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Date : Sep 15, 2021
Table 130 : Standard Presentation of India’s Balance of Payments as per BPM6- US Dollars
(US $ Million)
Item/Year 2017-18 2018-19
Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1 Current Account (1.A+1.B+1.C) 592354 641015 –48661 643710 700891 –57180
1.A Goods and Services (1.A.a+1.A.b) 504059 586533 –82474 545237 643579 –98342
1.A.a Goods (1.A.a.1 to 1.A.a.3) 308970 469006 –160036 337237 517519 –180283
1.A.a.1 General merchandise on a BOP basis 309351 435349 –125998 336984 484622 –147638
1.A.a.2 Net exports of goods under merchanting –381 –381 252 252
1.A.a.3 Nonmonetary gold 33657 –33657 32897 –32897
1.A.b Services (1.A.b.1 to 1.A.b.13) 195089 117527 77562 208000 126060 81941
1.A.b.1 Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others 147 44 104 260 42 219
1.A.b.2 Maintenance and repair services n.i.e. 211 547 –336 189 1201 –1012
1.A.b.3 Transport 17441 17608 –166 19464 20529 –1065
1.A.b.4 Travel 28355 19516 8839 28441 21704 6737
1.A.b.5 Construction 2256 1565 691 3388 2527 861
1.A.b.6 Insurance and pension services 2506 1700 806 2661 1790 871
1.A.b.7 Financial services 5164 5537 –373 4858 3486 1372
1.A.b.8 Charges for the use of intellectual property n.i.e. 732 6877 –6145 692 8028 –7335
1.A.b.9 Telecommunications, computer, and information services 79840 6499 73341 86344 7409 78935
1.A.b.10 Other business services 37346 36630 715 39112 40413 –1301
1.A.b.11 Personal, cultural, and recreational services 1618 2307 –688 1853 2571 –719
1.A.b.12 Government goods and services n.i.e. 664 794 –130 610 1114 –504
1.A.b.13 Others n.i.e. 18807 17904 903 20128 15246 4882
1.B Primary Income (1.B.1 to 1.B.3) 18862 47542 –28681 21839 50700 –28861
1.B.1 Compensation of employees 4457 2299 2158 4738 2380 2358
1.B.2 Investment income 11319 44693 –33374 13876 47258 –33382
1.B.2.1 Direct investment 5767 21303 –15535 6657 21702 –15045
1.B.2.2 Portfolio investment 215 10706 –10490 193 10632 –10439
1.B.2.3 Other investment 939 12658 –11719 904 14871 –13967
1.B.2.4 Reserve assets 4397 27 4370 6122 53 6069
1.B.3 Other primary income 3085 550 2536 3225 1063 2163
1.C Secondary Income (1.C.1+1.C.2) 69433 6940 62494 76634 6611 70022
1.C.1 Financial corporations, nonfinancial corporations, households, and NPISHs 69129 6180 62949 76396 5795 70601
1.C.1.1 Personal transfers (Current transfers between resident and/non-resident households) 66852 4816 62037 73918 4318 69600
1.C.1.2 Other current transfers 2277 1364 912 2478 1477 1001
1.C.2 General government 304 760 –455 238 817 –579
2 Capital Account (2.1+2.2) 390 419 –29 340 504 –163
2.1 Gross acquisitions (DR.)/disposals (CR.) of non-produced nonfinancial assets 147 105 42 88 156 –68
2.2 Capital transfers 243 314 –71 253 348 –95
3 Financial Account (3.1 to 3.5) 643243 595455 47788 559653 501823 57830
3.1 Direct Investment (3.1A+3.1B) 64461 34175 30286 64846 34134 30712
3.1.A Direct Investment in India 60974 21544 39431 62001 18699 43302
3.1.A.1 Equity and investment fund shares 58063 21325 36738 58727 18452 40275
3.1.A.1.1 Equity other than reinvestment of earnings 45521 21325 24196 45055 18452 26604
3.1.A.1.2 Reinvestment of earnings 12542 12542 13672 13672
3.1.A.2 Debt instruments 2911 219 2692 3274 247 3027
3.1.A.2.1 Direct investor in direct investment enterprises 2911 219 2692 3274 247 3027
3.1.B Direct Investment by India 3487 12632 –9144 2845 15435 –12590
3.1.B.1 Equity and investment fund shares 3487 8107 –4620 2845 10234 –7389
3.1.B.1.1 Equity other than reinvestment of earnings 3487 5254 –1767 2845 7201 –4356
3.1.B.1.2 Reinvestment of earnings 2853 –2853 3032 –3032
3.1.B.2 Debt instruments 4525 –4525 5202 –5202
3.1.B.2.1 Direct investor in direct investment enterprises 4525 –4525 5202 –5202
3.2 Portfolio Investment 295084 272969 22115 255110 257548 –2438
