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Date : Sep 15, 2021
Table 148 : India’s External Debt - Rupees (end-March)
(₹ Crore)
Item 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
I. Multilateral 142683 131105 138897 145503 154053 157901 201425 193436 216672 257088
A. Government Borrowing 129727 120073 127782 133800 141746 144627 181997 170722 190326 222579
i) Concessional 102559 101490 105114 105852 108448 107395 127771 116046 120653 138691
a) IDA 101122 100065 103671 104457 107019 105947 126127 114552 119068 136816
b) Others 1437 1425 1443 1395 1429 1448 1644 1494 1585 1875
ii) Non-concessional 27168 18583 22668 27948 33298 37232 54226 54676 69673 83888
a) IBRD 19069 14074 16500 19626 21864 22631 29948 28874 39218 45328
b) Others 8099 4509 6168 8322 11434 14601 24278 25802 30455 38560
B. Non-government Borrowing 12956 11032 11115 11703 12307 13274 19428 22714 26346 34509
i) Concessional 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Non-concessional 12956 11032 11115 11703 12307 13274 19428 22714 26346 34509
a) Public Sector 9255 7916 8000 8510 9315 10352 14298 14919 15802 19407
IBRD 4378 4402 4462 4594 4550 4690 7105 8544 9193 11092
Others 4877 3514 3538 3916 4765 5662 7193 6375 6609 8315
b) Financial institutions 3177 2902 2789 2628 2414 2350 3721 5385 7511 10290
IBRD 525 381 252 630 655 593 744 1343 1899 2707
Others 2652 2521 2537 1998 1759 1757 2977 4042 5612 7583
c) Private Sector 524 214 326 565 578 572 1409 2410 3033 4812
IBRD 298 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Others 226 214 326 565 578 572 1409 2410 3033 4812
II. Bilateral 79921 77084 74530 70302 70034 78802 104997 101976 114905 137086
A. Government Borrowing 60243 58121 57458 54593 53810 59391 74662 71584 80406 91641
i) Concessional 59688 57742 57207 54468 53810 59391 74662 71584 80406 91641
ii) Non-concessional 555 379 251 125 0 0 0 0 0 0
B. Non-government Borrowing 19678 18963 17072 15709 16224 19411 30335 30392 34499 45445
i) Concessional 8013 8876 7471 6949 1727 1737 3262 3169 4101 7648
a) Public Sector 5152 5759 5653 5285 1241 1226 1156 1121 1621 4963
b) Financial institutions 2861 3117 1818 1664 486 511 2106 2048 2480 2685
c) Private Sector 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Non-concessional 11665 10087 9601 8760 14497 17674 27073 27223 30398 37797
a) Public Sector 5116 4851 4353 3628 7420 10097 15076 13845 13789 14200
b) Financial institutions 3571 3119 2847 2386 3828 3735 4311 3436 3754 3886
c) Private Sector 2978 2117 2401 2746 3249 3842 7686 9942 12855 19711
III. International Monetary Fund 0 4381 4503 4378 4484 4479 5188 27264 28163 31528
IV. Trade Credit 23750 20553 21976 24175 31237 41296 73772 76011 83112 97117
a) Buyers credit 13421 11061 13040 16088 23617 33134 64046 66849 73273 85896
b) Suppliers credit 5139 4471 3961 3351 2941 2998 3234 2937 2847 3252
c) Export credit component of bilateral credit 5190 5021 4975 4736 4679 5164 6492 6225 6992 7969
d) Export credit for defence purposes 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(Continued)

TABLE 148 : INDIA’S EXTERNAL DEBT – RUPEES (End-March) (Contd.)
