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Date : Jan 19, 2018
Census on Foreign Liabilities and Assets of Indian Direct Investment Companies 2016-17 – Data Release

Today, the Reserve Bank released the provisional results of the 2016-17 round of the annual census on foreign liabilities and assets (FLA) of Indian direct investment companies. This census covers Indian companies that have cross-border liabilities and assets arising on account of foreign direct investment (FDI) in India and/or overseas direct investment (ODI).

Of the 18,667 companies that responded, 17,020 companies had FDI/ODI in their balance sheets in March 2017. Over 80 per cent of the 15,169 companies that reported inward FDI were subsidiaries of foreign companies (i.e., single foreign investor holding above 50 per cent of total equity).

The census yields comprehensive information on the market value of foreign liabilities and assets of Indian companies arising on account of FDI, ODI and other investments. It is important to note that changes in outstanding asset/liabilities would be different from flows recorded in the balance of payments (BoP) during a year, as the former would also include valuation changes due to price and exchange rate movements.

Main Findings:

  • 96 per cent of the responding companies were unlisted in March 2017 and most of them had received only inward FDI; unlisted companies had higher share of FDI equity capital vis-à-vis listed companies (Tables 1 and 2A).

  • Non-financial FDI companies had a much higher share in total foreign equity participation vis-a-vis financial FDI companies (Table 2B).

  • The ratio of market values of inward to outward direct investment, increased to 4.3 in March 2017 from 3.6 a year ago; equity participation accounted for 94 per cent and 79 per cent shares in inward and outward FDI, respectively (Table 3).

  • FDI companies reported a marginal increase in other investment liabilities, which include trade credit, loans, currency and deposits and other payables with unrelated (third party) non-resident entities (Table 4).

  • Mauritius was the largest source of FDI in India (21.8 per cent share at market value) followed by the USA, the UK, Singapore and Japan whereas Singapore (19.7 per cent) was the major ODI destination, followed by the Netherlands, Mauritius, and the USA (Tables 5 and 6).

  • The manufacturing sector accounted for nearly half of the total FDI at market prices; ‘information and communication services’ and ‘financial and insurance activities’ were the other major sectors that attracted FDI (Tables 7 and 8).

  • Total sales, including exports, of foreign subsidiaries in India increased by 18.7 per cent during 2016-17 whereas their purchases, including imports, increased by 20.1 per cent (Tables 10A and 10B).

  • Exports of foreign subsidiaries accounted for 30.7 per cent of sales whereas imports constituted 37.8 per cent share of purchases (Tables 10C and 10D).

  • In respect of overseas subsidiaries of Indian companies’ sales and purchases; the purchase-to-sales ratio was 81.3 per cent (Table 9A and 9B).

  • Exports made up 30.8 per cent of sales of overseas subsidiaries in 2016-17, whereas imports accounted for 57.9 per cent of purchases (Table 9C and 9D).

Ajit Prasad
Assistant Adviser

Press Release : 2017-2018/1981


Table 1: Coverage of companies* in FLA Census, 2016-17
Category Types of Company Direct Investment (No. of Companies)
Both Inward & Outward Only Inward Only Outward Total
Unlisted Companies Foreign Associate in India 255 2,371 - 2,626
Foreign Subsidiary in India 237 11,888 - 12,125
Others - 135* 1,411 1,546
Total (16,297) 492 14,394 1,411 16,297
Listed Companies Foreign Associate in India 68 96 - 164
Foreign Subsidiary in India 32 87 - 119
Others - - 440 440
Total (723) 100 183 440 723
Grand Total (17,020) 592 14,577 1,851 17,020
*include Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), Public-Private Partnership and Limited Liabilities Partnerships (LLPs).