3.2.A Portfolio Investment in India 293529 271364 22165 251894 254118 –2225
3.2.1 Equity and investment fund shares 231658 230044 1615 204347 202837 1510
3.2.2 Debt securities 61870 41320 20550 47547 51282 –3735
3.2.B Portfolio Investment by India 1556 1605 –50 3216 3429 –213
3.3 Financial derivatives (other than reserves) and employee stock options 19766 22636 –2870 21538 20506 1032
3.4 Other investment 263932 222100 41832 200657 175473 25184
3.4.1 Other equity (ADRs/GDRs) 1820 1820
3.4.2 Currency and deposits 59961 50286 9675 60259 49565 10693
3.4.2.1 Central bank (Rupee Debt Movements; NRG) 417 419 –1 1007 702 306
3.4.2.2 Deposit-taking corporations, except the central bank (NRI Deposits) 59544 49868 9676 59251 48864 10387
3.4.2.3 General government
3.4.2.4 Other sectors
3.4.3 Loans (External Assistance, ECBs and Banking Capital) 82309 73033 9276 83307 72738 10569
3.4.3.A Loans to India 67962 59233 8729 69399 59404 9995
3.4.3.B Loans by India 14347 13800 547 13908 13334 574
3.4.4 Insurance, pension, and standardized guarantee schemes 118 1801 –1683 187 1349 –1162
3.4.5 Trade credit and advances 100514 86614 13900 43332 41311 2021
3.4.6 Other accounts receivable/payable - other 21029 10365 10664 11752 10509 1243
3.4.7 Special drawing rights
3.5 Reserve assets 43574 –43574 17502 14162 3339
3.5.1 Monetary gold
3.5.2 Special drawing rights n.a.
3.5.3 Reserve position in the IMF n.a.
3.5.4 Other reserve assets (Foreign Currency Assets) 43574 –43574 17502 14162 3339
4 Total assets/liabilities 643243 595455 47788 559653 501823 57830
4.1 Equity and investment fund shares 314649 285518 29131 290860 256806 34054
4.2 Debt instruments 307565 255997 51568 237719 220345 17374
4.3 Other financial assets and liabilities 21029 53940 –32910 31074 24672 6402
5 Net errors and omissions 1900 998 902 582 1068 –486

TABLE 130 : STANDARD PRESENTATION OF INDIA'S BALANCE OF PAYMENTS AS PER BPM6- US DOLLARS (Concld.)
(US $ Million)
Item/Year 2019-20 2020-21
Credit Debit Net Credit Debit Net
1 8 9 10 11 12 13
1 Current Account (1.A+1.B+1.C) 642138 666688 –24550 603545 579535 24011
1.A Goods and Services (1.A.a+1.A.b) 533622 606206 –72584 502390 515977 –13587
1.A.a Goods (1.A.a.1 to 1.A.a.3) 320431 477937 –157506 296300 398452 –102152
1.A.a.1 General merchandise on a BOP basis 317521 449707 –132186 293311 363848 –70537
1.A.a.2 Net exports of goods under merchanting 2910 2910 2989 2989
1.A.a.3 Nonmonetary gold 28229 –28229 34604 –34604
1.A.b Services (1.A.b.1 to 1.A.b.13) 213191 128269 84922 206090 117524 88565
1.A.b.1 Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others 232 68 164 296 28 268
1.A.b.2 Maintenance and repair services n.i.e. 194 1182 –988 159 834 –675
1.A.b.3 Transport 20988 24285 –3297 21854 19755 2099
1.A.b.4 Travel 29998 22011 7987 8483 11507 –3024
1.A.b.5 Construction 3096 2746 351 2620 2606 14
1.A.b.6 Insurance and pension services 2431 1738 692 2376 2058 318
1.A.b.7 Financial services 4734 2919 1814 4338 4763 –424
1.A.b.8 Charges for the use of intellectual property n.i.e. 934 7705 –6771 1310 7707 –6397
1.A.b.9 Telecommunications, computer, and information services 96110 10212 85899 103078 12278 90800
1.A.b.10 Other business services 45716 46881 –1165 49161 49522 –361
1.A.b.11 Personal, cultural, and recreational services 2207 3131 –924 2336 2810 –474
1.A.b.12 Government goods and services n.i.e. 659 1107 –448 630 1021 –392
1.A.b.13 Others n.i.e. 5892 4284 1608 9447 2633 6814
1.B Primary Income (1.B.1 to 1.B.3) 25166 52446 –27281 20835 56796 –35960
1.B.1 Compensation of employees 5623 2694 2929 5996 2802 3193
1.B.2 Investment income 15425 49024 –33599 11554 52921 –41366
1.B.2.1 Direct investment 6903 22260 –15357 5573 33023 –27450
1.B.2.2 Portfolio investment 216 11045 –10829 169 6954 –6785
1.B.2.3 Other investment 1361 15666 –14306 395 12936 –12541
