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Date : Sep 29, 2022
Developments in India’s Balance of Payments during the First Quarter (April-June) of 2022-23

Preliminary data on India’s balance of payments (BoP) for the first quarter (Q1), i.e., April-June 2022-23, are presented in Statements I (BPM6 format) and II (old format).

Key Features of India’s BoP in Q1:2022-23

  1. India’s current account balance recorded a deficit of US$ 23.9 billion (2.8 per cent of GDP) in Q1:2022-23, up from US$ 13.4 billion (1.5 per cent of GDP) in Q4:2021-221 and a surplus of US$ 6.6 billion (0.9 per cent of GDP) a year ago [i.e., Q1:2021-22].

  2. Underlying the current account deficit in Q1:2022-23 was the widening of the merchandise trade deficit to US$ 68.6 billion from US$ 54.5 billion in Q4:2021-22 and an increase in net outgo of investment income payments.

  3. Net services receipts increased, both sequentially and on a year-on-year (y-o-y) basis, on the back of rising exports of computer and business services.

  4. Services exports grew y-o-y by 35.4 per cent, led by broad-based growth in computer, business, transportation, and travel services.

  5. Private transfer receipts, mainly representing remittances by Indians employed overseas, amounted to US$ 25.6 billion, an increase of 22.6 per cent from their level a year ago.

  6. Net outgo on the income account, primarily reflecting payments of investment income, increased to US$ 9.3 billion from US$ 7.5 billion a year ago.

  7. In the financial account, net foreign direct investment increased to US$ 13.6 billion from US$ 11.6 billion a year ago.

  8. Net foreign portfolio investment recorded outflows of US$ 14.6 billion as against net inflows of US$ 0.4 billion during Q1:2021-22.

  9. Net external commercial borrowings to India recorded an outflow of US$ 3.0 billion in Q1:2022-23 as against an inflow of US$0.2 billion a year ago.

  10. Non-resident deposits recorded net inflows of US$0.3 billion as compared with US$ 2.5 billion in Q1:2021-22.

  11. There was an accretion of US$ 4.6 billion to the foreign exchange reserves (on a BoP basis) in Q1:2022-23 as compared with US$ 31.9 billion in Q1:2021-22 (Table 1).

Table 1: Major Items of India's Balance of Payments
(US$ billion)
  April-June 2022 P April-June 2021
  Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
A. Current Account 231.0 254.9 -23.9 180.1 173.5 6.6
1. Goods 123.0 191.5 -68.6 97.4 128.2 -30.7
    Of which:            
       POL 27.1 60.6 -33.6 12.9 30.9 -18.0
2. Services 76.1 45.0 31.1 56.2 30.4 25.8
3. Primary Income 6.3 15.5 -9.3 5.5 13.1 -7.5
4. Secondary Income 25.6 2.8 22.9 20.9 1.9 19.0
B. Capital Account and Financial Account 197.7 174.4 23.3 164.0 170.5 -6.5
    Of which:            
       Change in Reserves [Increase (-)/Decrease (+)] 0.0 4.6 -4.6 0.0 31.9 -31.9
C. Errors & Omissions (-) (A+B) 0.5 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.1 -0.1
P: Preliminary
Note: Total of sub-components may not tally with aggregate due to rounding off.

(Yogesh Dayal)     
Chief General Manager

Press Release: 2022-2023/957


1 https://www.rbi.org.in/Scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=53906. For longer time series data, please see: https://dbie.rbi.org.in/DBIE/dbie.rbi?site=statistics External Sector › International Trade › Quarterly/Yearly.


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