(₹ Crore)
Item 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
V. Commercial Borrowing 106843 95611 115533 117991 180669 249243 318209 319221 448448 614623
a) Commercial bank loans 46929 50346 62896 73508 107145 160577 219925 202350 261678 373194
b) Securitized borrowings (inclu. IDBs and FCCBs) 57495 41567 48992 41112 68020 82641 91286 113177 183504 238849
c) Loans/securitized borrowings, etc., with multilateral/bilateral guarantee and IFC(W) 2419 3698 3645 3371 5504 6025 6998 3694 3266 2580
d) Self liquidating loans 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
VI. Non-resident Deposits 110022 135618 143267 161834 179786 174623 210118 217062 230812 299840
VII. Rupee Debt 13405 11856 10071 9184 8508 8065 7760 7480 7147 6922
a) Defence 11946 10539 8887 8112 7533 7172 6935 6709 6416 6220
b) Civilian 1459 1317 1184 1072 975 893 825 771 731 702
VIII. Total Long-term Debt (I to VII) 476624 476208 508777 533367 628771 714409 921469 942450 1129258 1444205
IX. Short-term Debt 22180 19251 77528 87155 122631 182881 220656 236188 290149 399962
a) Non-resident Deposits (up to 1 year maturity) 9320 1321 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
b) Trade-related credits 12860 17930 71173 86531 113256 167540 203345 214267 261006 333202
1) Above 180 days 12860 17930 32922 38788 52188 91502 118936 126391 157806 200454
2) Up to 180 days 0 0 38251 47743 61068 76038 84409 87876 103200 132748
c) FII investments on government treasury bills and other instruments 0 0 6355 624 1732 2603 10522 15153 24214 48066
d) Investments in treasury bills by foreign central banks and international institutions 0 0 0 0 712 620 534 467 225 326
e) External Debt Liabilities of (i+ii) 0 0 0 0 6931 12118 6255 6301 4704 18368
i) Central Bank 0 0 0 0 2185 4458 3892 3139 693 871
ii) Commercial Banks 0 0 0 0 4746 7660 2363 3162 4011 17497
X. Gross External Debt Position 498804 495459 586305 620522 751402 897290 1142125 1178638 1419407 1844167
Concessional Debt as % of Total Debt 36.8 35.8 30.7 28.4 23.0 19.7 18.7 16.8 14.9 13.3
Short-term Debt as % of Total Debt 4.5 3.9 13.2 14.0 16.3 20.4 19.3 20.1 20.4 21.7
Debt to GDP Ratio (%) 20.0 17.7 18.4 17.1 17.7 18.3 20.7 18.5 18.6 21.1
Debt Service Ratio (%) 16.0 16.1 5.9 10.1 4.7 4.8 4.4 5.8 4.4 6.0
(Continued)

TABLE 148 : INDIA’S EXTERNAL DEBT – RUPEES (End-March) (Contd.)
(₹ Crore)
Item 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
I. Multilateral 279310 321560 328148 359490 354118 371781 395885 448824 506715
A. Government Borrowing 235670 268491 269431 294122 288246 304595 320336 362042 419319
i) Concessional 143130 163589 154581 166506 156726 164002 160421 166300 165241
a) IDA 141119 161165 152171 163772 154050 160970 157188 162506 161408
b) Others 2011 2424 2410 2734 2676 3032 3233 3794 3833
ii) Non-concessional 92540 104902 114850 127616 131519 140593 159915 195742 254077
a) IBRD 48239 53433 57107 61553 60667 61663 67248 82796 99216
b) Others 44301 51469 57743 66063 70852 78930 92667 112946 154862
B. Non-government Borrowing 43640 53069 58717 65368 65872 67186 75549 86782 87396
i) Concessional 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Non-concessional 43640 53069 58717 65368 65872 67186 75549 86782 87396
a) Public Sector 23414 28105 31385 35409 32123 33715 39072 40927 42974
IBRD 12749 14412 15674 17005 16625 16935 18652 21544 21900
Others 10664 13693 15711 18404 15498 16780 20419 19383 21075
b) Financial institutions 14370 18881 21859 25190 29829 30245 32602 42164 41010
IBRD 2973 3820 3709 5984 7276 7418 8449 8609 7885
Others 11397 15061 18150 19206 22553 22826 24152 33555 33125
c) Private Sector 5856 6083 5473 4769 3920 3226 3876 3690 3412
IBRD 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Others 5856 6083 5473 4769 3920 3226 3876 3690 3412
II. Bilateral 136329 148813 136060 149378 150808 164788 183742 210362 225618
A. Government Borrowing 88007 96918 88452 102925 109742 128945 141410 167494 179101
i) Concessional 88007 96918 88452 102925 109742 128945 141410 167494 179101
ii) Non-concessional 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
B. Non-government Borrowing 48322 51895 47608 46453 41066 35843 42332 42868 46517
i) Concessional 8435 10318 10080 11892 11988 12973 17389 24776 25069
a) Public Sector 5916 7763 7546 9052 6758 7600 12182 18751 19265
b) Financial institutions 2519 2555 2534 2840 5230 5373 5207 6025 5804
c) Private Sector 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ii) Non-concessional 39887 41577 37528 34560 29077 22871 24943 18092 21448
a) Public Sector 13010 13374 11561 10938 9478 8519 9784 3618 3843
b) Financial institutions 4206 4361 3323 3029 3169 2530 2444 2007 5958
c) Private Sector 22671 23842 22644 20594 16430 11822 12715 12467 11647
III. International Monetary Fund 32439 36910 34350 37177 35129 37716 38202 40931 41442
IV. Trade Credit 96556 93275 78915 70001 62426 61676 53542 52617 47705
a) Buyers credit 84667 80069 66006 54963 46790 43699 34377 30952 25185
b) Suppliers credit 4236 4779 5217 6088 6094 6764 6868 7101 6947
c) Export credit component of bilateral credit 7653 8427 7692 8950 9543 11213 12297 14565 15574
d) Export credit for defence purposes 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(Continued)

TABLE 148 : INDIA’S EXTERNAL DEBT – RUPEES (End-March) (Concld.)