Table 2A: Foreign equity participation of Listed and Unlisted FDI companies
Amount in ₹ billion at face value (end-March 2017)
Category Unlisted Company Listed Company Total
Amount Per cent Amount Per cent Amount
No. of Companies (actual) 14,886 98.1 283 1.9 15,169
PUC 5,638.9 93.1 415.2 6.9 6,054.1
of which Equity Capital 5,330.4 93.7 359.3 6.3 5,689.7
of which FDI Equity Capital 4,308.6 97.3 117.8 2.7 4,426.4

Table 2B: Foreign equity participation of Financial and Non-financial FDI companies
Amount in ₹ billion at face value (end-March 2017)
Category No of Companies Paid Up Capital (Equity & Debt) Amount-Total Equity (Including Resident & Non-Resident) Exclusively only Equity Stake under FDI Scheme % share of FDI out of Total Equity
Financial Companies 652 897.0 855.6 589.1 68.9
Non-Financial Companies 14,517 5,157.1 4,834.1 3,837.3 79.4
Total 15,169 6,054.1 5,689.7 4,426.4 77.8

Table 3: Inward and Outward Direct Investment
Amount in ₹ billion at market value (end-March)
Direct Investment Inward Outward
2016 2017 2016 2017
Equity 19,902.7 21,995.0 4,771.8 4,266.7
Debt 1,421.3 1,391.6 1,223.6 1,144.1
Total 21,324.0 23,386.6 5,995.4 5,410.8

Table 4: Other Foreign liabilities/assets of Direct Investment Companies
Amount in ₹ billion (end-March)
Other Investment Outstanding liabilities with unrelated party Outstanding assets on unrelated party
2016 2017 2016 2017
Trade Credits 2,310.6 2,896.4 1,291.9 1,154.1
Loans 5,277.9 5,367.6 1,849.6 1,382.1
Currency & Deposits 2,656.9 2,396.7 402.9 424.8
Other receivable and payable accounts 2,341.9 2,114.3 1,086.4 1,164.1
Total 12,587.3 12,775.0 4,630.8 4,125.1

Table 5: Country-wise distribution of Inward Direct Investment
Amount in ₹ billion at market value (end-March)
Country Total FDI Equity Debt
All Countries 23,386.6 21,995.0 1,391.6
of which:      
Mauritius 5090.4 4654.6 435.7
United States of America 3858.5 3837.2 21.3
United Kingdom 3381.9 3319.5 62.4
Singapore 2372.6 2175.8 196.8
Japan 2176.7 2062.6 114.2
Germany 1446.5 1361.7 84.8
Netherlands 1254.9 1150.9 104.0
Switzerland 1215.6 1189.6 26.0
Korea, Republic of 470.4 349.7 120.7
France 341.7 317.8 24.0

Table 6: Country-wise distribution of ODI stock – March 2017
Amount in ₹ billion at market value
Country Total ODI Equity Debt
Total 5,410.8 4,266.7 1,144.1
of which:      
Singapore 1066.3 915.6 150.7
Netherlands 835.5 715.8 119.7
Mauritius 834.8 606.7 228.1
United States of America 666.9 401.1 265.8
United Arab Emirates 367.1 246.6 120.5
United Kingdom 335.9 211.8 124.0
Switzerland 214.2 110.1 104.1
Cyprus 186.6 174.9 11.8
Jersey 149.9 149.8 0.1
Bermuda 93.9 85.1 8.8

Table 7: Activity-wise equity participation of the Indian companies – March 2017
Amount in ₹ billion at face value
Activity Total Equity (Including Resident & Non-Resident) Equity Stake under FDI Scheme % share of FDI in Total Equity
1. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 10.3 8.5 82.5
2. Mining 40.3 23.5 58.3
3. Manufacturing 2207.8 1872.9 84.8
4. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 391.2 235.7 60.3
5. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 9.3 6.9 74.2
6. Construction 221.6 162.1 73.1
7.Information and communication 732.5 495.1 67.6
8.Other Services 2076.7 1621.7 78.1
Total 5,689.7 4,426.4 77.8
Note: 1. A company is classified to an activity from which it has earned major revenue, if it has more than one activity [National Industrial Classification (NIC) code].
2. Components may not add up to the total due to rounding off (applicable for all tables).

