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Date : Sep 15, 2022
Table 148 : India’s External Debt - Rupees (end-March)
(₹ Crore)
Item 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
I. Multilateral 131105 138897 145503 154053 157901 201425 193436 216672 257088 279310
A. Government Borrowing 120073 127782 133800 141746 144627 181997 170722 190326 222579 235670
i) Concessional 101490 105114 105852 108448 107395 127771 116046 120653 138691 143130
a) IDA 100065 103671 104457 107019 105947 126127 114552 119068 136816 141119
b) Others 1425 1443 1395 1429 1448 1644 1494 1585 1875 2011
ii) Non-concessional 18583 22668 27948 33298 37232 54226 54676 69673 83888 92540
a) IBRD 14074 16500 19626 21864 22631 29948 28874 39218 45328 48239
b) Others 4509 6168 8322 11434 14601 24278 25802 30455 38560 44301
B. Non-government Borrowing 11032 11115 11703 12307 13274 19428 22714 26346 34509 43640
i) Concessional 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Non-concessional 11032 11115 11703 12307 13274 19428 22714 26346 34509 43640
a) Public Sector 7916 8000 8510 9315 10352 14298 14919 15802 19407 23414
IBRD 4402 4462 4594 4550 4690 7105 8544 9193 11092 12749
Others 3514 3538 3916 4765 5662 7193 6375 6609 8315 10664
b) Financial institutions 2902 2789 2628 2414 2350 3721 5385 7511 10290 14370
IBRD 381 252 630 655 593 744 1343 1899 2707 2973
Others 2521 2537 1998 1759 1757 2977 4042 5612 7583 11397
c) Private Sector 214 326 565 578 572 1409 2410 3033 4812 5856
IBRD 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Others 214 326 565 578 572 1409 2410 3033 4812 5856
II. Bilateral 77084 74530 70302 70034 78802 104997 101976 114905 137086 136329
A. Government Borrowing 58121 57458 54593 53810 59391 74662 71584 80406 91641 88007
i) Concessional 57742 57207 54468 53810 59391 74662 71584 80406 91641 88007
ii) Non-concessional 379 251 125 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
B. Non-government Borrowing 18963 17072 15709 16224 19411 30335 30392 34499 45445 48322
i) Concessional 8876 7471 6949 1727 1737 3262 3169 4101 7648 8435
a) Public Sector 5759 5653 5285 1241 1226 1156 1121 1621 4963 5916
b) Financial institutions 3117 1818 1664 486 511 2106 2048 2480 2685 2519
c) Private Sector 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Non-concessional 10087 9601 8760 14497 17674 27073 27223 30398 37797 39887
a) Public Sector 4851 4353 3628 7420 10097 15076 13845 13789 14200 13010
b) Financial institutions 3119 2847 2386 3828 3735 4311 3436 3754 3886 4206
c) Private Sector 2117 2401 2746 3249 3842 7686 9942 12855 19711 22671
III. International Monetary Fund 4381 4503 4378 4484 4479 5188 27264 28163 31528 32439
IV. Trade Credit 20553 21976 24175 31237 41296 73772 76011 83112 97117 96556
a) Buyers credit 11061 13040 16088 23617 33134 64046 66849 73273 85896 84667
b) Suppliers credit 4471 3961 3351 2941 2998 3234 2937 2847 3252 4236
c) Export credit component of bilateral credit 5021 4975 4736 4679 5164 6492 6225 6992 7969 7653
d) Export credit for defence purposes 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(Continued)

TABLE 148 : INDIA’S EXTERNAL DEBT - RUPEES (End-March) (Contd.)
