstanding liabilities with unrelated party Outstanding assets on unrelated party
2019 2020 2019 2020
Trade Credits 4,07,003 4,46,513 2,46,280 3,03,846
Loans 7,66,646 8,49,744 2,07,305 2,39,449
Currency & Deposits 3,22,340 3,60,029 93,663 70,934
Other receivable and payable accounts 1,76,686 1,95,540 1,18,907 1,27,852
Total 16,72,675 18,51,826 6,66,155 7,42,081

Table 5: Country-wise distribution of Inward Direct Investment
(amount in ₹ crore at market value, end-March)
Country Total FDI Equity Debt
2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020
United Kingdom 5,08,610 5,31,200 4,98,181 5,23,384 10,429 7,816
United States of America 5,77,412 5,25,771 5,75,311 5,23,182 2,101 2,589
Mauritius 5,02,191 4,86,561 4,73,158 4,44,750 29,033 41,811
Singapore 3,76,185 4,14,299 3,36,153 3,72,241 40,032 42,058
Netherlands 2,43,121 2,98,349 2,29,973 2,64,231 13,148 34,118
Japan 2,82,111 2,46,893 2,67,017 2,28,724 15,094 18,169
Switzerland 1,53,108 1,70,299 1,49,081 1,66,295 4,027 4,004
Germany 1,67,310 1,50,876 1,58,282 1,42,041 9,028 8,835
Republic of Korea 79,046 81,072 58,312 66,111 20,734 14,961
France 46,310 62,515 44,038 59,373 2,272 3,142
Other countries 2,85,311 2,91,391 2,60,243 2,62,312 25,068 29,079
All Countries 32,20,715 32,59,226 30,49,749 30,52,644 1,70,966 2,06,582

Table 6: Country-wise distribution of ODI stock
(amount in ₹ crore at market value, end-March)
Country Total ODI Equity Debt
2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020
Singapore 1,09,854 1,38,105 83,635 1,18,854 26,219 19,251
United States of America 86,447 95,308 48,086 54,952 38,361 40,356
Netherlands 91,069 95,082 72,207 78,682 18,862 16,400
Mauritius 78,961 89,219 61,647 67,379 17,314 21,840
United Kingdom 37,865 49,627 33,054 44,056 4,811 5,571
United Arab Emirates 40,558 48,199 32,198 35,505 8,360 12,694
Switzerland 20,786 24,877 13,184 16,422 7,602 8,455
Jersey 18,105 19,326 18,056 19,276 49 50
Cyprus 20,059 17,075 18,708 15,420 1,351 1,655
UK Virgin Islands 12,771 15,203 4,768 6,237 8,003 8,966
Other countries 98,213 1,05,252 74,860 79,274 23,353 25,978
All Countries 6,14,688 6,97,273 4,60,403 5,36,057 1,54,285 1,61,216

Table 7: Activity-wise equity participation of the Indian entities
(amount in ₹ crore at face value, end-March 2020)
Activity Total Equity (Including Resident & Non-Resident) Equity Stake under FDI Scheme Percentage share of FDI in total Equity
1. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 2,467 2,342 94.9
2. Mining 3,564 2,393 67.1
3. Manufacturing 3,65,851 3,21,257 87.8
4. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 58,606 37,417 63.8
5. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 3,696 2,937 79.5
6. Construction 36,638 30,347 82.8
7.Information and communication 92,033 47,392 51.5
8.Other Services 3,29,900 2,61,686 79.3
Total 8,92,755 7,05,771 79.1
Note: An entity is classified to an activity from which it has earned major revenue, if it has more than one activity [National Industrial Classification (NIC) code].

