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Date : Sep 15, 2022
Table 131 : Standard Presentation of India’s Balance of Payments as per BPM6- Rupees
(₹ Crore)
Item/Year 2018-19 2019-20
Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1 Current Account (1.A+1.B+1.C) 4503141 4902839 -399698 4552063 4723740 -171676
1.A Goods and Services (1.A.a+1.A.b) 3814488 4501566 -687078 3782579 4295100 -512521
1.A.a Goods (1.A.a.1 to 1.A.a.3) 2358211 3619072 -1260861 2270919 3385822 -1114902
1.A.a.1 General merchandise on a BOP basis 2355921 3389335 -1033415 2250245 3186424 -936179
1.A.a.2 Net exports of goods under merchanting 2290 2290 20675 20675
1.A.a.3 Nonmonetary gold 229736 -229736 199398 -199398
1.A.b Services (1.A.b.1 to 1.A.b.13) 1456277 882494 573783 1511659 909278 602381
1.A.b.1 Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others 1841 293 1548 1654 483 1171
1.A.b.2 Maintenance and repair services n.i.e. 1325 8441 -7115 1375 8368 -6993
1.A.b.3 Transport 136100 143689 -7589 148761 172134 -23373
1.A.b.4 Travel 199142 151485 47658 212684 155741 56943
1.A.b.5 Construction 23638 17658 5980 21982 19456 2527
1.A.b.6 Insurance and pension services 18634 12543 6091 17238 12335 4903
1.A.b.7 Financial services 34019 24428 9591 33519 20803 12716
1.A.b.8 Charges for the use of intellectual property n.i.e. 4823 56132 -51309 6600 54575 -47975
1.A.b.9 Telecommunications, computer, and information services 604090 51761 552329 681463 72457 609006
1.A.b.10 Other business services 273644 282815 -9170 324150 332437 -8287
1.A.b.11 Personal, cultural, and recreational services 12943 17993 -5050 15653 22215 -6562
1.A.b.12 Government goods and services n.i.e. 4260 7795 -3535 4677 7841 -3164
1.A.b.13 Others n.i.e. 141818 107462 34356 41902 30432 11470
1.B Primary Income (1.B.1 to 1.B.3) 152769 355093 -202324 178528 371642 -193114
1.B.1 Compensation of employees 33177 16637 16540 39880 19112 20768
1.B.2 Investment income 96987 331012 -234026 109491 347379 -237888
1.B.2.1 Direct investment 46499 152257 -105758 49009 157724 -108715
1.B.2.2 Portfolio investment 1352 74359 -73007 1534 78219 -76685
1.B.2.3 Other investment 6327 104023 -97696 9669 111063 -101393
1.B.2.4 Reserve assets 42809 374 42435 49279 373 48906
1.B.3 Other primary income 22605 7444 15161 29158 5151 24007
1.C Secondary Income (1.C.1+1.C.2) 535884 46180 489704 590956 56998 533959
1.C.1 Financial corporations, nonfinancial corporations, households, and NPISHs 534207 40468 493740 589854 49490 540364
1.C.1.1 Personal transfers (Current transfers between resident and/ non-resident households) 516862 30162 486700 572606 36173 536433
1.C.1.2 Other current transfers 17345 10306 7039 17248 13317 3931
1.C.2 General government 1677 5712 -4035 1102 7508 -6406
2 Capital Account (2.1+2.2) 2370 3540 -1170 3032 10664 -7632
2.1 Gross acquisitions (DR.)/disposals (CR.) of non-produced nonfinancial assets 595 1098 -503 339 7449 -7110
2.2 Capital transfers 1775 2442 -667 2693 3215 -522
3 Financial Account (3.1 to 3.5) 3910577 3506329 404248 4327950 4155693 172257
3.1 Direct Investment (3.1A+3.1B) 453100 239063 214036 551647 246827 304820
3.1.A Direct Investment in India 433069 131136 301932 527347 130392 396955
3.1.A.1 Equity and investment fund shares 410131 129397 280734 467051 129168 337883
3.1.A.1.1 Equity other than reinvestment of earnings 314461 129397 185064 366490 129168 237322
3.1.A.1.2 Reinvestment of earnings 95671 95671 100561 100561
3.1.A.2 Debt instruments 22937 1739 21198 60296 1224 59072
3.1.A.2.1 Direct investor in direct investment enterprises 22937 1739 21198 60296 1224 59072
3.1.B Direct Investment by India 20031 107927 -87896 24300 116435 -92135
3.1.B.1 Equity and investment fund shares 20031 71391 -51360 24300 76109 -51809
3.1.B.1.1 Equity other than reinvestment of earnings 20031 50188 -30157 24300 53771 -29471
3.1.B.1.2 Reinvestment of earnings 21203 -21203 22338 -22338
3.1.B.2 Debt instruments 36536 -36536 40326 -40326
3.1.B.2.1 Direct investor in direct investment enterprises 36536 -36536 40326 -40326
3.2 Portfolio Investment 1784008 1798633 -14625 2063100 2055705 7395
