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45. Ownership Pattern of Central and State Governments Securities
Date : Jan 19, 2023
(Per cent)
Central Government Dated Securities
Category 2021 2022
Sep. Dec. Mar. Jun. Sep.
1 2 3 4 5
(A) Total (in ₹. Crore) 8235318 8439811 8529036 8784931 9098788
1 Commercial Banks 37.82 35.40 37.75 38.04 38.28
2 Non-Bank PDs 0.35 0.27 0.29 0.33 0.38
3 Insurance Companies 24.18 25.74 25.89 26.34 25.94
4 Mutual Funds 2.91 3.08 2.91 2.32 2.58
5 Co-operative Banks 1.50 1.82 1.81 1.84 1.80
6 Financial Institutions 1.17 1.69 0.94 1.09 0.98
7 Corporates 0.72 1.37 1.47 1.52 1.58
8 Foreign Portfolio Investors 1.81 1.66 1.56 1.43 1.38
9 Provident Funds 3.77 4.33 4.60 4.77 4.66
10 RBI 16.98 16.92 16.62 16.06 15.28
11. Others 8.79 7.73 6.15 6.30 7.15
11.1 State Governments 1.67 1.69 1.82 1.84 1.83

State Governments Securities
Category 2021 2022
Sep. Dec. Mar. Jun. Sep.
1 2 3 4 5
(B) Total (in ₹. Crore) 4153508 4257578 4410250 4472011 4589128
1 Commercial Banks 35.94 34.41 34.39 34.22 34.37
2 Non-Bank PDs 0.44 0.40 0.38 0.41 0.36
3 Insurance Companies 27.50 28.85 28.42 28.39 27.71
4 Mutual Funds 1.97 1.91 1.82 1.89 2.08
5 Co-operative Banks 3.60 4.07 4.04 4.06 3.89
6 Financial Institutions 1.72 1.73 1.72 1.73 1.71
7 Corporates 1.32 1.70 1.82 1.98 1.85
8 Foreign Portfolio Investors 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
9 Provident Funds 18.27 20.66 20.79 20.52 20.18
10 RBI 0.85 0.83 0.80 0.79 0.79
11. Others 8.38 5.40 5.81 5.99 7.05
11.1 State Governments 0.18 0.19 0.20 0.21 0.21

Treasury Bills
Category 2021 2022
Sep. Dec. Mar. Jun. Sep.
1 2 3 4 5
(C) Total (in ₹. Crore) 763582 692869 757198 1022053 920205
1 Commercial Banks 50.22 47.01 51.14 53.14 52.85
2 Non-Bank PDs 1.33 1.53 4.20 2.49 2.12
3 Insurance Companies 4.12 6.29 6.58 5.34 5.46
4 Mutual Funds 17.72 13.72 14.01 14.86 11.98
5 Co-operative Banks 1.32 1.49 1.79 1.34 1.48
6 Financial Institutions 2.12 2.36 3.53 3.73 4.17
7 Corporates 2.40 3.13 3.47 4.27 3.86
8 Foreign Portfolio Investors 0.15 0.72 0.49 0.40 0.53
9 Provident Funds 0.37 0.85 0.21 1.70 3.21
10 RBI 2.63 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03
11. Others 17.62 22.89 14.59 12.72 14.30
11.1 State Governments 12.64 18.92 11.54 10.99 12.27
Note: (-): represents nil or negligible
The revised table format since June 2016, incorporates the ownership pattern of State Governments Securities and Treasury Bills along with the Central Government Securities.
State Government Securities include special bonds issued under Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY) scheme. Bank PDs are clubbed under Commercial Banks. However, they form very small fraction of total outstanding securities.
The category ‘Others’ comprises State Governments, Pension Funds, PSUs, Trusts, HUF/Individuals etc.

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