Table 8: Activity-wise distribution in 24,580 FDI entities
(amount in ₹ crore at market value, end-March 2020)
Activity No. of entities Equity Debt Total
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 128 9,090 207 9,297
B. Mining 142 8,310 651 8,961
C. Manufacturing 5,712 15,97,889 1,15,520 17,13,409
1. Food products 252 1,58,408 6,294 1,64,702
2. Beverages 56 36,191 246 36,437
3.Tobacco products 4 52,562 0 52,562
4. Textiles 149 3,800 267 4,067
5. Wearing Apparel 67 11,946 686 12,632
6. Leather and related products 34 8,986 70 9,056
7.Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 7 10 23 33
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 53 2,634 114 2,748
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 26 366 28 394
10.Coke and refined petroleum products 27 37,486 173 37,659
11.Chemicals and chemical products 421 1,39,368 4,400 1,43,768
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 290 1,25,243 9,989 1,35,232
13.Rubber and plastics products 233 25,971 2,491 28,462
14.Other non-metallic mineral products 67 38,997 669 39,666
15.Basic metals 108 55,484 26,442 81,926
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 227 9,392 1,630 11,022
17.Computer, electronic and optical products 207 64,650 13,945 78,595
18. Electrical equipment 432 74,147 9,290 83,437
19.Machinery and equipment not elsewhere classified 971 1,04,626 9,007 1,13,633
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 223 1,66,639 11,664 1,78,303
21. Other transport equipment 135 27,127 2,051 29,178
22. Furniture 32 670 123 793
23. Other manufacturing 1,493 4,48,366 15,547 4,63,913
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 198 4,820 371 5,191
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 660 72,259 16,970 89,229
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 120 3,873 86 3,959
F. Construction 944 45,772 17,156 62,928
G. Services 16,874 13,15,451 55,992 13,71,443
1.Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 2,305 88,556 18,589 1,07,145
2.Transportation and storage 558 55,117 2,318 57,435
3.Accommodation and Food service activities 510 27,950 2,385 30,335
4.Information and communication 6,387 5,58,220 1,259 5,59,479
5.Financial and insurance activities 1,038 3,89,324 18,333 4,07,657
6.Real estate activities 293 17,832 4,704 22,536
7.Other Services activities 5,783 1,78,452 8,404 1,86,856
Total 24,580 30,52,644 2,06,582 32,59,226

Table 9A: Activity-wise Sales of 18,468* Foreign subsidiary companies in India
(amount in ₹ crore)
Activity No. of entities 2018-19 2019-20 Percentage share in total (2019-20)
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 42 7,949 9,009 0.3
B. Mining 34 2,300 2,029 0.1
C. Manufacturing 3,362 15,76,534 15,60,549 51.3
1. Food products 132 62,881 68,360 2.2
2. Beverages 22 62,434 64,148 2.1
3.Tobacco products 0 0 0 0.0
4. Textiles 52 5,360 5,511 0.2
5. Wearing Apparel 29 4,261 4,624 0.2
6. Leather and related products 17 4,580 4,866 0.2
7.Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 3 44 44 0.0
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 27 4,898 5,077 0.2
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 15 562 616 0.0
10.Coke and refined petroleum products 13 20,465 20,295 0.7
11.Chemicals and chemical products 262 1,11,188 1,14,154 3.8
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 129 51,616 54,120 1.8
13.Rubber and plastics products 146 32,318 31,294 1.0
14.Other non-metallic mineral products 37 20,030 20,116 0.7
15.Basic metals 49 19,861 18,380 0.6
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 126 15,702 16,017 0.5
17.Computer, electronic and optical products 103 1,88,493 2,23,868 7.4
18. Electrical equipment 277 99,673 1,07,276 3.5
19.Machinery and equipment not elsewhere classified 632 1,33,789 1,30,744 4.3
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 134 3,19,773 2,86,086 9.4
21. Other transport equipment 86 41,932 37,053 1.2
22. Furniture 19 1,192 1,460 0.0
23. Other manufacturing 911 3,67,473 3,37,567 11.1
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 141 8,009 8,873 0.3
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 241 25,217 25,337 0.8
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 56 3,468 3,604 0.1
F. Construction 315 29,164 29,707 1.0
G. Services 10,250 12,90,525 14,12,104 46.4
1.Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 1,473 3,57,471 3,60,412 11.8
2.Transportation and storage 317 67,244 61,479 2.0
3.Accommodation and Food service activities 159 10,305 11,838 0.4
4.Information and communication 4,403 5,90,636 6,65,456 21.9
5.Financial and insurance activities 347 44,438 53,432 1.8
6.Real estate activities 69 8,561 10,555 0.3
7.Other Services activities 3,482 2,11,870 2,48,932 8.2
Total 14,300 29,35,157 30,42,339 100.0
*Of the 18,468 subsidiary companies, 14,300 reported sales