3.2.A Portfolio Investment in India 1761779 1774552 -12773 2015956 2014755 1200
3.2.1 Equity and investment fund shares 1428578 1417318 11260 1527940 1532035 -4095
3.2.2 Debt securities 333201 357234 -24033 488016 482720 5295
3.2.B Portfolio Investment by India 22229 24080 -1852 47144 40949 6194
3.3 Financial derivatives (other than reserves) and employee stock options 151279 143451 7828 233941 204769 29172
3.4 Other investment 1402173 1225369 176804 1479262 1225186 254076
3.4.1 Other equity (ADRs/GDRs) 12768 12768
3.4.2 Currency and deposits 420873 346672 74201 395121 338615 56507
3.4.2.1 Central bank (Rupee Debt Movements; NRG) 7099 4795 2304 817 5433 -4616
3.4.2.2 Deposit-taking corporations, except the central bank (NRI Deposits) 413774 341877 71897 394304 333182 61123
3.4.2.3 General government
3.4.2.4 Other sectors
3.4.3 Loans (External Assistance, ECBs and Banking Capital) 583086 509388 73698 600239 505619 94620
3.4.3.A Loans to India 485182 415457 69724 551460 465278 86182
3.4.3.B Loans by India 97904 93930 3974 48779 40341 8438
3.4.4 Insurance, pension, and standardized guarantee schemes 1286 9313 -8027 2326 6753 -4426
3.4.5 Trade credit and advances 301846 286662 15184 274682 282385 -7704
3.4.6 Other accounts receivable/payable - other 82314 73334 8980 206894 91815 115079
3.4.7 Special drawing rights
3.5 Reserve assets 120018 99814 20204 423206 -423206
3.5.1 Monetary gold
3.5.2 Special drawing rights n.a.
3.5.3 Reserve position in the IMF n.a.
3.5.4 Other reserve assets (Foreign Currency Assets) 120018 99814 20204 423206 -423206
4 Total assets/liabilities 3910577 3506329 404248 4327950 4155693 172257
4.1 Equity and investment fund shares 2033534 1794951 238583 2302703 1989784 312919
4.2 Debt instruments 1661943 1538231 123712 1818354 1650889 167465
4.3 Other financial assets and liabilities 215100 173148 41952 206894 515020 -308126
5 Net errors and omissions 4083 7463 -3380 13260 6210 7051

Table 131 : STANDARD PRESENTATION OF INDIA'S BALANCE OF PAYMENTS AS PER BPM6 -RUPEES (Concld.)
(₹ Crore)
Item/Year 2020-21 2021-22
Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
1 8 9 10 11 12 13
1 Current Account (1.A+1.B+1.C) 4471825 4289024 182801 5954300 6244562 -290262
1.A Goods and Services (1.A.a+1.A.b) 3721489 3817654 -96165 5096673 5709296 -612623
1.A.a Goods (1.A.a.1 to 1.A.a.3) 2193253 2946318 -753065 3199115 4613049 -1413934
1.A.a.1 General merchandise on a BOP basis 2171295 2692115 -520820 3194049 4269148 -1075099
1.A.a.2 Net exports of goods under merchanting 21958 21958 5066 5066
1.A.a.3 Nonmonetary gold 254203 -254203 343901 -343901
1.A.b Services (1.A.b.1 to 1.A.b.13) 1528236 871336 656900 1897558 1096248 801311
1.A.b.1 Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others 2198 209 1989 3747 497 3250
1.A.b.2 Maintenance and repair services n.i.e. 1178 6173 -4995 1806 10301 -8496
1.A.b.3 Transport 162013 146410 15603 243582 267395 -23813
1.A.b.4 Travel 62900 85360 -22460 67899 121416 -53517
1.A.b.5 Construction 19433 19325 108 19708 21735 -2028
1.A.b.6 Insurance and pension services 17625 15246 2379 24719 15468 9251
1.A.b.7 Financial services 32166 35301 -3135 40805 41900 -1096
1.A.b.8 Charges for the use of intellectual property n.i.e. 9744 57145 -47401 6149 67420 -61271
1.A.b.9 Telecommunications, computer, and information services 764424 90908 673516 936063 108031 828032
1.A.b.10 Other business services 364553 367352 -2800 439668 385257 54411
1.A.b.11 Personal, cultural, and recreational services 17305 20775 -3469 23605 33376 -9771
1.A.b.12 Government goods and services n.i.e. 4672 7594 -2923 5976 7217 -1241
1.A.b.13 Others n.i.e. 70025 19537 50488 83832 16233 67599
1.B Primary Income (1.B.1 to 1.B.3) 154600 421288 -266687 191943 469751 -277808
1.B.1 Compensation of employees 44457 20793 23664 47390 22832 24557
1.B.2 Investment income 85812 392550 -306738 109900 430874 -320974
1.B.2.1 Direct investment 41343 244953 -203611 63531 275513 -211982
1.B.2.2 Portfolio investment 1250 51540 -50290 3134 61360 -58225
1.B.2.3 Other investment 2922 95996 -93075 2135 93942 -91807