1.B.2.4 Reserve assets 6945 53 6893 5418 8 5410
1.B.3 Other primary income 4117 728 3390 3285 1072 2213
1.C Secondary Income (1.C.1+1.C.2) 83351 8036 75314 80321 6762 73558
1.C.1 Financial corporations, nonfinancial corporations, households, and NPISHs 83195 6977 76217 80185 5746 74439
1.C.1.1 Personal transfers (Current transfers between resident and/non-resident households) 80759 5100 75659 77500 4177 73324
1.C.1.2 Other current transfers 2436 1877 559 2685 1569 1116
1.C.2 General government 156 1059 –903 136 1017 –881
2 Capital Account (2.1+2.2) 426 1518 –1092 490 1565 –1075
2.1 Gross acquisitions (DR.)/disposals (CR.) of non-produced nonfinancial assets 48 1066 –1018 104 1038 –933
2.2 Capital transfers 379 453 –74 385 527 –142
3 Financial Account (3.1 to 3.5) 609616 584949 24668 598542 621131 –22589
3.1 Direct Investment (3.1A+3.1B) 77794 34780 43013 86286 42330 43955
3.1.A Direct Investment in India 74390 18384 56006 81973 27046 54927
3.1.A.1 Equity and investment fund shares 65909 18212 47697 78023 26983 51040
3.1.A.1.1 Equity other than reinvestment of earnings 51734 18212 33522 61088 26983 34105
3.1.A.1.2 Reinvestment of earnings 14175 14175 16935 16935
3.1.A.2 Debt instruments 8482 173 8309 3950 63 3887
3.1.A.2.1 Direct investor in direct investment enterprises 8482 173 8309 3950 63 3887
3.1.B Direct Investment by India 3403 16396 –12993 4313 15285 –10972
3.1.B.1 Equity and investment fund shares 3403 10722 –7319 4313 8597 –4284
3.1.B.1.1 Equity other than reinvestment of earnings 3403 7572 –4168 4313 5583 –1271
3.1.B.1.2 Reinvestment of earnings 3151 –3151 3013 –3013
3.1.B.2 Debt instruments 5674 –5674 6688 –6688
3.1.B.2.1 Direct investor in direct investment enterprises 5674 –5674 6688 –6688
3.2 Portfolio Investment 290741 289337 1403 313715 277579 36137
3.2.A Portfolio Investment in India 284128 283576 552 312005 273279 38725
3.2.1 Equity and investment fund shares 215270 215709 –438 269762 230937 38825
3.2.2 Debt securities 68858 67868 990 42243 42342 –99
3.2.B Portfolio Investment by India 6612 5761 851 1711 4299 –2589
3.3 Financial derivatives (other than reserves) and employee stock options 32899 28800 4099 11688 16488 –4800
3.4 Other investment 208183 172533 35650 186854 197448 –10594
3.4.1 Other equity (ADRs/GDRs)
3.4.2 Currency and deposits 55603 47639 7964 47087 39868 7218
3.4.2.1 Central bank (Rupee Debt Movements; NRG) 113 776 –663 621 767 –146
3.4.2.2 Deposit-taking corporations, except the central bank (NRI Deposits) 55490 46863 8627 46465 39101 7364
3.4.2.3 General government
3.4.2.4 Other sectors
3.4.3 Loans (External Assistance, ECBs and Banking Capital) 84592 71160 13432 75483 92735 –17253
3.4.3.A Loans to India 77740 65483 12257 72581 89416 –16835
3.4.3.B Loans by India 6851 5677 1175 2901 3319 –418
3.4.4 Insurance, pension, and standardized guarantee schemes 328 952 –625 200 197 4
3.4.5 Trade credit and advances 38759 39785 –1026 37365 41494 –4130
3.4.6 Other accounts receivable/payable - other 28901 12997 15904 26720 23153 3567
3.4.7 Special drawing rights
3.5 Reserve assets 59498 –59498 87286 –87286
3.5.1 Monetary gold
3.5.2 Special drawing rights n.a.
3.5.3 Reserve position in the IMF n.a.
3.5.4 Other reserve assets (Foreign Currency Assets) 59498 –59498 87286 –87286
4 Total assets/liabilities 609616 584949 24668 598542 621131 –22589
4.1 Equity and investment fund shares 324421 280156 44265 365696 287501 78195
4.2 Debt instruments 256294 232298 23996 206127 223191 –17064
4.3 Other financial assets and liabilities 28901 72495 –43594 26720 110440 –83720
5 Net errors and omissions 1856 882 974 951 1298 –347
n.i.e : not included elsewhere.
Notes : 1.Data for 2020-21 are preliminary estimates.
2.Totals may not tally due to rounding off.
Also see Notes on Tables.

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