Table 9B: Activity-wise Purchase of 18,468* Foreign subsidiary companies in India
(amount in ₹ crore)
Activity No. of entities 2018-19 2019-20 Percentage share in total (2019-20)
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 38 5,618 6,787 0.3
B. Mining 30 1,779 1,189 0.1
C. Manufacturing 3,278 11,68,433 11,46,682 55.4
1. Food products 130 45,320 50,551 2.4
2. Beverages 21 35,414 35,301 1.7
3.Tobacco products 0 0 0 0.0
4. Textiles 49 3,589 3,741 0.2
5. Wearing Apparel 26 2,432 2,755 0.1
6. Leather and related products 16 2,233 2,438 0.1
7.Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 3 26 23 0.0
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 25 4,364 2,982 0.1
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 10 169 160 0.0
10.Coke and refined petroleum products 13 10,994 10,599 0.5
11.Chemicals and chemical products 253 72,495 72,309 3.5
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 128 37,043 37,988 1.8
13.Rubber and plastics products 141 21,984 20,439 1.0
14.Other non-metallic mineral products 39 13,573 13,422 0.6
15.Basic metals 48 19,576 19,553 0.9
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 127 10,868 10,217 0.5
17.Computer, electronic and optical products 98 1,68,062 1,95,790 9.5
18. Electrical equipment 278 65,590 76,135 3.7
19.Machinery and equipment not elsewhere classified 629 96,876 95,076 4.6
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 133 2,44,591 2,30,972 11.2
21. Other transport equipment 84 28,079 23,979 1.2
22. Furniture 18 712 817 0.0
23. Other manufacturing 885 2,79,908 2,36,510 11.4
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 124 4,535 4,925 0.2
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 169 18,862 19,804 1.0
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 47 1,931 2,572 0.1
F. Construction 263 20,932 21,823 1.1
G. Services 6,096 8,28,433 8,70,093 42.1
1.Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 1,392 3,22,919 3,09,826 15.0
2.Transportation and storage 247 48,227 44,647 2.2
3.Accommodation and Food service activities 135 5,623 5,958 0.3
4.Information and communication 1,990 2,93,940 3,17,272 15.3
5.Financial and insurance activities 217 24,767 32,205 1.6
6.Real estate activities 63 7,732 9,743 0.5
7.Other Services activities 2,052 1,25,225 1,50,442 7.3
Total 9,921 20,45,988 20,68,950 100.0
*Of the 18,468 subsidiary companies, 9,921 reported purchase

Table 9C: Activity-wise Export of 18,468* Foreign subsidiary companies in India
(amount in ₹ crore)
Activity 2018-19 2019-20
Amount Amount Percentage share in total Percentage share in sales
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 569 583 0.1 6.5
B. Mining 223 188 0.0 9.3
C. Manufacturing 2,92,729 3,13,157 31.5 20.1
1. Food products 8,250 7,823 0.8 11.4
2. Beverages 604 1,023 0.1 1.6
3.Tobacco products 0 0 0.0 0.0
4. Textiles 1,937 2,009 0.2 36.5
5. Wearing Apparel 1,685 2,141 0.2 46.3
6. Leather and related products 462 533 0.1 11.0
7.Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 5 6 0.0 13.6
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 902 1,052 0.1 20.7
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 282 357 0.0 58.0
10.Coke and refined petroleum products 5,630 6,011 0.6 29.6
11.Chemicals and chemical products 17,876 18,298 1.8 16.0
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 25,453 27,131 2.7 50.1
13.Rubber and plastics products 6,359 6,863 0.7 21.9
14.Other non-metallic mineral products 1,866 1,675 0.2 8.3
15.Basic metals 2,278 1,793 0.2 9.8
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 3,492 3,538 0.4 22.1
17.Computer, electronic and optical products 34,483 50,891 5.1 22.7
18. Electrical equipment 19,214 22,749 2.3 21.2
19.Machinery and equipment not elsewhere classified 30,122 30,486 3.1 23.3
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 65,010 60,790 6.1 21.2
21. Other transport equipment 15,044 13,345 1.3 36.0
22. Furniture 352 359 0.0 24.6
23. Other manufacturing 49,772 52,561 5.3 15.6
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 1,651 1,723 0.2 19.4
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 952 1,346 0.1 5.3
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 186 244 0.0 6.8
F. Construction 1,352 1,383 0.1 4.7
G. Services 6,06,168 6,75,836 68.1 47.9
1.Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 39,621 27,085 2.7 7.5
2.Transportation and storage 11,459 12,245 1.2 19.9
3.Accommodation and Food service activities 1,931 1,559 0.2 13.2
4.Information and communication 4,38,430 5,00,461 50.4 75.2
5.Financial and insurance activities 9,478 9,649 1.0 18.1
6.Real estate activities 99 114 0.0 1.1
7.Other Services activities 1,05,150 1,24,723 12.6 50.1
Total 9,02,179 9,92,737 100.0 32.6
*Of the 18,468 subsidiary companies, 10,252 reported exports