Table 8: Activity-wise distribution in 15,169 FDI companies – March 2017
Amount in ₹ billion at market value
Activity No. of Companies Equity Debt Total
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 67 42.9 0.7 43.6
B. Mining 97 815.4 2.2 817.6
C. Manufacturing 3,672 11,056.8 680.1 11,736.9
1. Food products 180 925.7 19.4 945.1
2. Beverages 29 128.0 2.4 130.4
3.Tobacco products 4 860.4 - 860.4
4. Textiles 93 32.0 4.6 36.6
5. Wearing Apparel 57 94.8 1.5 96.3
6. Leather and related products 14 41.6 0.3 41.9
7.Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 3 0.1 0.2 0.3
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 35 33.8 9.8 43.6
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 14 1.9 - 1.9
10.Coke and refined petroleum products 24 384.7 2.1 386.8
11.Chemicals and chemical products 241 837.4 41.2 878.6
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 204 564.6 150.2 714.8
13.Rrubber and plastics products 136 171.0 11.2 182.2
14.Other non-metallic mineral products 38 131.7 2.7 134.4
15.Basic metals 57 145.9 22.9 168.8
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 135 71.9 4.7 76.6
17.Computer, electronic and optical products 100 387.7 92.9 480.6
18. Electrical equipment 210 576.5 24.5 601.0
19.Machinery and equipment n.e.c. 554 892.3 26.9 919.2
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 128 1,791.7 143.0 1,934.7
21. Other transport equipment 81 84.0 5.6 89.6
22. Furniture 25 2.6 0.9 3.5
23. Other manufacturing 1,140 2,868.3 111.7 2,980.0
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 170 28.2 1.4 29.6
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 438 502.2 98.5 600.7
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 69 6.5 0.6 7.1
F. Construction 711 375.4 290.9 666.3
G. Services 10,115 9,195.8 318.6 9,514.4
1.Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 1,445 635.2 114.8 750.0
2.Transportation and storage 386 484.3 14.8 499.1
3.Accommodation and Food service activities 328 146.4 10.1 156.5
4.Information and communication 3,610 4,210.5 59.4 4,269.9
5.Financial and insurance activities 652 2,742.3 15.4 2,757.7
6.Real estate activities 185 117.6 23.4 141.0
7.Other Services activities 3,509 859.5 80.7 940.2
Total 15,169 21,995.0 1,391.6 23,386.6

Table 9A: Activity-wise Sales of 12,244* Foreign subsidiary companies in India
Amount in ₹ billion
Activity No. of Companies 2015-16 2016-17 % Share in Total (2016-17)
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 32 52.9 56.3 0.3
B. Mining 29 107.3 178.1 0.9
C. Manufacturing 2,141 9,041.9 10,663.3 55.2
1. Food products 88 583.3 640.8 3.3
2. Beverages 12 59.8 75.1 0.4
3. Tobacco products 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
4. Textiles 33 35.5 35.8 0.2
5. Wearing Apparel 22 28.5 30.0 0.2
6. Leather and related products 7 28.9 31.4 0.2
7. Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 2 0.3 0.5 0.0
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 18 85.1 66.4 0.3
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 8 1.7 3.7 0.0
10. Coke and refined petroleum products 11 648.9 863.4 4.5
11. Chemicals and chemical products 145 530.2 560.1 2.9
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 97 365.6 386.9 2.0
13. Rubber and plastics products 76 155.9 168.6 0.9
14. Other non-metallic mineral products 21 44.5 49.2 0.3
15. Basic metals 25 242.5 341.7 1.8
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 70 80.9 90.1 0.5
17. Computer, electronic and optical products 55 921.1 1,061.1 5.5
18. Electrical equipment 138 527.3 710.9 3.7
19. Machinery and equipment n.e.c. 375 795.3 818.8 4.2
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 79 2,062.9 2,356.0 12.2
21. Other transport equipment 52 125.0 149.9 0.8
22. Furniture 13 6.2 5.9 0.0
23. Other manufacturing 668 1,660.2 2,159.9 11.2
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 126 52.3 57.1 0.3
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 119 144.6 165.1 0.9
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 27 11.1 11.3 0.1
F. Construction 194 193.1 229.2 1.2
G. Services 6,015 6,731.0 8,017.4 41.5
1. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 926 1,683.1 2,190.6 11.3
2. Transportation and storage 188 211.0 231.1 1.2
3. Accommodation and Food service activities 93 52.7 56.4 0.3
4. Information and communication 2,439 3,451.8 4,000.4 20.7
5. Financial and insurance activities 242 361.3 387.6 2.0
6. Real estate activities 45 43.7 67.9 0.4
7. Other Services activities 2,082 927.4 1,083.4 5.6
Total 8,557 16,281.9 19,320.7 100.0
* Of the 12,244 subsidiary companies, 8,557 reported sales