(₹ Crore)
Item 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
V. Commercial Borrowing 95611 115533 117991 180669 249243 318209 319221 448448 614623 762128
a) Commercial bank loans 50346 62896 73508 107145 160577 219925 202350 261678 373194 454450
b) Securitized borrowings (inclu. IDBs and FCCBs) 41567 48992 41112 68020 82641 91286 113177 183504 238849 306070
c) Loans/securitized borrowings, etc., with multilateral/bilateral guarantee and IFC(W) 3698 3645 3371 5504 6025 6998 3694 3266 2580 1608
d) Self liquidating loans 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
VI. Non-resident Deposits 135618 143267 161834 179786 174623 210118 217062 230812 299840 385202
VII. Rupee Debt 11856 10071 9184 8508 8065 7760 7480 7147 6922 6839
a) Defence 10539 8887 8112 7533 7172 6935 6709 6416 6220 6164
b) Civilian 1317 1184 1072 975 893 825 771 731 702 675
VIII. Total Long-term Debt (I to VII) 476208 508777 533367 628771 714409 921469 942450 1129258 1444205 1698803
IX. Short-term Debt 19251 77528 87155 122631 182881 220656 236188 290149 399962 525931
a) Non-resident Deposits (up to 1 year maturity) 1321 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
b) Trade-related credits 17930 71173 86531 113256 167540 203345 214267 261006 333202 472026
1) Above 180 days 17930 32922 38788 52188 91502 118936 126391 157806 200454 321010
2) Up to 180 days 0 38251 47743 61068 76038 84409 87876 103200 132748 151016
c) FII investments on government treasury bills and other instruments 0 6355 624 1732 2603 10522 15153 24214 48066 29671
d) Investments in treasury bills by foreign central banks and international institutions 0 0 0 712 620 534 467 225 326 447
e) External Debt Liabilities of (i+ii) 0 0 0 6931 12118 6255 6301 4704 18368 23787
i) Central Bank 0 0 0 2185 4458 3892 3139 693 871 985
ii) Commercial Banks 0 0 0 4746 7660 2363 3162 4011 17497 22802
X. Gross External Debt Position 495459 586305 620522 751402 897290 1142125 1178638 1419407 1844167 2224734
Concessional Debt as % of Total Debt 35.8 30.7 28.4 23.0 19.7 18.7 16.8 14.9 13.3 11.1
Short-term Debt as % of Total Debt 3.9 13.2 14.0 16.3 20.4 19.3 20.1 20.4 21.7 23.6
Debt to GDP Ratio (%) 17.7 18.4 17.1 17.7 18.3 20.7 18.5 18.6 21.1 22.4
Debt Service Ratio (%) 16.1 5.9 10.1 4.7 4.8 4.4 5.8 4.4 6.0 5.9
(Continued)

TABLE 148 : INDIA’S EXTERNAL DEBT - RUPEES (End-March) (Contd.)
(₹ Crore)
Item 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
I. Multilateral 321560 328148 359490 354118 371781 395885 449606 507314 553142
A. Government Borrowing 268491 269431 294122 288246 304595 320336 362042 419319 460545
i) Concessional 163589 154581 166506 156726 164002 160421 166300 165241 161129
a) IDA 161165 152171 163772 154050 160970 157188 162506 161408 157206
b) Others 2424 2410 2734 2676 3032 3233 3794 3833 3923
ii) Non-concessional 104902 114850 127616 131519 140593 159915 195742 254077 299416
a) IBRD 53433 57107 61553 60667 61663 67248 82796 99216 113578
b) Others 51469 57743 66063 70852 78930 92667 112946 154862 185838
B. Non-government Borrowing 53069 58717 65368 65872 67186 75549 87564 87996 92597
i) Concessional 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Non-concessional 53069 58717 65368 65872 67186 75549 87564 87996 92597
a) Public Sector 28105 31385 35409 32123 33715 39072 46430 48303 49103
IBRD 14412 15674 17005 16625 16935 18652 21544 21900 23190
Others 13693 15711 18404 15498 16780 20419 24886 26404 25912
b) Financial institutions 18881 21859 25190 29829 30245 32602 30689 30051 33710
IBRD 3820 3709 5984 7276 7418 8449 8609 7885 8518
Others 15061 18150 19206 22553 22826 24152 22080 22167 25193
c) Private Sector 6083 5473 4769 3920 3226 3876 10444 9641 9784
IBRD 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Others 6083 5473 4769 3920 3226 3876 10444 9641 9784
II. Bilateral 148813 136060 149378 150808 164788 183742 210194 225017 245171
A. Government Borrowing 96918 88452 102925 109742 128945 141410 167494 179101 198021
i) Concessional 96918 88452 102925 109742 128945 141410 167494 179101 198021
ii) Non-concessional 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
B. Non-government Borrowing 51895 47608 46453 41066 35843 42332 42700 45916 47150
i) Concessional 10318 10080 11892 11988 12973 17389 24776 25069 24501
a) Public Sector 7763 7546 9052 6758 7600 12182 18751 19265 19833
b) Financial institutions 2555 2534 2840 5230 5373 5207 6025 5804 4669
c) Private Sector 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Non-concessional 41577 37528 34560 29077 22871 24943 17924 20847 22649
a) Public Sector 13374 11561 10938 9478 8519 9784 3879 5156 6202
b) Financial institutions 4361 3323 3029 3169 2530 2444 2274 5165 5564
c) Private Sector 23842 22644 20594 16430 11822 12715 11771 10527 10884
III. International Monetary Fund 36910 34350 37177 35129 37716 38202 40931 41442 173415
IV. Trade Credit 93275 78915 70001 62426 61676 53542 51530 45969 25577
a) Buyers credit 80069 66006 54963 46790 43699 34377 29825 23539 19531
b) Suppliers credit 4779 5217 6088 6094 6764 6868 7141 6856 6045
c) Export credit component of bilateral credit 8427 7692 8950 9543 11213 12297 14565 15574 0
d) Export credit for defence purposes 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(Continued)

TABLE 148 : INDIA’S EXTERNAL DEBT - RUPEES (End-March) (Concld.)