Table 9D: Activity-wise Import of 18,468* Foreign Subsidiary Companies in India
(amount in ₹ crore)
Activity 2018-19 2019-20
Amount Amount Percentage share in total Percentage share in purchase
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 439 891 0.1 13.1
B. Mining 536 458 0.1 38.5
C. Manufacturing 5,15,873 5,18,754 72.0 45.2
1. Food products 11,171 13,537 1.9 26.8
2. Beverages 1,609 1,703 0.2 4.8
3.Tobacco products 0 0 0.0 0.0
4. Textiles 1,159 1,075 0.1 28.7
5. Wearing Apparel 776 1,219 0.2 44.2
6. Leather and related products 834 898 0.1 36.8
7.Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 1 1 0.0 4.3
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 1,784 1,387 0.2 46.5
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 47 48 0.0 30.0
10.Coke and refined petroleum products 4,839 4,176 0.6 39.4
11.Chemicals and chemical products 41,496 40,470 5.6 56.0
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 17,652 17,024 2.4 44.8
13.Rubber and plastics products 9,751 9,237 1.3 45.2
14.Other non-metallic mineral products 2,881 2,734 0.4 20.4
15.Basic metals 8,387 8,285 1.2 42.4
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 3,296 3,235 0.4 31.7
17.Computer, electronic and optical products 1,19,142 1,54,530 21.5 78.9
18. Electrical equipment 31,694 37,817 5.3 49.7
19.Machinery and equipment not elsewhere classified 38,230 36,513 5.1 38.4
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 50,965 49,623 6.9 21.5
21. Other transport equipment 11,291 8,387 1.2 35.0
22. Furniture 372 502 0.1 61.4
23. Other manufacturing 1,56,074 1,23,815 17.2 52.4
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 2,422 2,538 0.4 51.5
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 6,213 6,366 0.9 32.1
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 261 328 0.0 12.8
F. Construction 2,429 2,018 0.3 9.2
G. Services 2,03,506 1,91,258 26.6 22.0
1.Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 1,26,347 1,09,098 15.2 35.2
2.Transportation and storage 5,633 4,990 0.7 11.2
3.Accommodation and Food service activities 726 695 0.1 11.7
4.Information and communication 53,029 54,169 7.5 17.1
5.Financial and insurance activities 1,601 2,205 0.3 6.8
6.Real estate activities 79 159 0.0 1.6
7.Other Services activities 16,091 19,942 2.8 13.3
Total 7,29,257 7,20,073 100.0 34.8
*Of the 18,468 subsidiary companies, 5,869 reported imports

Table 10A: Activity-wise Sales of 5,886 Overseas Subsidiaries of 3,499 Indian entities
(amount in ₹ crore)
Activity No. of Companies 2018-19 2019-20 Percentage share in total (2019-20)
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 21 1,643 1,698 0.3
B. Mining 65 13,573 15,797 2.6
C. Manufacturing 1,143 3,13,627 3,05,964 50.0
1. Food products 66 7,036 7,972 1.3
2. Beverages 11 3,209 3,385 0.6
3. Tobacco products 8 736 746 0.1
4. Textiles 56 3,270 3,116 0.5
5. Wearing Apparel 26 2,275 2,468 0.4
6. Leather and related products 19 6,844 6,209 1.0
7. Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 10 424 320 0.1
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 10 663 765 0.1
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 4 181 167 0.0
10. Coke and refined petroleum products 10 94,654 97,477 15.9
11. Chemicals and chemical products 119 31,071 25,519 4.2
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 152 44,406 48,561 7.9
13. Rubber and plastics products 52 2,792 2,776 0.5
14. Other non-metallic mineral products 13 1,263 1,281 0.2
15. Basic metals 34 4,452 5,165 0.8
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 30 7,296 7,209 1.2
17. Computer, electronic and optical products 21 2,267 3,381 0.6
18. Electrical equipment 44 1,761 2,080 0.3
19. Machinery and equipment not elsewhere classified 102 8,334 7,336 1.2
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 25 34,119 27,258 4.5
21. Other transport equipment 14 2,829 3,127 0.5
22. Furniture 3 252 347 0.1
23. Other manufacturing 303 53,405 49,181 8.0
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 11 88 118 0.0
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 42 2,116 2,006 0.3
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 8 632 390 0.1
F. Construction 90 6,055 5,424 0.9
G. Services 2,130 2,65,551 2,80,601 45.9
1. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 299 51,969 52,591 8.6
2. Transportation and storage 82 13,463 15,702 2.6
3. Accommodation and Food service activities 67 596 727 0.1
4. Information and communication 857 1,35,049 1,50,612 24.6
5. Financial and insurance activities 196 13,488 11,389 1.9
6. Real estate activities 67 927 1,039 0.2
7. Other Services activities 562 50,059 48,541 7.9
Total 3,499 6,03,197 6,11,880 100.0