Table 9B: Activity-wise Purchase of 12,244* Foreign subsidiary companies in India
Amount in ₹ billion
Activity No. of Companies 2015-16 2016-17 % Share in Total (2016-17)
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 25 45.0 42.8 0.4
B. Mining 26 83.5 153.5 1.3
C. Manufacturing 2,033 6,001.7 7,080.7 59.1
1. Food products 87 373.0 382.7 3.2
2. Beverages 13 23.9 20.8 0.2
3. Tobacco products 0 0.0 0.0 0
4. Textiles 32 17.2 18.5 0.2
5. Wearing Apparel 22 15.7 17.1 0.1
6. Leather and related products 7 11.1 12.6 0.1
7. Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 2 0.2 0.3 0
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 16 51.2 34.0 0.3
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 3 1.2 2.3 0
10. Coke and refined petroleum products 11 492.7 510.4 4.3
11. Chemicals and chemical products 141 313.4 330.9 2.8
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 92 202.9 215.0 1.8
13. Rubber and plastics products 75 85.0 99.9 0.8
14. Other non-metallic mineral products 20 18.1 20.4 0.2
15 .Basic metals 23 258.4 327.1 2.7
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 71 50.6 55.3 0.5
17. Computer, electronic and optical products 54 616.9 695.5 5.8
18. Electrical equipment 131 312.2 429.2 3.6
19. Machinery and equipment n.e.c. 356 517.4 554.9 4.6
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 79 1,417.1 1,720.0 14.4
21. Other transport equipment 49 88.3 101.3 0.8
22. Furniture 11 3.1 3.7 0
23. Other manufacturing 639 1,107.6 1,498.5 12.5
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 99 24.5 30.3 0.3
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 89 94.6 115.1 1
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 22 6.5 6.8 0.1
F. Construction 154 103.4 131.0 1.1
G. Services 3,299 3,634.5 4,444.4 37.1
1. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 855 1,447.3 1,962.9 16.4
2. Transportation and storage 148 151.9 166.4 1.4
3. Accommodation and Food service activities 82 20.0 21.9 0.2
4. Information and communication 984 1,390.6 1,560.6 13
5. Financial and insurance activities 126 137.2 160.6 1.3
6. Real estate activities 36 34.6 41.9 0.3
7. Other Services activities 1,068 452.9 530.1 4.4
Total 5,648 9,969.2 11,974.3 100
* Of the 12,244 subsidiary companies, 5,648 reported purchase

Table 9C: Activity-wise Export of 12,244* Foreign subsidiary companies in India
Amount in ₹ billion
Activity 2015-16 2016-17
Amount Amount % Share in Total % Share in Sales
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 2.2 2.0 0.0 3.6
B. Mining 2.3 1.9 0.0 1.1
C. Manufacturing 1,836.4 2,047.9 34.6 19.2
1. Food products 88.0 53.3 0.9 8.3
2. Beverages 2.1 1.6 0.0 2.1
3. Tobacco products 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
4. Textiles 14.1 13.7 0.2 38.3
5. Wearing Apparel 12.5 12.2 0.2 40.7
6. Leather and related products 2.4 3.0 0.1 9.6
7. Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 0.0 0.1 0.0 20.0
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 10.1 10.6 0.2 16.0
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 0.8 1.3 0.0 35.1
10. Coke and refined petroleum products 273.8 358.6 6.1 41.5
11. Chemicals and chemical products 94.9 102.1 1.7 18.2
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 146.3 141.5 2.4 36.6
13. Rubber and plastics products 26.1 30.1 0.5 17.9
14. Other non-metallic mineral products 8.0 8.8 0.1 17.9
15. Basic metals 25.7 62.3 1.1 18.2
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 9.9 10.5 0.2 11.7
17. Computer, electronic and optical products 189.7 206.5 3.5 19.5
18. Electrical equipment 81.9 91.8 1.5 12.9
19. Machinery and equipment n.e.c. 231.2 241.7 4.1 29.5
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 295.7 343.9 5.8 14.6
21. Other transport equipment 45.8 49.8 0.8 33.2
22. Furniture 0.9 0.9 0.0 15.3
23. Other manufacturing 268.8 294.5 5.0 13.6
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 7.7 9.1 0.2 15.9
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 8.4 6.0 0.1 3.6
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 0.8 0.7 0.0 6.2
F. Construction 15.7 14.1 0.2 6.2
G. Services 3,246.9 3,852.0 65.0 48.0
1. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 312.0 386.3 6.5 17.6
2. Transportation and storage 55.3 54.7 0.9 23.7
3. Accommodation and Food service activities 6.4 7.7 0.1 13.7
4. Information and communication 2,349.4 2,802.0 47.3 70.0
5. Financial and insurance activities 127.1 142.4 2.4 36.7
6. Real estate activities 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.7
7. Other Services activities 396.2 458.4 7.7 42.3
Total 5,112.7 5,924.6 100.0 30.7
* Of the 12,244 subsidiary companies, 6,365 reported exports