(₹ Crore)
Item 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
V. Commercial Borrowing 897744 1128501 1197176 1115514 1312723 1423574 1654178 1595071 1727034
a) Commercial bank loans 582644 635246 647311 567286 550788 654234 822697 806167 870179
b) Securitized borrowings (inclu. IDBs and FCCBs) 313416 490895 547465 545906 759701 767266 829341 786907 855062
c) Loans/securitised borrowings, etc., with multilateral/bilateral guarantee and IFC(W) 1684 2360 2400 2323 2234 2074 2140 1998 1793
d) Self liquidating loans 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
VI. Non-resident Deposits 624101 720997 841956 757751 820737 902152 977309 1027382 1059041
VII. Rupee Debt 8826 9426 8479 7962 7886 8007 7704 7162 7279
a) Defence 8179 8807 7887 7398 7350 7498 7223 6708 6853
b) Civilian 647 619 592 564 536 509 481 453 426
VIII. Total Long-term Debt (I to VII) 2131229 2436397 2663657 2483708 2777308 3005104 3391453 3449358 3790659
IX. Short-term Debt 550985 535144 553906 571387 664575 749924 805708 742995 922379
a) Non-resident Deposits (up to 1 year maturity) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
b) Trade-related credits 491271 510938 530806 560781 652969 708379 764291 714863 889665
1) Above 180 days 330500 334267 339674 364104 431225 362982 389010 344758 364620
2) Up to 180 days 160771 176671 191132 196677 221744 345397 375281 370106 525045
c) FII investments on government treasury bills and other instruments 33686 7307 132 260 580 12003 12990 12467 15822
d) Investments in treasury bills by foreign central banks and international institutions 572 714 1576 1577 1791 1820 1822 1955 1940
e) External Debt Liabilities of (i+ii) 25456 16186 21392 8768 9234 27721 26605 13710 14953
i) Central Bank 892 939 1197 1575 1782 1529 1357 1282 574
ii) Commercial Banks 24564 15247 20195 7194 7453 26193 25248 12429 14379
X. Gross External Debt Position 2682214 2971542 3217563 3055095 3441883 3755028 4197162 4192353 4713038
Concessional Debt as % of Total Debt 10.4 8.8 9.0 9.4 9.1 8.7 8.8 9.0 8.3
Short-term Debt as % of Total Debt 20.5 18.0 17.2 18.7 19.3 20.0 19.1 17.6 19.6
Debt to GDP Ratio (%) 23.9 23.8 23.4 19.8 20.1 19.9 20.9 21.2 19.9
Debt Service Ratio (%) 5.9 7.6 8.8 8.3 7.5 6.4 6.5 8.2 5.2
IDBs : India Development Bonds
IFC(W) : International Finance Corporation (Washington)
FCCBs : Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds
Notes : 1. Other concessional multilateral government borrowing refers to debt outstanding to institutions like IFAD, OPEC & EEC (SAC).
2. Multilateral non-concessional government/ public sector/ financial institutions other borrowings refer to debt outstanding against loans from ADB.
3. Securitised commercial borrowings (inclu. IDBs and FCCBs) include net investment by 100% Fll debt funds, Resurgent India Bonds (RIBs) and India Millennium Deposits (IMDs).
4. Rupee debt refers to debt owed to Russia denominated in rupees and converted at current exchange rates, payable in exports.
5. Civilian's rupee debt includes supplier’s credit from end-March 1990 onwards.
6. Short-term debt does not include suppliers’ credit of up to180 days from 1994 till 2004.
7. Multilateral loans do not include revaluation of IBRD pooled loans and exchange rate adjustment under IDA loans for pre-1971 credits.
8. Debt service ratio from the year 1992-93 includes the revised private transfer contra-entry on account of gold and silver imports.
Source : Ministry of Finance, Government of india and Reserve Bank of India.

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