Table 10B: Activity-wise Purchase of 5,886 Overseas Subsidiaries of 3,499 Indian entities
(amount in ₹ crore)
Activity No. of Companies 2018-19 2019-20 Percentage share in total (2019-20)
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 21 5,417 6,134 1.2
B. Mining 65 8,862 10,913 2.2
C. Manufacturing 1,143 2,62,977 2,66,741 53.2
1. Food products 66 5,837 6,958 1.4
2. Beverages 11 1,354 1,302 0.3
3. Tobacco products 8 292 329 0.1
4. Textiles 56 2,184 1,835 0.4
5. Wearing Apparel 26 1,781 1,925 0.4
6. Leather and related products 19 5,755 5,130 1.0
7. Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 10 404 272 0.1
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 10 519 624 0.1
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 4 111 111 0.0
10. Coke and refined petroleum products 10 92,722 94,662 18.9
11. Chemicals and chemical products 119 20,425 21,318 4.3
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 152 31,121 35,804 7.1
13. Rubber and plastics products 52 2,041 2,102 0.4
14. Other non-metallic mineral products 13 799 901 0.2
15. Basic metals 34 4,927 10,100 2.0
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 30 6,571 5,929 1.2
17. Computer, electronic and optical products 21 2,077 2,943 0.6
18. Electrical equipment 44 2,097 1,688 0.3
19. Machinery and equipment not elsewhere classified 102 5,753 6,112 1.2
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 25 31,802 30,060 6.0
21. Other transport equipment 14 1,982 2,096 0.4
22. Furniture 3 159 246 0.0
23. Other manufacturing 303 42,242 34,276 6.8
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 11 22 18 0.0
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 42 1,179 1,528 0.3
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 8 588 370 0.1
F. Construction 90 3,951 3,557 0.7
G. Services 2,130 2,17,367 2,11,707 42.3
1. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 299 48,923 47,567 9.5
2. Transportation and storage 82 12,446 14,472 2.9
3. Accommodation and Food service activities 67 6,129 556 0.1
4. Information and communication 857 84,976 93,821 18.7
5. Financial and insurance activities 196 17,970 11,681 2.3
6. Real estate activities 67 913 1,791 0.4
7. Other Services activities 562 46,010 41,819 8.3
Total 3,499 5,00,341 5,00,950 100.0