Table 9D: Activity-wise Import of 12,244* Foreign Subsidiary Companies in India
Amount in ₹ billion
Activity 2015-16 2016-17
Amount Amount % Share in Total % Share in Purchase
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 6.0 5.8 0.1 13.6
B. Mining 15.0 88.7 2.0 57.8
C. Manufacturing 2,777.6 3,091.7 68.3 43.7
1. Food products 137.7 89.1 2.0 23.3
2. Beverages 5.3 5.0 0.1 24.0
3. Tobacco products 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
4. Textiles 5.8 5.4 0.1 29.2
5. Wearing Apparel 6.0 6.6 0.1 38.6
6. Leather and related products 2.6 2.9 0.1 23.0
7. Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 23.5 17.3 0.4 50.9
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 0.3 0.1 0.0 4.3
10. Coke and refined petroleum products 337.1 404.0 8.9 79.2
11. Chemicals and chemical products 161.6 170.5 3.8 51.5
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 99.8 106.8 2.4 49.7
13. Rubber and plastics products 44.6 47.9 1.1 47.9
14. Other non-metallic mineral products 8.3 9.9 0.2 48.5
15. Basic metals 86.6 89.2 2.0 27.3
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 17.2 18.8 0.4 34.0
17. Computer, electronic and optical products 528.3 560.8 12.4 80.6
18. Electrical equipment 131.1 161.3 3.6 37.6
19. Machinery and equipment n.e.c. 185.5 203.5 4.5 36.7
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 303.4 317.4 7.0 18.5
21. Other transport equipment 39.8 41.9 0.9 41.4
22. Furniture 1.2 1.3 0.0 35.1
23. Other manufacturing 642.5 821.5 18.1 54.8
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 9.4 10.5 0.2 34.7
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 19.2 34.1 0.8 29.6
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 1.1 1.1 0.0 16.2
F. Construction 12.3 11.7 0.3 8.9
G. Services 1,083.5 1,296.7 28.6 29.2
1. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 682.7 916.1 20.2 46.7
2. Transportation and storage 29.0 28.2 0.6 16.9
3. Accommodation and Food service activities 2.3 2.6 0.1 11.9
4. Information and communication 288.6 264.0 5.8 16.9
5. Financial and insurance activities 9.3 11.4 0.3 7.1
6. Real estate activities 0.9 0.9 0.0 2.1
7. Other Services activities 70.7 73.5 1.6 13.9
Total 3,914.7 4,529.8 100.0 37.8
* Of the 12,244 subsidiary companies, 3,931 reported imports

