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Date : Dec 31, 2007
RBI releases International Investment Position (IIP) of India as at the end-June 2007

The Reserve Bank of India today released the quarterly International Investment Position (IIP) of India as at end-June 2007.

Highlights

I. Overall International Investment Position

(1) The net IIP (Assets – Liabilities) of India had resulted in net claims of non-residents to India, which increased by US$ 15.50 billion to US$ 62.45 billion as at end-June 2007 from a level of US$ 46.95 billion as at end-March 2007 (Table I), due to large capital inflow including external commercial loans.

(2) Among the external financial assets, Reserve Assets had registered an increase of US$ 14.17 billion as at end-June 2007 over the end-March 2007, followed by the Direct Investment Abroad, which witnessed an increase of US $ 5.42 billion during the same period.

(3) The total Reserve Assets exceeded the entire external debt (US $ 165.39 billion*) by US $ 47.96 billion as at end-June 2007.

(4) Regarding external financial liabilities, the Portfolio investment and Direct investment in India increased by US $ 14.32 billion and US $ 10.69 billion respectively, at end-June 2007 over end-March 2007.  Further, 'Other investment' in India increased to US $ 145.74 billion as at end-June 2007 from a level of US $139.12 billion as at end-March 2007.


Table I.  Overall International Investment Position
(in US $ billion)

Period

Mar. 05
(R)

Mar. 06
(PR)

Jun. 06
(PR)

Sep. 06
(PR)

Dec.06
(PR)

Mar. 07
(PR)

Jun.07
(P)

Net IIP

-43.96

-49.22

-46.79

-50.06

-47.18

-46.95

-62.45

A. Assets

166.84

182.78

191.33

197.22

222.43

243.60

259.73

  1. Direct Investment

10.03

12.96

14.09

15.25

21.64

23.97

29.39

  2. Portfolio Investment

0.47

0.97

0.76

0.87

0.85

0.79

0.79

      2.1 Equity Securities

0.24

0.50

0.33

0.38

0.39

0.38

0.41

      2.2 Debt Securities

0.23

0.48

0.43

0.49

0.46

0.41

0.38

  3. Other Investment

14.82

17.23

13.57

15.79

22.69

19.66

16.20

      3.1 Trade Credits

1.08

-0.29

-0.67

-0.72

2.06

2.50

1.86

      3.2 Loans

1.86

2.58

1.63

2.30

3.66

2.63

2.02

      3.3 Currency & Deposits

8.45

11.62

9.29

10.76

13.31

10.31

8.14

      3.4 Other Assets

3.43

3.31

3.32

3.45

3.66

4.22

4.18

  4. Reserve Assets

141.51

151.62

162.91

165.31

177.25

199.18

213.35

B. Liabilities

210.79

232.00

238.12

247.28

269.61

290.55

322.18

  1. Direct Investment

44.49

51.13

52.14

55.82

66.45

72.29

82.98

  2. Portfolio Investment

55.96

64.59

64.63

67.53

73.67

79.14

93.46

      2.1 Equity Securities

43.16

54.74

52.47

54.78

59.99

63.27

75.17

      2.2 Debt securities

12.81

9.85

12.17

12.75

13.68

15.87

18.29

 3. Other Investment

110.34

116.28

121.35

123.93

129.50

139.12

145.74

     3.1 Trade Credits

9.57

10.51

10.91

12.41

11.77

13.71

14.72

     3.2 Loans

65.94

67.87

70.39

71.84

75.85

82.24

86.04

     3.3 Currency & Deposits

33.64

37.31

39.37

38.80

40.94

42.30

43.81

     3.4 Other Liabilities

1.19

0.60

0.68

0.89

0.93

0.87

1.16

Note- R: Revised; PR: Partially revised; P: Provisional; [figures in the Table have been compiled based on IIP estimates in terms of US $ Million]

II.  Composition of External Financial Assets and Liabilities

(1) The major part of country’s external financial assets was in the form of Reserve Assets constituting 82.1 per cent followed by Direct investment and Other investment accounting for 11.3 per cent and 6.2 per cent, respectively (Table II). 

(2) As at end-June 2007, the country’s external financial liabilities to the tune of 45.2 per cent were in the form of Other investments, i.e. trade credits, loans, currency & deposits and other liabilities, followed by Portfolio investment at 29.0 per cent and Direct investment at 25.8 per cent. Further, 'loan' and ‘currency & deposits’ were having 26.7 per cent and 13.6 per cent share respectively, in the total external financial liabilities of the country whereas trade credit had accounted for 4.6 per cent as at end-June 2007.

Table II.  Composition of External Financial Assets and Liabilities
(In per cent)

Period

Mar. 05
(R)

Mar. 06
(PR)

Jun. 06
(PR)

Sep. 06
(PR)

Dec. 06
(PR)

Mar. 07
(PR)

Jun.07
(P)

A.  Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      1. Direct Investment

6.01

7.09

7.36

7.73

9.73

9.84

11.32

      2.Portfolio Investment

0.28

0.53

0.40

0.44

0.38

0.32

0.30

      3. Other Investment

8.88

9.43

7.09

8.01

10.20

8.07

6.24

      4. Reserve Assets

84.82

82.95

85.15

83.82

79.69

81.77

82.14

Total

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

B.  Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       1. Direct Investment

21.11

22.04

21.90

22.57

24.65

24.88

25.76

       2. Portfolio Investment

26.55

27.84

27.14

27.31

27.32

27.24

29.01

       3. Other Investment

52.35

50.12

50.96

50.12

48.03

47.88

45.24

Total

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

Note- R: Revised; PR: Partially revised; P: Provisional; [figures in the Table have been compiled based on IIP estimates in terms of US $ Million]

Note *: As published in External Debt Statistics of India, June 2007, RBI.

III. External Debt Liabilities vis-à-vis External Non-Debt Liabilities

The share of non-debt liabilities to total external financial liabilities increased to 49.1 per cent as at end-June 2007 from 46.7 per cent as at end-March 2007 due to large capital inflow under direct & portfolio investments (Table III).

Table III.  Share of External Debt and Non-Debt Liabilities
(in per cent)
Period

Mar. 05 (R)

Mar. 06 (PR)

Jun.06 (PR)

Sep.06 (PR)

Dec.06 (PR)

Mar.07 (PR)

Jun. 07 (P)

Non-Debt Liabilities

41.58

45.64

43.93

44.72

46.90

46.66

49.09

Debt Liabilities

58.42

54.36

56.07

55.28

53.10

53.34

50.91

Total

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

Note- R: Revised; PR: Partially revised; P: Provisional; [figures in the Table have been compiled based on IIP estimates in terms of US $ Million]

The International Investment Position (IIP), compiled at the end of a specific period such as end-March, is the statement of the stock of external financial assets and liabilities of a country. The financial assets consist of the country's financial claims on non-residents and financial liabilities consist of the country's financial liabilities to non-residents. These transactions are classified according to institutional resident sectors, namely, monetary authority, government, banks, and other sectors including corporate sector. The net international investment position (the stock of external financial assets less the stock of external financial liabilities) shows the difference between what an economy owns in relation to what it owes.

As per the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), data on IIP are to be disseminated on annual basis (quarterly encouraged) with a time lag of two quarters.  In India, the IIP is disseminated on annual basis, i.e., as at end-March with two quarters lag (by end-September).  The IIP of India as at end-March 2007 was  released on September 20, 2007.  Further, since the quarter end-June 2006 onwards, the IIP of India is also being released on quarterly basis with a lag of less than two quarters.

Alpana Killawala
Chief General Manager

Press Release : 2007-2008/862


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