Table 10C: Activity-wise Exports of 5,886 Overseas Subsidiaries of 3,499 Indian entities
(amount in ₹ crore)
Activity 2018-19 2019-20
Amount Amount Percentage share in total Percentage share in sales
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 530 559 0.2 32.9
B. Mining 7,053 8,754 2.8 55.4
C. Manufacturing 1,62,612 1,70,679 55.2 55.8
1. Food products 2,711 3,637 1.2 45.6
2. Beverages 712 658 0.2 19.4
3. Tobacco products 736 746 0.2 100.0
4. Textiles 1,958 2,034 0.7 65.3
5. Wearing Apparel 1,820 1,927 0.6 78.1
6. Leather and related products 6,103 5,472 1.8 88.1
7. Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 415 293 0.1 91.6
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 483 575 0.2 75.2
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 66 51 0.0 30.5
10. Coke and refined petroleum products 90,683 93,575 30.2 96.0
11. Chemicals and chemical products 13,159 15,103 4.9 59.2
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 9,586 13,395 4.3 27.6
13. Rubber and plastics products 1,136 981 0.3 35.3
14. Other non-metallic mineral products 164 243 0.1 19.0
15. Basic metals 510 529 0.2 10.2
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 3,108 3,219 1.0 44.7
17. Computer, electronic and optical products 1,949 3,316 1.1 98.1
18. Electrical equipment 632 982 0.3 47.2
19. Machinery and equipment not elsewhere classified 3,694 3,538 1.1 48.2
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 6,302 5,277 1.7 19.4
21. Other transport equipment 719 858 0.3 27.4
22. Furniture 44 18 0.0 5.2
23. Other manufacturing 15,922 14,252 4.6 29.0
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 0 0 0.0 0.0
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1,192 1,103 0.4 55.0
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 38 32 0.0 8.2
F. Construction 3,472 3,540 1.1 65.3
G. Services 1,26,724 1,24,797 40.3 44.5
1. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 40,616 39,009 12.6 74.2
2. Transportation and storage 10,368 11,944 3.9 76.1
3. Accommodation and Food service activities 115 66 0.0 9.1
4. Information and communication 32,735 35,432 11.4 23.5
5. Financial and insurance activities 6,413 6,264 2.0 55.0
6. Real estate activities 748 731 0.2 70.4
7. Other Services activities 35,729 31,351 10.1 64.6
Total 3,01,621 3,09,464 100.0 50.6

Table 10D: Activity-wise Imports of 5,886 Overseas Subsidiaries of 3,499 Indian entities
(amount in ₹ crore)
Activity 2018-19 2019-20
Amount Amount Percentage share in total Percentage share in purchase
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 4,903 5,762 1.8 93.9
B. Mining 6,036 7,916 2.5 72.5
C. Manufacturing 1,86,286 1,85,779 59.2 69.6
1. Food products 3,290 4,453 1.4 64.0
2. Beverages 220 221 0.1 17.0
3. Tobacco products 282 313 0.1 95.1
4. Textiles 1,864 1,593 0.5 86.8
5. Wearing Apparel 468 550 0.2 28.6
6. Leather and related products 5,471 4,880 1.6 95.1
7. Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 197 204 0.1 75.0
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 229 231 0.1 37.0
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 51 32 0.0 28.8
10. Coke and refined petroleum products 89,300 93,088 29.7 98.3
11. Chemicals and chemical products 13,950 14,575 4.6 68.4
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 23,926 27,058 8.6 75.6
13. Rubber and plastics products 1,414 1,379 0.4 65.6
14. Other non-metallic mineral products 168 401 0.1 44.5
15. Basic metals 2,746 2,941 0.9 29.1
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 3,791 3,929 1.3 66.3
17. Computer, electronic and optical products 1,623 2,898 0.9 98.5
18. Electrical equipment 957 1,241 0.4 73.5
19. Machinery and equipment not elsewhere classified 6,381 1,862 0.6 30.5
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 5,657 4,310 1.4 14.3
21. Other transport equipment 819 876 0.3 41.8
22. Furniture 156 236 0.1 95.9
23. Other manufacturing 23,326 18,508 5.9 54.0
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 0 0 0.0 0.0
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 516 426 0.1 27.9
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 25 17 0.0 4.6
F. Construction 1,222 480 0.2 13.5
G. Services 1,17,787 1,13,410 36.1 53.6
1. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 36,485 32,474 10.3 68.3
2. Transportation and storage 6,020 5,599 1.8 38.7
3. Accommodation and Food service activities 131 322 0.1 57.9
4. Information and communication 35,826 39,716 12.7 42.3
5. Financial and insurance activities 4,535 3,701 1.2 31.7
6. Real estate activities 715 734 0.2 41.0
7. Other Services activities 34,075 30,864 9.8 73.8
Total 3,16,775 3,13,790 100.0 62.6

*: The previous data release in the series, covering 2018-19 census round, was published on April 17, 2020 on the RBI website.

#: Market value of equity of unlisted companies is compiled as per the own fund book value (OFBV) method prescribed in the Coordinate Direct Investment Survey (CDIS) Guide (2015) of the International Monetary Fund (IMF).


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