Table 10A: Activity-wise Sales of 3,578 Overseas Subsidiaries of 2,100 Indian companies
Amount in ₹ billion
Activity No. of Companies 2015-16 2016-17 % Share in Total (2016-17)
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 13 8.7 8.8 0.2
B. Mining 42 78.9 77.9 1.8
C. Manufacturing 713 1,539.1 1,582.9 37.2
1. Food products 36 37.7 38.3 0.9
2. Beverages 7 25.7 25.3 0.6
3. Tobacco products 6 4.2 5.2 0.1
4. Textiles 34 22.3 25.5 0.6
5. Wearing Apparel 8 11.2 12.6 0.3
6. Leather and related products 8 40.9 38.8 0.9
7. Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 5 2.1 3.0 0.1
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 5 4.5 4.1 0.1
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 5 1.5 1.4 0.0
10. Coke and refined petroleum products 6 72.9 200.6 4.7
11. Chemicals and chemical products 67 146.8 143.9 3.4
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 89 282.0 300.9 7.1
13. Rubber and plastics products 32 8.8 11.7 0.3
14. Other non-metallic mineral products 8 4.9 5.3 0.1
15. Basic metals 19 28.6 22.1 0.5
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 18 35.7 43.8 1.0
17. Computer, electronic and optical products 18 0.7 1.3 0.0
18. Electrical equipment 29 11.1 11.9 0.3
19. Machinery and equipment n.e.c. 47 20.4 18.0 0.4
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 17 272.1 285.8 6.7
21. Other transport equipment 7 8.4 7.9 0.2
22. Furniture 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
23. Other manufacturing 235 495.9 374.9 8.8
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 7 0.7 0.6 0.0
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 35 17.2 24.8 0.6
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 5 1.8 1.7 0.0
F. Construction 68 50.0 32.0 0.8
G. Services 1,224 2,013.1 2,525.8 59.4
1. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 162 371.0 480.8 11.3
2. Transportation and storage 50 43.6 60.7 1.4
3. Accommodation and Food service activities 27 1.5 1.8 0.0
4. Information and communication 514 1,366.8 1,699.8 40.0
5. Financial and insurance activities 129 89.9 92.0 2.2
6. Real estate activities 36 1.1 2.1 0.0
7. Other Services activities 306 139.2 188.6 4.4
Total 2,100 3,708.8 4,253.9 100.0

Table 10B: Activity-wise Purchase of 3,578 Overseas Subsidiaries of 2,100 Indian companies
Amount in ₹ billion
Activity No. of Companies 2015-16 2016-17 % Share in Total (2016-17)
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 13 6.6 6.3 0.2
B. Mining 42 60.0 61.1 1.8
C. Manufacturing 713 1,507.9 1,331.2 38.5
1. Food products 36 29.6 34.3 1
2. Beverages 7 13.0 12.4 0.4
3. Tobacco products 6 1.3 2.1 0.1
4. Textiles 34 16.9 18.2 0.5
5. Wearing Apparel 8 8.3 9.5 0.3
6. Leather and related products 8 36.4 36.4 1.1
7. Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 5 2.0 2.9 0.1
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 5 3.8 3.3 0.1
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 5 1.0 1.0 0
10. Coke and refined petroleum products 6 63.3 191.2 5.5
11. Chemicals and chemical products 67 105.9 102.1 3
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 89 199.4 199.8 5.8
13. Rubber and plastics products 32 6.8 9.4 0.3
14. Other non-metallic mineral products 8 2.0 2.5 0.1
15. Basic metals 19 93.0 76.0 2.2
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 18 32.7 37.5 1.1
17. Computer, electronic and optical products 18 0.5 1.0 0
18. Electrical equipment 29 9.5 9.7 0.3
19. Machinery and equipment n.e.c. 47 11.8 13.2 0.4
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 17 252.0 266.2 7.7
21. Other transport equipment 7 5.0 5.9 0.2
22. Furniture 0 0.0 0.0 0
23. Other manufacturing 235 613.3 296.2 8.6
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 7 0.4 0.4 0
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 35 9.7 15.8 0.5
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 5 1.2 1.3 0
F. Construction 68 43.0 26.4 0.8
G. Services 1,224 1,538.7 2,017.1 58.3
1. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 162 326.1 439.8 12.7
2. Transportation and storage 50 38.5 55.1 1.6
3. Accommodation and Food service activities 27 0.6 0.7 0
4. Information and communication 514 1,021.5 1,288.3 37.2
5. Financial and insurance activities 129 73.1 87.3 2.5
6. Real estate activities 36 0.9 1.4 0
7. Other Services activities 306 78.0 144.5 4.2
Total 2,100 3,167.1 3,459.2 100