1.B.2.4 Reserve assets 40298 60 40238 41100 59 41040
1.B.3 Other primary income 24331 7945 16386 34654 16045 18609
1.C Secondary Income (1.C.1+1.C.2) 595735 50082 545653 665684 65515 600169
1.C.1 Financial corporations, nonfinancial corporations, households, and NPISHs 594728 42540 552188 664334 58891 605444
1.C.1.1 Personal transfers (Current transfers between resident and/ non-resident households) 574817 30928 543888 638777 41569 597208
1.C.1.2 Other current transfers 19911 11611 8300 25557 17321 8236
1.C.2 General government 1007 7542 -6535 1350 6624 -5274
2 Capital Account (2.1+2.2) 3620 11720 -8100 5796 7273 -1477
2.1 Gross acquisitions (DR.)/disposals (CR.) of non-produced nonfinancial assets 764 7824 -7060 2093 2855 -762
2.2 Capital transfers 2856 3896 -1040 3703 4418 -715
3 Financial Account (3.1 to 3.5) 4435005 4607111 -172106 5788290 5499866 288425
3.1 Direct Investment (3.1A+3.1B) 639521 314139 325382 657396 369930 287467
3.1.A Direct Investment in India 607771 201006 406765 632047 213284 418763
3.1.A.1 Equity and investment fund shares 578367 200543 377824 588676 202679 385997
3.1.A.1.1 Equity other than reinvestment of earnings 452767 200543 252224 444457 202679 241778
3.1.A.1.2 Reinvestment of earnings 125600 125600 144219 144219
3.1.A.2 Debt instruments 29404 463 28941 43371 10605 32766
3.1.A.2.1 Direct investor in direct investment enterprises 29404 463 28941 43371 10605 32766
3.1.B Direct Investment by India 31750 113133 -81383 25349 156645 -131296
3.1.B.1 Equity and investment fund shares 31750 63779 -32029 25349 100094 -74745
3.1.B.1.1 Equity other than reinvestment of earnings 31750 41415 -9665 25349 74920 -49571
3.1.B.1.2 Reinvestment of earnings 22364 -22364 25173 -25173
3.1.B.2 Debt instruments 49354 -49354 56551 -56551
3.1.B.2.1 Direct investor in direct investment enterprises 49354 -49354 56551 -56551
3.2 Portfolio Investment 2323205 2056730 266474 2904017 3030555 -126539
3.2.A Portfolio Investment in India 2310454 2024824 285630 2873927 2980213 -106286
3.2.1 Equity and investment fund shares 1997201 1710157 287044 2556446 2674045 -117599
3.2.2 Debt securities 313253 314666 -1414 317481 306168 11313
3.2.B Portfolio Investment by India 12751 31907 -19156 30090 50342 -20253
3.3 Financial derivatives (other than reserves) and employee stock options 86877 122235 -35357 137072 185009 -47937
3.4 Other investment 1385402 1464327 -78925 1969260 1444708 524552
3.4.1 Other equity (ADRs/GDRs)
3.4.2 Currency and deposits 349190 295328 53862 341412 320755 20656
3.4.2.1 Central bank (Rupee Debt Movements; NRG) 4564 5823 -1259 2892 6242 -3350
3.4.2.2 Deposit-taking corporations, except the central bank (NRI Deposits) 344627 289505 55121 338520 314513 24007
3.4.2.3 General government
3.4.2.4 Other sectors
3.4.3 Loans (External Assistance, ECBs and Banking Capital) 559639 687739 -128100 732044 602634 129411
3.4.3.A Loans to India 538156 663043 -124888 717645 593535 124110
3.4.3.B Loans by India 21483 24696 -3213 14400 9099 5301
3.4.4 Insurance, pension, and standardized guarantee schemes 1487 1459 27 1465 1358 107
3.4.5 Trade credit and advances 277237 307647 -30411 480279 329854 150425
3.4.6 Other accounts receivable/payable - other 197849 172152 25697 281713 190107 91606
3.4.7 Special drawing rights 132346 132346
3.5 Reserve assets 649681 -649681 120545 469664 -349119
3.5.1 Monetary gold
3.5.2 Special drawing rights n.a. 132346 -132346
3.5.3 Reserve position in the IMF n.a.
3.5.4 Other reserve assets (Foreign Currency Assets) 649681 -649681 120545 337318 -216773
4 Total assets/liabilities 4435005 4607111 -172106 5788290 5499866 288425
4.1 Equity and investment fund shares 2708433 2130080 578353 3339098 3213527 125571
4.2 Debt instruments 1528723 1655198 -126475 1914588 1626569 288019
4.3 Other financial assets and liabilities 197849 821833 -623984 534604 659770 -125166
5 Net errors and omissions 7040 9636 -2595 10628 7313 3314
n.i.e : not included elsewhere.
Notes : 1. Data for 2021-22 are preliminary estimates.
2. Totals may not tally due to rounding off.
Also see Notes on Tables.

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