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Date : Sep 15, 2022
Table 129 : India’s Overall Balance of Payments - Rupees
(₹ Crore)
Item/Year 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19
Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
A. Current account                  
1. Merchandise 1878943 2633395 -754452 1991436 3023163 -1031727 2358211 3619072 -1260861
2. Invisibles (a+b+c) 1623552 966016 657536 1826720 1109119 717601 2144996 1284363 860633
a) Services 1101366 642916 458450 1257472 757503 499968 1456277 882494 573783
i) Travel 155929 110318 45611 182768 125778 56990 199142 151485 47658
ii)Transportation 106312 94773 11539 112418 113488 -1071 136100 143689 -7589
iii) Insurance 14795 10033 4761 16154 10957 5197 18634 12543 6091
iv) G.n.i.e. 3946 4021 -75 4280 5119 -839 4260 7795 -3535
v) Miscellaneous 820384 423771 396613 941852 502162 439690 1098141 566982 531159
of which: Software services 498700 24062 474638 498402 33125 465277 583926 40585 543340
Business services 220981 216754 4227 240722 236096 4626 273644 282815 -9170
Financial services 34193 39262 -5069 33271 35691 -2420 34019 24428 9591
Communication services 15928 6106 9822 13516 6149 7366 17956 7918 10038
b) Transfers 412918 37432 375486 447670 45224 402445 535951 46776 489175
i) Official 1798 5750 -3952 2103 5397 -3295 1743 6308 -4565
ii) Private 411120 31682 379438 445567 39827 405740 534207 40468 493740
c) Income 109268 285668 -176400 121579 306391 -184813 152769 355093 -202324
i) Investment income 82857 268614 -185757 92848 291572 -198724 119592 338456 -218864
ii) Compensation of employees 26411 17054 9357 28731 14819 13911 33177 16637 16540
Total Current account (1+2) 3502495 3599411 -96916 3818156 4132282 -314126 4503207 4903435 -400227
B. Capital account                  
1. Foreign investment (a+b) 2082318 1792924 289394 2317650 1979966 337684 2249875 2037696 212179
a) Foreign direct investment (i+ii) 474811 235898 238913 415421 220369 195052 453100 239063 214036
i) In India 404057 120765 283292 392944 138968 253977 433069 131136 301932
Equity 299982 116159 183822 293352 137559 155793 314461 129397 185064
Reinvested earnings 82787 0 82787 80840 0 80840 95671 0 95671
Other capital 21289 4606 16683 18753 1409 17344 22937 1739 21198
ii) Abroad 70753 115133 -44379 22477 81402 -58925 20031 107927 -87896
Equity 70753 65675 5079 22477 33866 -11389 20031 50188 -30157
Reinvested earnings 0 19621 -19621 0 18387 -18387 0 21203 -21203
Other capital 0 29836 -29836 0 29149 -29149 0 36536 -36536
b) Portfolio investment 1607507 1557026 50482 1902228 1759597 142632 1796775 1798633 -1857
i) In India 1592617 1541095 51522 1892201 1749253 142948 1774547 1774552 -5
of which: FIIs 1592617 1541095 51522 1892201 1749253 142948 1761779 1774552 -12773
GDRs/ADRs 0 0 0 0 0 0 12768 0 12768
ii) Abroad 14890 15931 -1040 10027 10344 -317 22229 24080 -1852
2. Loans (a+b+c) 808529 792490 16038 948250 840828 107422 659143 545701 113441
a) External assistance 43561 30056 13505 49750 30773 18977 60429 36287 24143
i) By India 388 1548 -1160 355 801 -446 325 837 -511
ii) To India 43173 28508 14665 49395 29972 19423 60104 35450 24654
b) Commercial borrowings 151522 192454 -40932 250605 251766 -1161 296867 222753 74114
ii) By India 30395 20400 9996 92078 88110 3968 97579 93094 4485
ii) To India 121127 172054 -50928 158527 163655 -5129 199288 129659 69629
c) Short term to India 613446 569981 43465 647895 558289 89606 301846 286662 15184
i) Suppliers' Credit >180 days & Buyers' Credit 601970 568718 33252 623670 558289 65381 192250 286662 -94412
ii) Suppliers' credit up to 180 days 11475 1262 10213 24225 0 24225 109596 0 109596
3. Banking capital (a+b) 561610 672787 -111177 616727 512300 104427 646662 597020 49642
a) Commercial banks 559680 672771 -113091 614031 509602 104430 639563 592225 47338
i) Assets 199390 193410 5980 164673 166547 -1874 158532 206960 -48429
ii) Liabilities 360290 479361 -119071 449359 343055 106304 481032 385265 95767
of which: Non-resident deposits 319339 403003 -83664 383765 321375 62390 413774 341877 71897
b) Others 1930 16 1914 2695 2698 -3 7099 4795 2304
4. Rupee debt service 0 665 -665 0 482 -482 0 213 -213
5. Other capital 240945 190199 50747 266106 226037 40069 237182 228828 8354
Total capital account (1 to 5) 3693401 3449065 244337 4148732 3559613 589119 3792862 3409459 383403
C. Errors & omissions 2550 5737 -3187 12249 6426 5823 4083 7463 -3380
D. Overall balance (A+B+C) 7198447 7054213 144234 7979137 7698321 280816 8300152 8320356 -20204
E. Monetary movements (i+ii) 8373 152607 -144234 0 280816 -280816 120018 99814 20204
i) I.M.F. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Foreign exchange reserves (Increase- / Decrease+) 8373 152607 -144234 0 280816 -280816 120018 99814 20204
of which: SDR Allocation
(Continued)

TABLE 129 : INDIA'S OVERALL BALANCE OF PAYMENTS - RUPEES (Concld.)