(₹ Crore)
Item 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
V. Commercial Borrowing 762128 897744 1128501 1197176 1115514 1312723 1423574 1654195 1566295
a) Commercial bank loans 454450 582644 635246 647311 567286 550788 654234 823472 810719
b) Securitized borrowings (inclu. IDBs and FCCBs) 306070 313416 490895 547465 545906 759701 767266 828604 753585
c) Loans/securitised borrowings, etc., with multilateral/bilateral guarantee and IFC(W) 1608 1684 2360 2400 2323 2234 2074 2120 1992
d) Self liquidating loans 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
VI. Non-resident Deposits 385202 624101 720997 841956 757751 820737 902152 977309 1027382
VII. Rupee Debt 6839 8826 9426 8479 7962 7886 8007 7704 7162
a) Defence 6164 8179 8807 7887 7398 7350 7498 7223 6708
b) Civilian 675 647 619 592 564 536 509 481 453
VIII. Total Long-term Debt (I to VII) 1698803 2131229 2436397 2663657 2483708 2777308 3005104 3391944 3422320
IX. Short-term Debt 525931 550985 535144 553906 571387 664575 749924 805708 742995
a) Non-resident Deposits (up to 1 year maturity) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
b) Trade-related credits 472026 491271 510938 530806 560781 652969 708379 764291 714863
1) Above 180 days 321010 330500 334267 339674 364104 431225 362982 389010 344758
2) Up to 180 days 151016 160771 176671 191132 196677 221744 345397 375281 370106
c) FII investments on government treasury bills and other instruments 29671 33686 7307 132 260 580 12003 12990 12467
d) Investments in treasury bills by foreign central banks and international institutions 447 572 714 1576 1577 1791 1820 1822 1955
e) External Debt Liabilities of (i+ii) 23787 25456 16186 21392 8768 9234 27721 26605 13710
i) Central Bank 985 892 939 1197 1575 1782 1529 1357 1282
ii) Commercial Banks 22802 24564 15247 20195 7194 7453 26193 25248 12429
X. Gross External Debt Position 2224734 2682214 2971542 3217563 3055095 3441883 3755028 4197652 4165315
Concessional Debt as % of Total Debt 11.1 10.4 8.8 9.0 9.4 9.1 8.7 8.8 9.1
Short-term Debt as % of Total Debt 23.6 20.5 18.0 17.2 18.7 19.3 20.0 19.1 17.7
Debt to GDP Ratio (%) 22.4 23.9 23.8 23.4 19.8 20.1 19.9 20.6 21.1
Debt Service Ratio (%) 5.9 5.9 7.6 8.8 8.3 7.5 6.4 6.5 8.2
IDBs : India Development Bonds FCCBs : Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds IFC(W) : International Finance Corporation (Washington)
Notes : 1. Other concessional multilateral government borrowing refers to debt outstanding to institutions like IFAD, OPEC & EEC (SAC).
2. Multilateral non-concessional government/ public sector/ financial institutions other borrowings refer to debt outstanding against loans from ADB.
3. Securitised commercial borrowings (inclu. IDBs and FCCBs) include net investment by 100% Fll debt funds, Resurgent India Bonds (RIBs) and India Millennium Deposits (IMDs).
4. Rupee debt refers to debt owed to Russia denominated in rupees and converted at current exchange rates, payable in exports.
5. Civilian's rupee debt includes supplier’s credit from end-March 1990 onwards.
6. Short-term debt does not include suppliers’ credit of up to180 days from 1994 till 2004.
7. Multilateral loans do not include revaluation of IBRD pooled loans and exchange rate adjustment under IDA loans for Pre-1971 credits.
8. Debt service ratio from the year 1992-93 includes the revised private transfer contra-entry on account of gold and silver imports.
Source : Ministry of Finance, Government of india and Reserve Bank of India.

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