Table 10C: Activity-wise Exports of 3,578 Overseas Subsidiaries of 2,100 Indian companies
Amount in ₹ billion
Activity 2015-16 2016-17
Amount Amount % Share in Total % Share in Sales
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 7.0 2.7 0.2 30.7
B. Mining 46.6 44.2 3.4 56.7
C. Manufacturing 468.0 586.0 44.8 37.0
1. Food products 17.1 17.4 1.3 45.4
2. Beverages 9.0 7.8 0.6 30.8
3. Tobacco products 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
4. Textiles 13.4 15.1 1.2 59.2
5. Wearing Apparel 10.7 12.1 0.9 96.0
6. Leather and related products 38.9 35.9 2.7 92.5
7. Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 2.1 2.9 0.2 96.7
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 3.8 3.2 0.2 78.0
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 0.7 0.4 0.0 28.6
10. Coke and refined petroleum products 37.4 156.5 12.0 78.0
11. Chemicals and chemical products 91.8 67.6 5.2 47.0
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 41.7 63.9 4.9 21.2
13. Rubber and plastics products 2.5 4.5 0.3 38.5
14. Other non-metallic mineral products 1.0 0.9 0.1 17.0
15. Basic metals 3.0 2.8 0.2 12.7
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 19.8 22.1 1.7 50.5
17. Computer, electronic and optical products 0.2 0.2 0.0 15.4
18. Electrical equipment 6.9 6.8 0.5 57.1
19. Machinery and equipment n.e.c. 8.1 6.2 0.5 34.4
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 64.3 69.3 5.3 24.2
21. Other transport equipment 1.1 0.6 0.0 7.6
22. Furniture 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
23. Other manufacturing 94.5 89.8 6.9 24.0
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 3.0 7.7 0.6 31.0
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
F. Construction 6.9 1.6 0.1 5.0
G. Services 577.8 667.1 51.0 26.4
1. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 290.3 382.7 29.2 79.6
2. Transportation and storage 35.6 46.1 3.5 75.9
3. Accommodation and Food service activities 0.5 0.4 0.0 22.2
4. Information and communication 196.9 187.7 14.3 11.0
5. Financial and insurance activities 22.4 18.7 1.4 20.3
6. Real estate activities 0.8 1.6 0.1 76.2
7. Other Services activities 31.3 29.9 2.3 15.9
Total 1,109.3 1,309.3 100.0 30.8

Table 10D: Activity-wise Imports of 3,578 Overseas Subsidiaries of 2,100 Indian companies
Amount in ₹ billion
Activity 2015-16 2016-17
Amount Amount % Share in Total % Share in Purchase
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied activities 3.2 3.3 0.2 52.4
B. Mining 41.1 40.3 2.0 66.0
C. Manufacturing 589.8 674.6 33.7 50.7
1. Food products 15.4 17.9 0.9 52.2
2. Beverages 1.9 2.8 0.1 22.6
3. Tobacco products 0.8 1.4 0.1 0.0
4. Textiles 14.8 15.1 0.8 83.0
5. Wearing Apparel 0.4 0.6 0.0 6.3
6. Leather and related products 35.7 34.0 1.7 93.4
7. Wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials 1.3 2.0 0.1 69.0
8. Manufacture of paper and paper products 2.2 1.9 0.1 57.6
9. Printing and reproduction of recorded media 0.6 0.2 0.0 20.0
10. Coke and refined petroleum products 54.1 172.1 8.6 90.0
11. Chemicals and chemical products 82.7 66.8 3.3 65.4
12. Pharmaceuticals, medicinal and chemical products 144.6 113.0 5.6 56.6
13. Rubber and plastics products 4.3 5.9 0.3 62.8
14. Other non-metallic mineral products 0.2 0.2 0.0 8.0
15. Basic metals 2.5 2.2 0.1 2.9
16. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 20.2 22.6 1.1 60.3
17. Computer, electronic and optical products 0.3 0.3 0.0 30.0
18. Electrical equipment 6.8 5.9 0.3 60.8
19. Machinery and equipment n.e.c. 6.3 6.2 0.3 47.0
20. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 48.4 50.4 2.5 18.9
21. Other transport equipment 1.1 0.9 0.0 15.3
22. Furniture 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
23. Other manufacturing 145.0 151.9 7.6 51.3
24. Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 0.2 0.3 0.0 75.0
D. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 5.4 10.2 0.5 64.6
E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 0.4 0.2 0.0 15.4
F. Construction 6.0 1.2 0.1 4.5
G. Services 776.2 1,272.8 63.6 63.1
1. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 237.4 344.9 17.2 78.4
2. Transportation and storage 32.5 42.0 2.1 76.2
3. Accommodation and Food service activities 0.1 0.1 0.0 14.3
4. Information and communication 451.2 830.8 41.5 64.5
5. Financial and insurance activities 23.3 21.5 1.1 24.6
6. Real estate activities 0.8 1.3 0.1 92.9
7. Other Services activities 30.9 32.2 1.6 22.3
Total 1,422.1 2,002.6 100.0 57.9

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