(₹ Crore)
Item/Year 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
1 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
A. Current account                  
1. Merchandise 2270919 3385822 -1114902 2193253 2946318 -753065 3199115 4613049 -1413934
2. Invisibles (a+b+c) 2281179 1338706 942474 2278625 1343490 935135 2755292 1632174 1123118
a) Services 1511659 909278 602381 1528236 871336 656900 1897558 1096248 801311
i) Travel 212684 155741 56943 62900 85360 -22460 67899 121416 -53517
ii)Transportation 148761 172134 -23373 162013 146410 15603 243582 267395 -23813
iii) Insurance 17238 12335 4903 17625 15246 2379 24719 15468 9251
iv) G.n.i.e. 4677 7841 -3164 4672 7594 -2923 5976 7217 -1241
v) Miscellaneous 1128298 561226 567072 1281026 616725 664301 1555383 684752 870630
of which: Software services 660148 60024 600124 741557 75926 665631 910096 93615 816481
Business services 324150 332437 -8287 364553 367352 -2800 439668 385257 54411
Financial services 33519 20803 12716 32166 35301 -3135 40805 41900 -1096
Communication services 19297 9196 10101 20791 10661 10130 23369 8416 14953
b) Transfers 590992 57786 533206 595789 50867 544922 665791 66175 599616
i) Official 1138 8296 -7158 1061 8327 -7266 1456 7284 -5828
ii) Private 589854 49490 540364 594728 42540 552188 664334 58891 605444
c) Income 178528 371642 -193114 154600 421288 -266687 191943 469751 -277808
i) Investment income 138648 352530 -213882 110143 400495 -290352 144554 446919 -302365
ii) Compensation of employees 39880 19112 20768 44457 20793 23664 47390 22832 24557
Total Current account (1+2) 4552099 4724528 -172429 4471878 4289808 182070 5954407 6245223 -290816
B. Capital account                  
1. Foreign investment (a+b) 2614747 2302532 312215 2962726 2370869 591856 3561413 3400485 160928
a) Foreign direct investment (i+ii) 551647 246827 304820 639521 314139 325382 657396 369930 287467
i) In India 527347 130392 396955 607771 201006 406765 632047 213284 418763
Equity 366490 129168 237322 452767 200543 252224 444457 202679 241778
Reinvested earnings 100561 0 100561 125600 0 125600 144219 0 144219
Other capital 60296 1224 59072 29404 463 28941 43371 10605 32766
ii) Abroad 24300 116435 -92135 31750 113133 -81383 25349 156645 -131296
Equity 24300 53771 -29471 31750 41415 -9665 25349 74920 -49571
Reinvested earnings 0 22338 -22338 0 22364 -22364 0 25173 -25173
Other capital 0 40326 -40326 0 49354 -49354 0 56551 -56551
b) Portfolio investment 2063100 2055705 7395 2323205 2056730 266474 2904017 3030555 -126539
i) In India 2015956 2014755 1200 2310454 2024824 285630 2873927 2980213 -106286
of which: FIIs 2015956 2014755 1200 2310454 2024824 285630 2873927 2980213 -106286
GDRs/ADRs 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Abroad 47144 40949 6194 12751 31907 -19156 30090 50342 -20253
2. Loans (a+b+c) 668960 486712 182248 634710 584127 50583 787108 535905 251203
a) External assistance 66039 39536 26503 125583 42578 83005 82048 41891 40157
i) By India 56 803 -747 284 611 -327 379 481 -102
ii) To India 65983 38733 27250 125299 41967 83332 81669 41410 40259
b) Commercial borrowings 328239 164791 163448 231890 233902 -2012 224781 164160 60621
ii) By India 48723 39538 9185 21199 24085 -2886 14021 8619 5403
ii) To India 279516 125253 154263 210691 209817 874 210760 155542 55218
c) Short term to India 274682 282385 -7704 277237 307647 -30411 480279 329854 150425
i) Suppliers' Credit >180 days & Buyers' Credit 264945 271324 -6378 261995 296295 -34299 339086 329854 9232
ii) Suppliers' credit up to 180 days 9737 11062 -1325 15241 11353 3889 141194 0 141194
3. Banking capital (a+b) 601082 639907 -38825 551356 706588 -155231 766628 717339 49289
a) Commercial banks 600265 634474 -34209 546792 700765 -153973 763736 711096 52639
i) Assets 189723 222176 -32453 175636 333005 -157369 377142 362114 15028
ii) Liabilities 410542 412298 -1756 371156 367760 3396 386594 348983 37611
of which: Non-resident deposits 394304 333182 61123 344627 289505 55121 338520 314513 24007
b) Others 817 5433 -4616 4564 5823 -1259 2892 6242 -3350
4. Rupee debt service 0 483 -483 0 484 -484 0 527 -527
5. Other capital 446158 312730 133428 289780 306298 -16518 558286 382560 175727
Total capital account (1 to 5) 4330947 3742363 588584 4438572 3968366 470206 5673435 5036815 636620
C. Errors & omissions 13260 6210 7051 7040 9636 -2595 10628 7313 3314
D. Overall balance (A+B+C) 8896306 8473100 423206 8917490 8267810 649681 11638469 11289351 349119
E. Monetary movements (i+ii) 0 423206 -423206 0 649681 -649681 120545 469664 -349119
i) I.M.F. 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Foreign exchange reserves (Increase- / Decrease+) 0 423206 -423206 0 649681 -649681 120545 469664 -349119
of which: SDR Allocation 132346 -132346
G.n.i.e.: Government not included elsewhere.
Notes : 1. Data for 2021-22 are preliminary estimates.
2. Total may not tally due to rounding off.
Also see Notes on Tables.

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